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Ethos, Pathos, Logos

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mr tsuyuki

on 6 September 2016

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Transcript of Ethos, Pathos, Logos

24 August 2015
What:
ETHOS (a type of persuasion) & Complex Sentences
Why:
To understand the techniques used to influence us
How:
Analyzing images and text, and explaining (in
complex sentences) "ethos."

English 11
Into Activity:
In 4 or so sentences, explain why these advertisements have professional athletes.
Aristotle
(384—322 B.C.E.)
“Of the modes of persuasion furnished by the spoken word there are three kinds. […]

Persuasion is achieved by the speaker’s personal character when the speech is so spoken as to make us think him
credible
.”

A Greek philosopher who wrote extensively on how language is used to persuade people.
on
ETHOS:
In groups, translate Aristotle's words into today's language. Write translations in your notes.
What is
CREDIBILITY
?
Credibility refers to how trustworthy something or someone is.
Answer
YES
(credible) or
NO
(not credible) for these five examples:
1. Teenage boy giving advice on motherhood
2. Brad Pitt on a cologne advertisement.
3. Donald Trump speaking about keeping jobs in America.
4. Bernie Sanders (White politician) speaking about racial injustice.
5. A woman against abortion arguing for women's rights.
1. Appeal to the writer’s/speaker’s believability, qualifications,
character; relevant biographical information
2. Use of credible sources (experts, scholars)
3. Accurate citation of sources: gives credit where credit is due
4. Experience and authority: person knows the issues and has
experience in the field.
5. Appropriate language: uses language of the discipline
6. Appropriate tone: knows the audience and context of situation
7. Humility: is not arrogant

--------------------------------------------------------------------
Uses tentative yet authoritative language; avoids sweeping
statements like “Everyone is doing this,” “This is the only way,”
“This will always work.”
Instead says, “The research suggests that,” “Some experts
believe,” “In my experience,” etc.

Characteristics of ETHOS
5 min.
"Because
(discuss the subject here)
, he/she is/is not credible."
[Ethos / Logos / Pathos]
From
Amy Tan's "Mother Tongue"

"I am not a scholar of English or literature. I cannot give you much more than personal opinions on the English language and its variations in this country or others.

I am a writer. And by that definition, I am someone who has always loved language. I am fascinated by language in daily life. I spend a great deal of my time thinking about the power of language -- the way it can evoke an emotion, a visual image, a complex idea, or a simple truth. Language is the tool of my trade. And I use them all -- all the Englishes I grew up with."


Entrance TICKET:
In at least 5 sentences, discuss how Amy Tan appeals to
ETHOS
in the following excerpt:
Hint - Consider these points:
Appeal to
the writer’s/speaker’s believability, qualifications, character; relevant biographical information

Experience and authority:
person knows the issues and has experience in the field.

Appropriate language:
uses language of the discipline.

Humility: is
not arrogant
.


"ROLEX"
David Beckham

"NIKE"
SERENA WILLIAMS

Heads Together
Share Out

Share out
Discuss Answers
(Be prepared to share)
2 New Greeters This week
1 September 2015
What:
ETHOS & Complex Sentences
Why:
in order to evaluate an author or speaker's credibility
How:
Text, and explaining (in complex sentences) "ethos."
Entrance Ticket:
Choose one of the two scenarios and
use ethos as your mode of persuasion:
(Remember, ETHOS is how the author esablishes CREDIBILITY)
Situation 1:
Your friend is about to make a very poor decision (you have to come up with this)…convince him/her of what he/she should do instead and why.
OR
Situation 2:
Your parents are going away and want to get you a sitter for the weekend…you don’t want that…persuade them!

AGENDA:

1. Entrance Ticket
2. Ethos Worksheet
3. Subordinate Conjunctions Worksheet
4. Exit Slip: "Mother Tongue" Response

Tomorrow
: We are in the library to checkout our laptops.
Meet in my classroom first!

HW
: Complete Subordinate Conj. Worksheet (Due Thursday)
+
Binder Check tomorrow
WORKSHEETS:

ETHOS & Sub. Conj.
20 min. in Groups
Copy down the scenario you choose
3 September 2015
What:
Pathos ("pay-thOs")
Why:
To evaluate how we're persuaded by
emotion
How:
We will analyze images, video and text that appeals to pathos
AGENDA:

1. Collect HW & Entrance Ticket
2. Pathos in images & video
3. Pathos in Text
4. Exit Slip


What type(s) of emotional response(s) does this advertisement seek to draw from its audience?
"But in the unlikely story that is America, there has never been anything false about hope. For when we have faced down impossible odds; when we've been told that we're not ready, or that we shouldn't try, or that we can't, generations of Americans have responded with a simple creed that sums up the spirit of a people: Yes we can. Yes we can. Yes we can."

