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Great Gatsby chapter 2

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Jason Mohammed

on 29 March 2013

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Transcript of Great Gatsby chapter 2

Symbols Valley Of ashes
• Omnipotent
• Watches over the Valley
• “But his eyes, dimmed a little by many paintless days under sun and rain, brood on over the solemn dumping ground” (28)
• Sees corruption of the wealthy Dog Literary Style Setting Vocabulary Chapter 2 Valley of Ashes • The reality behind the superficial and glamourous façade that East Egg and West Egg hide behind
• Where the poor work and reside Eyes of Doctor T.J. Eckleburg
• Loyalty
• Ironic - Myrtle would like a dog, however lacks fidelity towards her husband
• Tom shows no emotion towards the dog, indication of his feelings towards his relationship with Daisy – “Here’s your money. Go and buy 10 more dogs with it”
• Breed of dog, Airedale, is a mixed breed – Myrtle would like to fit in with those of high social standing
• Dog can represent family
Myrtle’s Dresses
• Myrtle appears to be wealthy, even though she is an average woman
• Undergoes a personality change with each dress Town Tattle • Another symbol that represents the culture of the wealthy
• Their only interest is gossip, and their lifestyle revolves around rumours Myrtle's Dress • Myrtle appears to be wealthy, even though she is an average woman
• Undergoes a personality change with each dress Themes Corruption of the American Dream •Ruined relationships between the Wilsons and Buchanans – their infidelity
•The Wilsons are not part of the rich, have not achieved the dream
•Poor attitude of the rich towards the poor – the ‘rich do not marry poor’ is reinforced through Catherine’s views
•Poor outskirts of the Valley of Ashes represents the corruption of the rich, their goal towards materialistic things causing the wasteland
•Abusive relationship – Tom strikes Myrtle and breaks her nose •Purchase of the puppy
•Since Myrtle cannot have a child with Tom, it may represent the hope or development to a new stage in their relationship
•A new companion for Myrtle when she is alone at the apartment Hope
•“I was within and without, simultaneously enchanted and repelled by the inexhaustible variety of life” (Fitzgerald 40).
•Nick is intrigued by how the party was going, by the guests present, and is unable to pull away
•On the same time, he was disgusted by how everyone was behaving
•Represents how the rich were fascinatingly disturbing Paradox •Valley of Ashes: reality of the effect of the pursuit of wealth
•It shows the danger and emptiness that haunts the rich in West Egg
•Illusion that although everything seems normal, their pursuit has resulted in a downfall of others
•The idea of the a “loving marriage”
•Mrs. Wilson comes to the illusion that she loves and is faithful to her husband, but in reality she is cheating on him Reality vs. Illusion The Valley of Ashes •Lies between West Egg and New York
•Old, barren, dry lands
•Industrial waste, product of capitalism
•Shows desolation, poverty
•Represents the ugliness caused by the rich and their pursuit of the American Dream
•Can represent the underlying ugliness in the Eggs
•This is where the ‘poor’ people of the novel live
•Haunted by the eyes of Doctor T. J. Eckleburg
•Can represent the lost connection of humanity New York City •Opposite of the Valley of Ashes
•New, lively, glamorous, fast-paced
•Lacks the morals held elsewhere because it is so busy
•Tom can freely show off Myrtle, embrace himself within the affair without fear of being caught—he is comfortable
•‘fascinating yet repulsive’ – Paradox mentioned – Nick cannot get himself away even though he’s disgusted by the actions
•Holds the secret love apartment where Tom and Myrtle go The Apartment and the Party Resides in New York
The place of the impromptu party
Nick is both disgusted and fascinated by the actions of those at the party
Symbolism of the affair between Tom and Myrtle
Tom shows his lack of remorse for his affair
Tom displays his aggressiveness, domination – he mocks others and hits Myrtle without feeling guilty
Catherine gossips about Gatsby – says he is related to the Kaiser (hated ruler of Germany) and so he has some mystery around him – leads up to and creates some intrigue towards Gatsby, who still has not been fully featured in the novel •She does not visit her sister – she goes to her apartment in NYC•Mrs. Wilson’s personality/ status•From a poor, normal appearance to sensual, rich, extravagant, vibrant•Her personality varies with who she is with and what she is wearing 1. Personification – “…the apartment was full of cheerful sun” (33)2. Simile – “…a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat…” (27)3. Hyperbole – “I thought he knew something about breeding, but he wasn’t fit to lick my shoe.” (39)4. Foreshadowing – “The little dog was sitting on the table looking with blind eyes through the smoke and from time to time groaning