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Argumentative Essays

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Laruen Keller

on 1 March 2013

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Transcript of Argumentative Essays

Argumentative Essays What you need to know about... What is an argument? Parts of an
Argumentative Essay Introduction Example Next Steps: Yes, this will be 5 paragraphs... An argument is an attempt to
persuade someone by
presenting evidence to the listener for why it is a favorable choice. Topic:
Should people be encouraged to commute by bicycle rather than by car? Why should we ditch our fancy, high priced, gas guzzeling sports cars and pick up a low tech bicycle? Well, we should all choose to take the old fashion route because there are many benefits to riding a bike around town. Although it may be more work, a bicycle's benefits will outweigh a car's dangerous fumes any day. People should be encouraged to commute by bicycle rather than by car. 1. Form a claim.

2. Research for evidence to support your claim.

3. Connect your evidence to the claim (warrant).

4. Consider and address the counterclaim.

5. Give reasons for rejecting the counterclaim (rebuttal). 1. Introduce the claim

2. Present evidence and why it is important

3. Address the counterclaim

4. Reasons for rejecting the counterclaim (rebuttal)

5. Conclusion So, what is an argumentative essay? An argumentative essay presents evidence for an argument in order to let the reader know why it is favorable. It also shows why the other side of an argument is unfavorable. 1. Claim:
The position or
assertion that supports
an argument. 2. Evidence:
The facts or reasons
that support the claim. 3. Warrant:
The chain of reasoning
that connects evidence to the claim. 4. Counterclaim:
An opposing position or assertion. 5. Rebuttal:
Logical reasons for
rejecting the counterclaim. My claim:
People should be encouraged to commute by bicycle rather than by car. My evidence:
Maintaining a bicycle is less expensive than a car. My warrant:
Financial commuting costs for a bicycle are considerably less than by car. My counterclaim:
Some say that riding a bike would increase commuting time and decrease productivity. My rebuttal:
Commuting by bicycle would mean avoiding rush hour traffic jams. An argumentative essay will also include, like any essay, an introduction and conclusion. Question: Which is more important, building an oil pipeline through The Great Bear Rainforest, which would probably create jobs and perhaps decrease the price of oil; or protecting a habitat from destruction and the possibility of a devastating oil spill in the home of an endangered species? Choose a side to argue from the following question. The research and write an argumentative essay explaining why your side is a favorable choice. Your Objective: Evidence can be:
Examples Outline 1. Introduction: This will introduce your claim.

2. Present Evidence: GOOD information about your CLAIM.
Evidence to support claim #1
Evidence to support claim #2
Evidence to support claim #3

3. Address Counterclaim: GOOD information about the COUNTERCLAIM.
Evidence to support the counterclaim #1
Evidence to support the counterclaim #2
Evidence to support the counterclaim#3

4. Rebuttal: Information that makes the COUNTERCLAIM look BAD.
Fact #1
Fact #2
Fact #3

5. Conclusion: Sum up the important points
Full transcript