-President Barack Obama, 2008
Evaluate how Obama elicits emotion in this excerpt. What types of feelings does he hope to draw from his audience?
Use evidence from the text to support your answers.


Independent writing (10min.):
The free bird thinks of another breeze
and the trade winds soft through the sighing trees
and the fat worms waiting on a dawn bright lawn
and he names the sky his own

But a caged bird stands on the grave of dreams
his shadow shouts on a nightmare scream
his wings are clipped and his feet are tied
so he opens his throat to sing.
Excerpt from Maya Angelou's
"Caged Bird"
READ:
write:
Caged bird is a poem about slavery and oppression.

How does Maya Angelou elicit an emotional response from her readers?
Provide evidence from the text in your answer.
(GREEN: Sentence Frames)
In order to elicit an emotional response
from her readers,
Maya Angelou appeals to feelings of
being imprisoned or "caged."

Using a caged bird as a metaphor for slavery, Angelou captures the "nightmare" of being confined instead of being set free.

In doing so, feelings of frustration and fear are created in the juxtaposed (contrasting) images of innocence and violence. The innocent bird, like the oppressed slave, stands on hopeless dreams as a result of the violence endured to its body and the cage that surrounds it.

Despite all of this, however, Angelou offers a sense of hope at the end, as the bird, despite all it has endured, sings. It seems, then, that Angelou is offering her readers the significance of slave narratives and songs: hope.

"
In order to elicit an emotional response, Maya Angelou appeals to feelings of
[what kind of feelings?]..." [Expand on your topic sentence - APEE]
entrance ticket
Pathos is a method of convincing people (persuading them) with an argument that elicits an emotional response.
Sentence frame:

"
In order to elicit an emotional response, Barack Obama appeals to feelings of
[what kind of feelings?]..."
Sentence frame:
4 September 2015
What:
Today we're learning about
Pathos
("pay-thOs")
Why:
To evaluate
how arguments use

emotion to persuade
How:
We will analyze images, video and text that appeals to pathos
AGENDA:

1. Entrance Ticket
2. Tommy Boy Pathos
3. Maya Angelou's "Caged Bird"
4. Exit Slip


Entrance Ticket:

Scenario:
You are applying for a humanitarian job to help a foreign country get back on their feet after a hurricane ravaged its most populated city.
Write a letter expressing your interest in the job, and using PATHOS and ETHOS, make an argument as to why you should get the job.

(It can be completely made-up if you need to).
PLEASE USE ONE COMPLEX SENTENCE, and UNDERLINE IT.

(5-10 Sentences)
How is Tommy attempting to use pathos in his sales pitch?


WHAT does he do to appeal to pathos, HOW does he do it, and WHY does he do it?
For a more thorough response, answer these questions:
"In order to _____________, Tommy [does what?]. [part of the story] creates a sense of [an emotion]."
Sentence Frame:
(09:47)
15 min.
8 September 2015
What are we doing?:
Finishing
Pathos
and beginning
Logos
Why:
To evaluate how arguments are achieved
How:
We will analyze images, video, and text
AGENDA:

1. Entrance Ticket
2. Finish Pathos
3. Logos
4.
HW: Watch the 2 videos on Logos, Ethos, Pathos (on my website under Writer's Resources/Strategies for succes
s)


YOU HAVE 3
MIN.
TO COPY THIS INFORMATION DOWN:

ENTRANCE TICKET ON NEXT SLIDE ---->
LOGOS:
the logic used to support a claim (induction and deduction); can also be the facts and statistics used to help support the argument.
HOW DOES 7up USE LOGOS?
Deductive reasoning
is a type of reasoning which goes from general to specific. Deductive reasoning is based on premises and if the premises are true, then the reasoning will be valid.
CREATES CERTAINTY!
Inductive reasoning
refers to reasoning that takes specific information and makes a broader generalization that is considered probable, allowing for the fact that the conclusion may not be accurate.
CREATES a LIKELY Conclusion
e.g. Every time you eat peanuts, your throat swells up, and you can't
breath. So, you are allergic to peanuts.
e.g. All cars have at least two doors and a Ford Focus is a car, so the
Ford Focus has at least two doors.
ENTRANCE TICKET:
15 min.
Share your responses.

