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Group IV: Identity & Popular Culture
Transcript of Group IV: Identity & Popular Culture
Identity & Popular Culture Dorothy Bly
Jennifer Philbin Article 23 Article 44 Article 42 Article 43 Article 22 Thank you Klaus Barbie and Other Dolls I'd Like to See Susan J. Gilman Presented by: Jennifer Philbin Susan J. Gilman Journalist and author
BA in literature from Brown
MFA in Creative Writing from the
University of Michigan Works:
Hypocrite in a Pouffy White Dress
Kiss My Tiara
Undress Me in the Temple of Heaven
Also runs a blog entitled A View from a Broad The Klaus Barbie and Other Dolls I'd Like To See Choose One "Torpedo-titted, open-mouthed,
vagina-less" "A pop artifact" "a children's doll...an adult cult and an aesthetic obsession" "the underdog of fashion dolls" "closer to what we looked like" Barbie Dolls Dawn Dolls "ubiquitous and perpetual bestsellers" "more democratic than Barbies" "pulled off the market" Influence "Looks, girls learn early, collapse into a metaphor for everything else...we stop believing in our own beauty and its dominion" Barbies presented a look that most girls cannot fit, and if you don't fit it, you don't fit in. This message hasn't changed over time though there has been more focus on boosting young girls' self esteem and promoting multiculturalism Fueling the fire "Barbie is the only toy in the Western World that human beings actively try to mimic." Valeria Lukyanova Women are paying for masses of plastic surgery and living off of liquid diets in order to obtain this look Even Barbies made to be of another ethnicity fit the original mold, just with ethnicized outfits, and reinforce the idea that these dolls are "others" The doll is an icon of Aryanism, "rumored to modeled after a German prostitute...Barbies, in their 'innocent,' 'apolitical' cutesiness, propagate the ideals of the Third Reich" Conclusion If Barbie is really to b a role model for all women and girls, she needs to look like actual women and girls, as well as portray them. "Birkenstock Barbie. Finally, a doll made with horizontal feet and comfortable sandals. Made from recycled materials." "Our Barbies, Ourselves. Anatomically correct Barbie, both inside and out, comes with spreadable legs, her own speculum, magnifying glass and detailed diagrams of female anatomy." Harley Barbie. Equipped with motorcycle, helmet, shades. Tattoos are non-toxic and can be removed with baby oil. Transgender Barbie. Formerly known as G.I. Joe Emily Rutherford
Presented by: Jennifer Philbin Emily Rutherford Staff writer for Campus Progress Attended Princeton Articles focus on LGBT community and issues Other Articles: British Government Sets a Double Standard on LGBT Policy New York City Dyke March: A Curious Anachronism Ban on Gay Blood Donors May Be on Its Way Out Children of *Middle-Class* Lesbians May Do Better Than Their Peers Choose One Facebook propagates the male-female binary Users must choose either male or female- no intersexuality "Facebook's limited set of options is not only problematic but grossly misrepresentative and insulting to thousands-- maybe even millions-- of people" -Rebecca Bettencourt What's being done? Moriya Vanderhoef "Expand Gender Options on Facebook Petition" "Sex/gender/orientation" (SGO) application created by Rebecca Bettencourt SGO allows users to "describe their gender and sexuality however they wish Not enough though, this is just an add on Facebook says those offended can remove gender entirely from their profile Rereading Sex and the City:
Exposing the Hegemonic Feminist Narrative Rebecca Brasfield Presented by: Arley Lawson Rebecca Brasfield Attended University of Illinois
Recieved Psychology degree here as well as M.A. in Sociology
Focuses on subjects like sociocultural issues, modern physics, and academic corruption
Author of four books White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack Age, Race, Class, and Sex: Women Redefining Difference To Veil or Not to Veil?:
A Case Study of Identity Negotiation Among Muslim Women in Austin, Texas Presented by: Tyrell Mallory Article 24 Jen'nan Ghazal Read
John P. Bartkowski
Presented by: Dorothy Bly Jen'nan Ghazal Read PHD in Sociology from University of Texas Is currently the Associates Director of Special Initiative at the Duke Islamic Studies Center Also examination in equality among other US racial and ethnic groups among Arabs and Muslims elsewhere in the world Her research focuses how the culture and religion shape the assimilation of Arab American and Muslim Americans John P. Bartkowski Audre Lorde Sexism, Patriarchy - ARLEY Heterosexism, Homophobia - DOTTIE Class Exploitation- TYRELL Other Works: Physics in Theory
Corruption in Academia
Oppression: Cause, Composition, Solution Sex and the City Show on HBO 1998-2004 (six seasons)
Four single women-- Carrie Bradshaw, Miranda Hobbs, Samantha Jones, and Charlotte York-- in their 30s to 40s
Navigate life and the dating scene in NYC
the four "represent a continuum of women's views and dilemmas when it comes to sex, love, and dating" (Brasfield 486) Hegemonic Feminist Practices Sex and the City is an overall example of Hegemonic Feminism, which is a ruling or dominant feminism
All four women represent the perspective of "white, middle-class, heterosexual women who define themselves primarily as oppressed victims of patriarchy" (Brasfield 487)
The goal is to "gain equal power to white, heterosexual, middle-class men" (Brasfield 487) Professor of Sociology at University of Texas
Conducts scholary and evaluation research,
in addition to teaching courses such as social theory and research methods.
