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Transcript of Psychoanalytic Approach
to Literary Criticism by Samantha, Alicia, Josie, and Josh :) Psychoanalytic Literary Theory Key Players and Theorists Psychoanalysis: a systematic structure of theories concerning the relation of conscious and unconscious processes
Unconscious: the irrational part of the psyche which is not consciously realized Sigmund Freud Carl Jung Characteristics Freud’s Model Id Ego Superego Lacan's Model Imaginary Symbolic Real Jacques Lacan Karen Horney Key Terms Applying the Theory! Works Cited The simplest goal of psychoanalytical literary theory is to analyze the psyche of an author or of characters, typically through the use of the theories of Freud and other psychoanalysts. Freud Lacan Jung Horney Oedipal Drama
Dream Analysis Tripartite Psyche
Mirror Stage •“Sigmund Freud Biography.” Encyclopedia of World Biography. Web. 05 March 2013. <http://www.notablebiographies.com/Fi-Gi/Freud-Sigmund.html> Collective Unconscious
Archetypes •Cowgil, C. “Carl Jung.” History of Psychology Archives. Web. 05 March 2013. < http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/jung.htm>. Theory of Neurosis
Womb Envy •“Karen Horney.” Web. 05 March, 2013. < http://www2.webster.edu/~woolflm/horney.html>. •Sharpe, Matthew. “Jacques Lacan (1901-1981). Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy [IEP]. Web. 05 March, 2013. < http://www.iep.utm.edu/lacweb/#SH1b>. The framework of psychoanalytic theory is based largely on Freudian psychology. Freud, born in 1856, was not a literary theorist, but his research largely contributed to the way literary critics analyze both the story and author. Freud's ideas of the unconscious, including the theory of the id, superego, and ego, strive to explain human behavior. These concepts, when applied to literature, can help explain not only character motivation, but the thought process of the author as they unconsciously pour different aspects of their own personality into their characters. •Kristi Siegel. "Psychoanalytic Criticism." Introduction to Modern Literary Theory, Web. 5 March, 2013. •Booker, M. Keith. A Practical Introduction to Literary Theory and Criticism. New York: Longman Publishers, 1996. Print. Freud, Sigmund. The Origin and Development of Psychoanalysis. Trans. Harry W. Chase. Classics in the History of Psychology. 16 October 2004. Web. 5 March 2013. http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Freud/Origin/origin5.htm Horney, Karen. Our Inner Conflicts: A Constructive Theory of Neurosis. New York: Norton & Company, Inc, 1966. Web. Brizee, Allen, and J. Case Tompkins. "Psychoanalytic Criticism (1930s-present)." Purdue OWL: Literary Theory. 2012. <https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/722/04/>