What is one good point your partner makes about ethos in Angelou's poem?

How could you elaborate on that point?
Reason
INDUCTIVELY
:
e.g. Every time you eat peanuts, your throat sweels up and you can't breath. So, you are allergic to peanuts.
Specific --> General
General --> Specific
1. ... all basketball players must be tall.
2. ... DHS Falcons are good volleyball players.
3. ... All dogs bark.
1. All cats have a keen sense of smell. Fluffy is a cat, therefore, Fluffy ...
2. Elephants have cells in their bodies and all cells have DNA; therefore, ...
3. All dolphins are mammals, all mammals have kidneys; therefore, ...
e.g. Since all humans are mortal, and I am a human, then I am mortal.
Reason
DEDUCTIVELY
:
How is
deductive reasoning
used to determine that the woman is a witch?
Discuss with your groups, then write down your answers:
How could inductive logic be used if you saw a burnt woman on a stake and this was the conclusion induced:

She must have been a witch.
Deductive Reasoning:

The major premise + minor premise + conclusion is called a syllogism.

Syllogisms
consist of three parts:

general statement ("universal")
particular example
conclusion



Major Premise:
3.0 GPA = Honor Roll.
Minor Premise:
Jake has a 3.5 GPA.
Conclusion:
Jake will be on the Honor Roll.



Major Premise:
All humans are mortal
Minor Premise:
I am a human
Conclusion:
I am mortal.

Valid or Invalid?

Develop your own syllogism.
Antecedent:
This fire warms,
And this fire warms,
And this fire warms, etc.

Consequent
:
Therefore every fire warms.


Inductive Reasoning:
Anticedent:
English 9 was easy.
English 10 was easy.

Consequent:
Therefore, 11th grade English will be easy.
9 September 2015
What are we doing?: Learning about

Logos, a rhetorical appeal
Why: To understand
how LOGIC is used in arguments
How:
We will analyze images, text, and Mr. Tsuyuki will show a funny
video to help us understand Logos.
YOU HAVE 3
MIN.
TO COPY THIS INFORMATION DOWN:

GAME TIME!
https://quizlet.com/15564826/flashcards
How do you know if someone
is a witch?
entrance Ticket:
American schools harbor approximately 2.1 million bullies and 2.7 million of their victims.
19.6% of high school students in the US report being bullied at school in the past year.
56% of students have personally witnessed some type of bullying at school.
87% of students said shootings are motivated by a desire to “get back at those who have hurt them.”
Based on the statistics above,
write ONE CLAIM about bullying
.

Then write how you came to that conclusion.
"Based on the statistics on bullying, my partner claims that _________."
SAY:
DO NOT COPY
HOMEWORK: Read p.1 of packet and complete up to 2nd activity (pg.3)
10 September 2015
What are we doing?:
Evaluating the rhetorical apeals
Why:
To strengthen our rhetorical anaylses and prepare for the test
How:
We will write and respond to persuasive texts
HOMEWORK: Rhetorical Appeals Packet DUE FRIDAY (Tomorrow)
TODAY'S Agenda:

1. Based on the yesterday's HW, what is one thing you found helpful and one thing confusing/uncertain?

2. Time in class to work on packet/ask questions
TEST TOMORROW!
What: Today you will take a test
Why: To measure how much you have learned
How: By analyzing how the rhetorical appeals are used.
14 September 2015
RULES of the test:

Keep your eyes on your own paper.
If I catch you looking onto another student's paper, I will assume you are cheating, and you will receive a
ZERO
.

Use pencil
(in case you need to change an answer)
When you are finished, I will give you a handout that you should begin reading.

Do NOT distract others
, or I will give you a ZERO.
Answer ALL of the questions, even if you have to guess.

If you have any
questions, please raise your hand
,
and I will come to you.
and
NO BATHROOM BREAKS
during the test!

Subordinate Conjunctions
after
although
as
because
before
even if
even though


if
in order that
once
provided that
rather than
since
so that

than
that
though
unless
until
when
whenever

where
whereas
wherever
whether
while
why
Full transcript