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AW 201 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Transcript of AW 201 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
IDENTIFY THE SAFETY
PROCEDURE OF EXCAVATION AND PILING
THE CONSIDERATION IN PROVIDING FIRST AID IN THE WORKPLACE
AW 201 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
NIK MUHAMMAD ALIFF BIN AZMI
FIRST AID KIT
- should contain a sufficient quantity.
- should not contain material other than those required for the first aid treatment.
FACTORS OF PROVIDING FIRST AID KIT ARE DEPENDS ON FOLLOWING:
the risk involved
the accident likely to arise
the size and location of the office
the distribution of employees and the assistance from external medical services
EXCAVATION WORK AND PILING
first aiders, following
Type of industry
Number of workers
Number of work shifts
Physical layout of workplace
Location of workplace and status of infrastructure in relation to the nearest medical clinic or hospital.
- made as sturdy material and be portable.
- clearly marked with a green crescent on a white plastic background.
- should be placed in a clearly identifiable, well illuminated and accessible location.
- the employees should be informed of a location at all first aid boxes.
DETERMINE THE SUITABLE PERSONAL
Protect our eyes from dust while doing the cut off of piling work
allow the user to handle high speed equipment like band saws
Protect our ear from loud noise.
Preventing occupational deafness by reducing noise at the source by engineering methods.
Steel toe boots and shoes protect our feet
Reduce the severity of injuries that may occur in the workplace
Protect our head from falling objects.
Prevent hitting the head against an object.
Physical protection of the fingers and hand against cuts and abrasions
maintain maximal grip while holding objects
All workers must understand the nature of the work to be performed
Electrical, water and sewer easements must be investigated and their locations properly identified.
Barrier guards, signs, or flashing lights also must be provided to protect the excavation site.
When workers are required to enter an excavated area that is more than 4 feet deep, confined space safety rules must be followed.
The attendant cannot perform rescue operations; all rescuers must be respirator-certified.
Precautions to prevent accidental contact must be taken.
When contamination exists, monitoring results must be posted at the work site, and an entry supervisor must issue a work permit.
The permit must outline the work to be performed, potential hazards, and approved work procedures.
All confined space work team members must be identified.
Special Safety Issues
Equipment should be operated only by trained workers.
Guardrails must be provided on walkways or bridges that cross excavations that are more than 6 feet deep.
Reflectorized or warning vests must be worn by all workers when vehicular traffic is present or in close proximity to the excavation site.
Drainage must be provided whenever work is performed in excavations where water is accumulating.
Where part of a crane has been modified to accept equipment related to pile driving, the modification shall be the subject of an engineered drawing.
No person shall stand under the kicker (the strut between the crane and the pile leads).
When driving piles in a side batter configuration, ensure that the equipment is suitable for the
A signal person shall be positioned in full view of the operator before any pile driving
equipment is relocated at the work site.
Piles or sheet piling stored on the ground shall be adequately supported by blocking.
During hoisting, tag lines or similar devices shall be used where necessary to control rotation of the load.
Ensure that all foreign material such as frozen earth or tack-welded steel is removed from the
piles before being spotted for driving.
If a worker is required to climb the driving lead, the operator of the equipment will apply all
brakes and necessary safety switches to ensure no uncontrolled motion of the equipment.
Secure all shackles with steel wire.
Workers required to take pile refusal measurements shall be made aware of potential hazards.
PROCEDURES FOR PILE DRIVING
All workers shall wear eye-protection and hearing protection.