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Teenage Pregnancy

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mona magdi

on 31 October 2013

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Transcript of Teenage Pregnancy

Teenage Pregnancy
"Children Having Children"

Why Teenage Pregnancy?
* In low-income countries, complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death in young women aged 15–19 years.

* 95% of babies born to adolescent mothers occur in developing countries, and they account for roughly 11% of all births worldwide.

With Egypt being both: a low-income and a developing country, teenage pregnancy is a very important issue to raise !

1. Lack Of Education

The more years of schooling, the fewer
early pregnancies.
2. Early Marriage
In low- and middle-income countries,
over 30% of girls marry before they are
18 years of age; around 14%
before the age of 15.
3. Sexual Violence
More than one third of girls in some countries report that their first sexual encounter was coerced.
4. Lack Of Sexuality Education
5. Lack Of Family Planning Culture
Sexually active adolescents are
less likely to use contraceptives
than adults.

* Did You Know?

Stillbirths and newborn deaths are 50% higher among infants born to adolescent mothers than among those born to mothers aged
20-29 years.

* Did You Know?

About 93% of adolescent pregnancies are intended in Egypt.

* Did You Know?

About 16 million adolescent girls
between 15 and 19 years of age give
birth each year.
1. Death

Adolescents who are 15–19 years of age are
twice, and those under 15 years of age are
five times as likely to die during
pregnancy or childbirth
compared to women
over 20 years of age.

2. Unsafe Abortion Complications
An estimated 2.0–4.4 million adolescents
in developing countries undergo unsafe
abortions each year, which leads to
lasting health problems and
maternal deaths.

3. Anemia
4. Preeclampsia
5. Placenta Previa
6. Premature Delivery
7. Toxemia
8. Mental and psychological illness disorder.
1. Depression
2. Substance Abuse
* Did You Know?
Girls born to teen mothers are more likely to
become teen mothers themselves, and boys
born to teen mothers have a higher
than average rate of being
arrested and jailed.
9. Obstetric Fistula
* Fetal Hazards
1. Stillbirth.

2. Newborn deaths.

3. Low birth weight baby
*Maternal Hazards
* Did You Know?
Teen mothers with a history of substance
abuse are more likely to start abusing by
6 months after delivery.
* Did You Know?
Accounting for about 11% of all births
worldwide, maternal conditions in
adolescents cause 13% of all deaths
and 23% of all disability
adjusted life years.

Depressing Hopeless Case?
. . . That's what we also thought 'till we read THIS :
In the USA, a recent Journal of Pediatrics report
shows a drop in teen pregnancy by almost half
since 1991. This demonstrates significant
progress in public health efforts to
diminish the number of
“children having children”
in America.

" If the USA Public Health Efforts
have succeeded in decreasing the
amount of Teenage Pregnancy . . .

. . . then we surely
! "
That's what we thought, and what
also thought . . .
“ . . .  the
United Nations
has focused the theme of 2013's World Population Day on teenage pregnancy ! “

Huffington Post, 11 July 2013
“ . . . In partnership with the
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA),
published guidelines on how to
prevent early pregnancies and poor
reproductive outcomes among
adolescents in low- and
middle-income countries !”
WHO Guidelines On Preventing Teenage Pregnancy
1. Reducing marriage before the age of 18

2. Creating understanding and support to reduce pregnancy before the age of 20

3. Increasing the use of
contraception by adolescents
at risk of unintended

4. Reducing coerced sex among

5. Reducing unsafe abortion
among adolescents.

6. Increasing the use of skilled
antenatal, childbirth and
postnatal care among

April 2012
Final Word
Being a child is tiring enough, so every child must be encouraged
one, and

to have one . .
duty !






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