Areas of specialization in religious involvement and faith based organization, youth risk and well being, child development, drug use, family social welfare, community development and gender. There is a given debate concerning
the social standing of Muslim women
in the Middle East. One hand , some scholars contend that
Muslim women occupy a subordinate
status within many Middle Eastern
countries. The other hand, some scholars argue that the claim about the oppression and subjugation of
Muslim women maybe overstated. So women who unveil isnt all that bad,
it gives them their freedom to express
who they really are. Muslim Women who do not unveil,
doing this for religious reasons and
their culture Islamic women who don't unveil, say it is not due to a sensate, sex ridden society. they do this for the hijah, system that protects the family and close avenues that lead toward illicit sex relations or even indiscriminate contact between the sexes in society. they also unveil to protect their virtue and safeguard their chastity from lustful eyes and covetous hands Muslim women who do unveil here in
the US, says it is very different then their
customs of Islamic. They say it is not against the Hijab- veil itself. It was imposed Muslim women because of Middle East men to tame their unwillingness sexual caprice and their desire to dominate women. Women who also unveil like to have their own expressions without the desire of men being sexual towards them. In the Sex in the City. Bisexual, lesbian, and gay male characters are all presented in ways that
marginalize their existence and reify the dominance of heterosexuality. Homophobia: In Carrie's case, she is trying to figure out sean, he dates men and women. She casually learns that he has dated both men and women. She trys to figure who he is more attracted to, she wants to understand how bisexually works and this confused as she tries to comprehend . Audre Lorde -American Writer -named herself as "a black feminist lesbian mother poet. -Thematically, she expresses and explores pride, love, anger, fear, racial, and sexual oppression, urban neglect, and personal survival. -B.A. degree from Hunter College in library science.
-active participant in the gay culture in Greenwich Village -Masters degree in library science from Columbia University
-became the head librarian at Town School Library in NYC
-her poetry was published regularly during the 1960s
-received a National Endowment for the Arts grant, and in 1968 she became a poet in residence at Tougaloo College
-Author of numerous poetry such as "the first cities", "cables to rage", "martha", "from a land where other people live", "new york head shop and museum", "coal", "the black unicorn", "the cancer journals", Hernan Ramirez
-currently working on his dissertation, examining socioeconomic mobility among self-employed Mexican immigrant gardeners and their U.S. born children.
-awarded a Ford Foundation Dissertation Fellowship.
B.A. in Sociology at UCLA The Caste System – a system that exploits working class men and women
Sum (an Asian domestic servant) was exploiting her boss Harvey Turkell (an “estate giant” who made a killing in the market turning, turning sweatshops in to condos) by falsely accusing Samantha of assaulting her, when actually it was Sum who assaulted Samantha.
Sex and The City also explores how class differences affect relationships between men and women. By :Audre Lorde By: Peggy McIntosh The Associate Director of the Wellesley College Center for Research on Women. Earned her Ph.D Baldwin Wallace University The founder and co-director of the National S.E.E.D. (Seeking Educational Equity and Diversity) Project on Inclusive Curriculum. Peggy McIntosh McIntosh has taught English, American Studies, and Women's Studies at the Brearley School, Harvard University, Trinity College (Washington, D.C.), Durham University (England), and Wellesley College Edward Flores
-B.A., Sociology from the University of the Pacific
-M.A., Social Research, University of Warwick
Ph.D., Sociology, University of Southern California -Research specialties include race, immigration, masculinities, and religion.
