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Transcript of Carbon
by Isabella Teague
Chemistry Period 3
The big issue is population. The thing that contributes to population is food. And food is grown from the ground which is grown through fertilizer. In fertilizer, a mixture is found called Ammonium Nitrate/Lime. Carbon is part of this compound to help give some air to the fertilizer formula.
Carbon is the sixth element in the periodic table. It has 6 protons, neutrons, and electrons. The electron configuration is [He] 2s2 2p2. The atomic number is 6 and the atomic mass number is 12.011 or 12. There is no special group name but on the periodic table, it is on group 14 and period 2.
It's properties are shown as a crystalline solid that is colored transparent or graphite. But this depends on it being a diamond or a coal/graphite. It is a nonmetal. The melting point is 3773.15K and boiling point is 5100.15K. 2.62 g/cm^3 is the density and the atomic radius is 70 pm. C^4- is the common ion formed.
Web Elements Periodic Table http://www.webelements.com/carbon/
Discovery of Carbon http://www.chemicool.com/elements/carbon.html
Commercial Uses http://www.usesof.net/uses-of-carbon.html
Carbon Safety and Issues http://www.hseni.gov.uk/..guidance/topics/carbon_monoxide_3_column.htm
Carbon has always been known even in ancient times through diamonds and coals. Though Egyptians and Sumerians first discovered it in 3750 BC by charcoal and soot, French scientist Antoine Lavoisier named the element carbon and he carried out many experiments to reveal its true nature. Through in an experiment, he found that diamonds and coals were made of the same element: Carbon.
Carbon is used in metal pans and other metal utensils to keep it from over heating. It is also found in dry ice, fire extinguishers, carbonated and fizzy drinks. Graphite, which is made from carbon, is used as pencil lead and a base for ink jet printers. Charcoal can be used to be a base to lit up fires and diamonds are used as jewelery.
All life on Earth needs carbon to survive. When we breathe out, Carbon dioxide comes out and is recycled through other plants and animals during respiratory system and carbon cycle.
Health or Safety Issues
Carbon monoxide is a very poisonous gas produced by incomplete burning of carbon-based fuels. This compound is unable to see, taste, or smell so it is very easy overlook and be killed from it. Detectors can be used to detect this poisonous gas. Coal mines (made from Carbon) are also very dangerous.
Carbon is made in the interiors of stars, though it was not produced in the Big Bang.
Carbon is the fourth most abundant element in the universe.
Carbon occurs in all living organisms.