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Why was Alexander the Great great?

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Emily Schmidt

on 27 September 2015

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Transcript of Why was Alexander the Great great?

Summary
Alexander the Great was the ruler of Macedonia from 336 to 323 B.C. During his rule he expanded his empire, making him the most powerful man in the world. He conquered the Persian empire, reunited Greece, and restored the Corinthian League. He was a man with great self confidence, but this confidence led to him having a huge ego. He was a great military leader, but really how 'great' was he?
Early life
Alexander the Great was born in 356 B.C., to parents King Philip II and Queen Olympia, daughter of King Neoptolemus. He knew his father was a great warrier, but he was never really around to see him as the person to look up to. He was tutored by Aerostotle at a young age, and had always wanted to be like Achilles. Alexander also tamed an 'untameable' horse named Bucephalus, and his skills were finally noticed by his father. He then joined his father's soldiers and aided him in military expeditions.
His Ego
Alexander the Great was told from a young age that he was a son of a God, and he used this to motivate his self confidence. There is a story to why he conquered Egypt. He didn't need the land, he wanted the oracle. He wanted to ask the oracle if he would ever conquer the entire world. The oracle spoke in greek saying "oh dear son". His greek was not very good and he heard "oh son of a god". He assumed this true and lived under it. He wanted to be known and remembered.
After conquering so much land he had named 57 cities after himself, the most famous one being Alexandria, and even another one after his horse.
His Accomplishments
He conquered Persia, Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, Bactria, and the Punjab. Alexander continued to conquer and conquer land, he always had renforcements. It is said that he would have gone on, but his troops were tired of marching and refused to continue.
His Mysterious Death
Alexander died a few days short of his 33rd birthday in 323 B.C. It is said that he was drinking the night before, and then had severe stomach pains. Then he had a fever for around 12 days. From this there are many theories. One theory was that he could have been posioned through the wine, but scients have a different theory. They say that he had a disease called typhoid fever.
His Rise to Power
King Philip II was soon assassinated by one of his own guards in battle, leaving the throne to one of his sons. Olympia (his mother) and Alexander are determined to get the throne. They are scared that any of his half brothers may get the throne instead of him, but they all mysteriously die. It is assumed that Olympia is responsible for these murders, but it is not known. Alexander soon had the throne all to himself.
Why was Alexander the Great great?
Why was Alexander the Great great?
Though he had a cruel self centered ego, he changed the world through his military accomplishments. His empire was one of the largest empires the world has ever known. He showed people that anything is possible, and proved to himself that he can do great things. He never underestimated himself. He was remembered and looked up to by people such as Napeoleon, and the Romans. Napeoleon based his accomplishments after Alexander. He also agve the region their common language greek. He may have been focused on conquering land, but he also left a more closely connected world behind, that couldtrade and communicate more effieciently than ever before.
Sources--
http://www.biography.com/people/alexander-the-great-9180468
http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/alexander-the-great
http://www.historyofmacedonia.org/AncientMacedonia/AlexandertheGreat.html
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