-conducted ethnographic work on Latino men's recovery from gang life. Author of Recovering gang members: Latino Masculinity and Urban Ministry in Los Angeles. Article 25 Hernan Ramirez and Edward Flores
Presented By: Arley Lawson -M.A. in Sociology University of Southern California, Ph.D. in Sociology, Univ. of Southern Ca.
-Current Position, Assistant Prof. Dept. of Sociology, Florida St. Univ.
-Areas of Specialization: Gender and work, informal sector work and occupations, ethnic entrepreneurships, international migration, race relations Media Issues Media and movies has made us see Latino men as hardened criminals, gun totting, violent cartel members, ect. -Racism and stereotyping really kicked off after the 9/11 attacks and the War on Terrorism began Historically, maintenance gardening began as labor of the Japanese men of the Pacific coast cities.
Here in the U.S. it is known as the "Mexican Man's Job."
Most Immigrant workers adapt to their own environments and create their own masculinity.
They maintain their status through their work.
They maintain that status through their work, long hours, gaining respect from their culture, customers, co-workers, and family media has pushed for more strict policies regarding immigration and border control.
media has pushed for federal funding for border patrol/ICE activities for immigration control.
The type of rhetoric that stemmed from the U.S. media stemmed to the U.S. society against the Mexican immigrant men and that can explain the fear of the brown-skinned “outsiders” and a continuation of the stereotypical anti-Latino society. a huge part in America’s economic growth.
1 out of 8 immigrants work in the construction trade.
During hurricane Katrina relief, thousands of immigrant workers from Mexico and Central America helped with the efforts “my role model was a gang member, all tattoos, coming out of prison, being buff, having all kinds of women, that is what I wanted to grow up to be.”
Gang members in recovery have hopes and dreams of getting married and having kids, working a respectful job, and owning a home. Religion is a big part of converting gang members back into normal lives and away from deviant activity. Schools gave no training to McIntosh on being an oppressor, as an unfairly advantaged person.
Whites are taught to think of their lives as morally neutral, normative, average, and also ideal, so that when we work to benefit others, this is seen as work which will allow “them” to be more like “us” 1. I can if I wish arrange to be in the company of people of my race most of the time.
2. If I should need to move, I can be pretty sure of renting or purchasing housing in an
area which I can afford and in which I would want to live.
3. I can be pretty sure that my neighbors in such a location will be neutral or pleasant to me.
4. I can go shopping alone most of the time, pretty well assured that I will not be followed or harassed.
5. I can turn on the television or open to the front page of the paper and see people of my race widely represented.
6. When I am told about our national heritage or about "civilization," I am shown that people of my color made it what it is.
7. I can be sure that my children will be given curricular materials that testify to the existence of their race.
8. If I want to, I can be pretty sure of finding a publisher for this piece on white privilege.
9. I can go into a music shop and count on finding the music of my race represented, into a supermarket and find the staple foods which fit with my cultural traditions, into a hairdresser's shop and find someone who can cut my hair.
10. Whether I use checks, credit cards, or cash, I can count on my skin color not to work against the appearance of financial reliability.
11. I can arrange to protect my children most of the time from people who might not like them.
12. I can swear, or dress in secondhand clothes, or not answer letters, without having people attribute these choices to bad morals, the poverty, or the illiteracy of my race.
13. I can speak in public to a powerful male group without putting my race on trial. 26 Conditions of "White Privilege" 14. I can do well in a challenging situation without being called a credit to my race.
15. I am never asked to speak for all the people of my racial group.
16. I can remain oblivious of the language and customs of persons of color who constitute the world's majority without feeling in my culture any penalty for such oblivion.
17. I can criticize our government and talk about how much i fear its policies and behavior without being seen as a cultural outsider.
18. I can be pretty sure that if I ask to talk to "the person in charge," I will be facing a person of my race.
19. If a traffic cop pulls me over or if the IRS audits my tax return, I can be sure I haven't been singled out because of my race.
20. I can easily buy posters, postcards, picture books, greeting cards, dolls, toys, and children's magazines featuring people of my race.
21. I can go home from most meetings of organizations I belong to feeling somewhat tied in, rather than isolated, out-of-place, outnumbered, unheard, held at a distance, or feared.
