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the renaissance 16th-17th centuries
Transcript of the renaissance 16th-17th centuries
Beginnings in Italy
Italy had three advantages:
- Thriving Cities
- Wealthy merchant class
- Classical Heritage of Greece and Rome.
Inspiration for Renaissance:
- After the Bubonic plague, all survivors wanted to celebrate life and human spirit.
- Can Dance
- Can sing
- Can write poetry
- Play music
- Should not seek fame
- Must know classics
- Accomplished in arts and sciences
Humanism: a center on humankind as the center of intellectual and artistic endeavor
- Style of art introduced during Renaissance
- Focuses on human nature
- Emphasizes value of human beings
Spread to the Northern Renaissance
began after 1450
Renaissance outside of Italy but within Europe.
Renaissance ideas spread out of Italy, mingling w/ Northern traditions.
Northern Renaissance developed its own character.
Rulers often sponsored artists
Francis I of France invited Leonardo da Vinci to retire in France.
Italian humanists were very interested in reviving classical languages and classical texts
focused in France, the Low Countries, Germany, and England
Northern humanists were much more religious (christian devotion)
writers were themed with an earthiness
Shakespeare (England) Cervantes (Spain) Rabelais (France)
produced political change: greater state powers
Francis I , a king who became a patron of the arts
- willing to ally with Ottoman sultan
- goal was to distract enemy (ruler of Austria and Spain)
trade companies/ colonial enterprises by late 16th century
life for peasants stayed about the same
Changes in Technology
The chinese invented black printing( in which a printer carved words or letters on a wooden block) and then used it to print on paper
Around 1440 Johann Gutenberg, a craftsman, developed a printing press
-made it possible to produce books quickly/cheaply
-enabled a printer to produce hundreds of copies of a single work
-for the first time books were cheap enough that many people could buy them
- helped expand audience for Renaissance writers
The Renaissance artists developed by Brunelleschi and executed by artists such as Masaccio, studied light and shadow in the search for realism in their work
16th Century; floating dock, lifting tower
Early 17th century; newspaper, air-gun
Due to trading contacts with Asia:
- pulleys/ pumps in mines were improved
- learning how to forge stronger iron products
literacy became bigger and became the base of new kinds of thinking
Changes in Art
As the Renaissance advanced, artistic styles changed
Medieval artists focused on religious themes (included bible scenes and portraits of Jesus and the saints)
extraordinary art in many different forms of art, including paintings, architecture, sculptures, and drawings.
Art forms were used by talented artists to express important ideas and attitudes of the age.
An example of this is value of Humanism, the realism of renaissance art, and the stylistic qualities from ancient Greek and Roman sculpture are shown in masterpieces composed by Raphael, Leonardo da Vinci, and Michelangelo.
Renaissance painters used the technique of perspective (3 dimensional)
Artists emphasized on:
- lively, colorful pictures
-personality, expression and postures
- realistic features/ portraits
- religious themes
- major detail
- human form
The Renaissance 16th-17th Centuries
Changes in Family
1440 1450 1453 1492 1503 1504 1513 1588 1599
- Family with a Mother, Father, and Children
- Originated in 15th Century
- Peasants and Artisans of Western Europe
- Late marriage age
- Large minority never married
Families, such as Medici's, emerged.
More marriages for love, not power.
Women had much more freedom
- Able to have opinions.
Goal was to limit family birth rate
By 16th century, people usually did not marry until late 20s
changes stressed importance of husband-wife relationship
individual family property holdings
most people could not marry until they had access to property
Johann Gutenberg developed printing press
Reason for marriage was still to produce sons
Began to take greater role in social life
Role as caretaker of house and children did not change
Expected to raise young boys into healthy and educated young men
Expected to inspire art, not create it
Upper-class women better educated than lower-class women
Had little influence in politics.
Few women did exercise power.
- Isabella d'Este; born to ruling family
city state of Ferrara, skilled in politics,
built a famous art collection, defended
Mantua and won release of husband
- Sofonisba Anguissola; 1st woman
artist to get reputation
- Artemisia Gentileschi; artist who
painted pictures of strong, heroic
Spanish Armada defeated by English
Leonardo da Vinci paints Mona Lisa
CFU'S - Check For Understanding
1. __________ formed the fertile ground of the Renaissance. Through this way of learning, humankind found intellectual thinking and their definition of art.
2. A patron of arts, ___________ invited Leonardo da Vinci to retire in France.
3. Writer of The Prince, ___________ helped others see his way of thinking. He emphasized on realism, the seize power and its maintenance. As well, he helped show how a prince should act accordingly.
4.By building the printing press, __________ helped the production of millions of copies of books.
5. ___________ which became present in the 15th century, helped organize relationships, encouraged stability, limited agriculture societies.
Change in Literature
Galileo discovers the moons of Jupiter
Shakespeare builds globe theater
Writers produced work that reflected their time
some followed example of medieval Dante
wrote for self-expression or to portray the individuality of their subjects
Francesco Petrarch; humanist, writer and poet, often called the father of the Renaissance
Niccolo Machiavelli; writer of
- how to seize/maintain power
- major realism
- not concerned morally, but politically effective
Woman writers wrote more specifically on personal emotions
was encouraged by printing press
some writers promoted classical literary canons against medieval logic/ theology
love and pride
Italian, Latin, English languages
wrote The 95 theses
Finan, Vincent. "Italian Renaissance Art."
Italian Renaissance Art
. 2008. Web. 21 Oct. 2014. <http://www.italian-renaissance-art.com/>.
The Italian Renaissance
. New York: Benchmark, Marshall Cavendish, 2003. Print.
History.com Staff. "Italian Renaissance." A&E Television Networks. 2010. Web. 21 Oct. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/italian-renaissance
By Brittney Zaragoza, Kendall Korhummel, and Rosa Hernandez