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Adverbs and Adjectives and Clauses, Oh My!

A Crash Course on Grammar
by

Miss Stevens

on 23 August 2012

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Transcript of Adverbs and Adjectives and Clauses, Oh My!

Presenting... Nouns, Adjectives, Adverbs and Clauses (A Crash Course) Identify the nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs in the sentence below. (Do the best you can) The small zookeeper bravely stepped inside the cage as the hungry lion waited there. The small zookeeper bravely stepped inside the cage as the hungry lion sat there. Where are the nouns? Where are the verbs? The small zookeeper bravely stepped inside the cage as the hungry lion sat there. Where are the adjectives? The small zookeeper bravely stepped inside the cage as the hungry lion sat there. (Adjectives describe the nouns) Where are the adverbs? The small zookeeper bravely stepped inside the cage as the hungry lion sat there. Adverbs describe or change the verbs and tell us "how," "where," or "when."
Stepped HOW? Stepped bravely!
Sat WHERE? Sat there! Please note...
Sometimes an adverb tells more about a verb... Examples: Mariah stands nearby. She always tries to win. ...but can also describe an adjective or another adverb! Examples: This is really exciting. The audience claps very loudly. These pieces of grammar come together in writing composed of different CLAUSES (not this clause) Independent
(main) Clauses Dependent
(subordinate) Clauses Subject + Verb = Complete thought EVERY sentence must have one of these! Graduation is in June.
I'm sad. NEVER a complete thought, can't stand alone as a complete sentence Needs an independent clause Because school is over.
Is in June. HUH?? Independent and dependent clauses can live in perfect harmony I'm sad because school is over. Independent clause
(It can stand by itself) Dependent clause
(Not a complete thought) Another example... I'm nervous about graduation because I don't want to fall onstage! Independent Clause Dependent Clause Clauses can be connected by commas In school, you cannot use your cell phone. You're right, the answer is England. Clauses can also be connected by subordinating conjunctions Subordinating conjunctions are meant to introduce dependent (aka subordinate) clauses After
Although
As soon as Because
Before
If Since
Than
That Unless
Until (some examples) We will go outside after the rain stops. Please wash your hands before we have dinner. Where are the subordinating conjunctions? 1) Fernando bought his mom flowers since it is Mother's Day. 2) His mom's orchids are nicer than the dandelions Alex gave her. Where are the adverbs? 1) Sophie reads quietly in the library. 2) The movie was really long. 3) You can download movies instantly! Questions?
Here's what's next... Work independently on the final activity Using your Quick Write response from Bell Work, locate:
3 nouns (circle them)
3 verbs (box them)
2 adjectives (zigzag line underneath, if you don't have them, add them!)
1 Independent Clause (underline)
1 Dependent Clause (double underline) Exit Slip On the same paper
you wrote your Independent Writing,
add an adjective, adverb and dependent clause
to the sentence below. The dog barked.
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