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The Congo Rainforest
Transcript of The Congo Rainforest
Welcome to the Heart of Diverseness
The Congo, a diverse rainforest in central Africa that was made famous in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness, is home to a wide range of flora and fauna. It's peculiar location in Central Africa also makes it one of the wettest portions of the continent, and its rainforest biome results in a very diverse population from the rest of Africa.
The Congo Jungle is denoted by a biological boundary. The rainforest spans several countries, most of which include the name "Congo", and holds many diverse populations and geographic features, ranging from trees, to rivers, to rocks and soils.
The Congo Rainforest is home to a multitude of diverse animal species, many of whom are unique to the area. These animals include:
Okapis: The thing in the background. A zebra-like hooved animal that is actually related to the giraffe.
Giant Mountain Gorilla: Quite literally what the name says. It's a giant gorilla that lives in the higher elevations of the rainforest.
Antelopes: Deer-like creatures that inhabit most of Africa, including the Congo.
Eagles: a large bird that happens to be our national symbol.
Crocodiles: Vicious reptiles that swim in African rivers and eat things.
The Congo is also home to a wide variety of plant and tree life:
Dead trees (serve as shelters and recyclable nutrients
Congo Rainforest: A food web
Jungle Trees and Plants
Okapis, Antelope, Gorillas
Statistics about the Congo Rainforest:
Annual Solar Radiation: 21,000 kilowatts/meter^2
Rainfall: Upwards of 250 cm per year.
Primary Productivity: Very high, due to efficient recycling of nutrients and plant biomass.
Structure of Ecosystem: High tropical treeline receives most of the sunlight, diverse population below the canopy full of smaller trees and animals. There is lots of good swamp and riverland as well.
Functioning components: The biotic factors in the food web act much like any other food web, with the exception that decreased human contact has led to a much healthier ecosystem. The organisms didn't need to adapt to the excessive heat of Africa due to the treeline canopy, which shields most organisms from the heat.
By Alex Yung
The once undisturbed beauty of the Congo River Basin has been steadily polluted, like other biomes, by increases in human activity. Cities like this one now exist all over the Congo Rainforest.