22. I can take a job with an affirmative action employer without having co-workers on the job suspect that I got it because of my race.
23. I can choose public accommodation without fearing that people of my race cannot get in or will be mistreated in the places I have chosen.
24. I can be sure that if I need legal or medical help, my race will not work against me.
25. If my day, week, or year is going badly, I need not ask of each negative episode or situation whether it has racial overtones.
26. I can choose blemish cover or bandages in "flesh" color and have them more or less match my skin. “Power from unearned privilege can look like strength when it is in fact permission to escape or to dominate”
“White students in the U.S think that racism doesn’t affect them because they are not people of color; they do not see “whiteness” as a racial identity.”
McIntosh closes the article by saying “It is an open question whether we will choose to use unearned advantage to weaken hidden systems of advantage, and whether we will use any of our arbitrarily awarded power to try to reconstruct power systems on a broader base” Conclusion: Certainly there are very real differences between us of race, age, and sex, but it is not those differences between us that are separating us. It is rather our refusal to recognize those differences, and to examine the distortions which result from our misnaming them and their effects upon human behavior and expectation.
Too often, we pour the energy needed for recognizing and exploring difference into pretending those differences are insurmountable barriers,, or that they do not exist at all. Misconceptions: If the younger members of a community view the older members as contemptible or suspect or excess, they will never be able to join hands and examine the living memories of the community, nor ask the all important question,” Why ? ”
We find ourselves having to repeat and relearn the same old lessons over and over that our mothers did because we do not pass on what we have learned, or because we are unable to listen. Teaching Our Youth All too often, an excuse is given that the literatures of women of Color can only be taught by colored women, or that they are too difficult to understand, or that classes cannot ”get into” them because they come out of experiences that are “too different.”
One of the reasons White women have such difficulty reading Black women’s work is because of their reluctance to see Black women as women and different from themselves. Black Women Literature A fear of lesbians, or of being accused of being a lesbian, has led many Black women into testifying against themselves.
Audre Lorde stated earlier in the article that she was a black lesbian. Later in the article she said, “It has led some of us into destructive alliances and others into despair and isolation.”
In White women’s communities, heterosexism is sometimes a result of identifying with the white patriarchy, a rejection of that interdependence between woman-justified women which allows the self to be, rather than to be in the service of men Heterosexualism Amongst Different Women Conclusion The future of our earth may depend upon the ability of all women to identify and develop new definitions of power and new patterns of relating across difference.
Change means growth, and growth can be painful. But we sharpen self-definition by exposing the self in work and struggle together with those whom we define as different from ourselves although sharing the same goals
Lorde closes her article by saying “For Black and White, old and young, lesbian and heterosexual women alike, this can mean new paths to our survival. Presented By: Tyrell Mallory Latino Masculinities in the Post-9/11 Era Similarities Each article discusses how identities are shaped and grow in different social contexts.
They are based on who we associate with as well as the media we are exposed to. Differences Each author discusses their articles from first person narratives which change the view and how interactions are percieved Themes Identities are always changing and being constructed by society, and are not inherited.
Identities are about power and alliances.
Identities define and erase differences.
Identities are also based off of the media that we are exposed to; outside sources will shape the way we think and interact Racism, Ethnocentrism- ARLEY -In Audre Lorde's assessment in the contemporary women's movement, she points out, "White women focus upon their oppression as women and ignore differences of race, sexual preference, class, and age. There is a pretense to homogeneity of experience covered by the word of sisterhood that does not in fact exist.
-Throughout the six seasons of Sex and The City, viewers are introduced to tokenized racism and ethnocentrism dominant storylines that explore the women's experiences with nonwhite and non-American-born characters whose race or ethnicity serve as a focus of their interaction. -Sex and gender are the main themes in rereading Sex and the City, because so much of the women's identities is determined by their views of masculinity and its dominance over their lives.
-Male-to-female transitioning contributes to our understanding of sex and gender.
-Marcia Yudkin offers a critical perspective in "Transsexualism and Women." In her investigation of the concept of women, she proposes three levels of identity: biological, social, and psychological.
-Further characterizing this hierarchical view of "woman" is reflected by depicting preoperative transsexuals as prostitutes. Sex is situated as a commodity that can be bought and sold. Therefore, the centered subjects of Sex and the City are inherently privileged with female biological sex organs.