faintly.” (41)5. Simile – “She smiled slowly and, walking through her husband as if he were ghost, shook hands with Tom…”6. Personification - “... the only car visible was the dust-covered wreck of a Ford which crouched in a dim Corner.”7. Imagery – “But above the grey land and the spasms of bleak dust which drift endlessly over it, you perceive, after a moment, the eyes of Doctor T.J. Eckleburg. The eyes of Doctor T.J. Eckleburg are blue and gigantic- their retinas are one yard high. They look out of no face but, instead, from a pair of enormous yellow spectacles which pass over a nonexistent nose…”8. Extended Metaphor – “Ashes take the forms of houses and chimneys and rising smoke and finally, with a transcendent effort, of men who move dimly and already crumbling through the powdery air.” (27)9. Personification – “Occasionally a line of grey cars crawls along an invisible track, gives out a ghastly creak, and comes to rest” (27)10. Simile – “Mr. McKee was asleep on his chair with his fists clenched in his lap, like a photograph of a man in action.” (41) Literary Style _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ectoplasm _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Transcendent _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Desolate _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Contiguous _ _ _ _ _ _ muslin Haughtily _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Countenance Proprietor _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ pastoral _ _ _ _ _ _ _ saunter _ _ _ _ _ _ rakish _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ apathetically A substance held to produce spirit materialization and telekinesis To outstrip or outdo in some attributive quality, or power devoid of inhabitants and visitors : deserted being in actual contact : touching along a boundary or at a point a plain-woven sheer to coarse cotton fabric blatantly and disdainfully proud, snobbish appearance, especially the look or expression of the face a person who has the exclusive right or title to something; an owner pertaining to the country or to life in the country; rural to walk about in an idle or leisurely manner Having or displaying a dashing, jaunty, or slightly disreputable quality or appearance Showing or feeling no interest, enthusiasm, or concern Discussion Questions 1. Why is the Valley of Ashes symbolic. What does it represent? rotting valley represents the rotting American dream
symbolizes poverty and hopelessness 2. Describe George Wilson and Myrtle and their relationship. Provide Examples George: Owns car repair shop in Valley of Ashes, where he lives with his wife Myrtle
Myrtle: materialistic, unsatisfied, selfish
ex) "as if he were a ghost" and " get some chairs why don't you, so somebody can sit down" (pg 30) 3. In your opinion, do you think George is suspicious of Myrtle when she leaves with Tom? no because George is completely oblivious
"Wilson? He thinks she goes to see her sister in New York. He's so dumb he doesn't know he's alive" 4. Explain the significance as to why Myrtle keeps changing her dress. How does her personality change with each dress? shows her superficiality
changes into cream coloured dress- loses "vitality", becomes more "artificial"
"her laughter, her gestures, her assertions become more violently affected" (pg 35) 5) Who is Catherine and how does she compare with the other women in the novel? sister to Myrtle
described as beautiful
compared to Daisy: Both beautiful but Catherine is brave/multi-faced. Daisy is selfish/corrupt 6) What lie did Catherine tell Nick about Daisy? Who do you think is the source of this lie and what might it hint at? 7) Why did Myrtle marry George if she did not love him? lie: Catherine tells Nick that Daisy is a catholic
Tom might be the source, because he needs to maintain an image that the rich marry the rich
hints at Tom's lack of integrity because he creates this lie to cover his affair 8) How might have Nick's drunken state affected his role as a narrator? when drunk one is not 100% aware of their surroundings
truth may be unclear because blurry memories are associated with being drunk 9) Analyze the following passage and explain its significance to the novel: "The little dog...a few feet".(pg 41) 10) Find an example of a simile and personification throughout the chapter Simile: "a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat" (pg 27). Compares Valley of Ashes to a wheat field
Personification: "The apartment was full of cheerful sun" (pg 33). Personifies apartment as being cheerful Possessiveness, Jealousy •Tom hits Myrtle after she keeps taunting him by repeating his wife’s name
•Myrtle is jealous of the rich lifestyle, she does not have the things with George with which she has with Tom Thank you! dogs are thought to have a sixth sense he wasn't who she thought he was
George appeared to be rich, have a stable job and loved Myrtle
Myrtle wants to use George's money and not work
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