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Text Structure

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by

Kristin Vogel

on 28 October 2016

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Transcript of Text Structure

Text Structure
Chronological Examples
First Kate was late getting to school. Then, she realized she forgot her homework. A few minutes later the teacher announced to the class that they were having hot dogs for lunch, which was her least favorite food. Now Kate thinks that this is going to be a horrible day.
REVIEW
TEXT STRUCTURE
A “structure” is a building or framework
“Text structure” refers to how a piece of text is built
Writers use different structures to build their idea
Each text structure communicates ideas in a different way

COMPARE/CONTRAST
Definition:
the author discusses similarities & differences between people, things, or ideas
Clues:

likeness and differences are discussed,
also
,
both
,
in contrast

ORDER & SEQUENCE
Definition:
events in order of how they occur, instructions given step-by-step
Clues:

order words:
first
,
next
,
last
, etc.

Compare/Contrast Examples
The best time to visit the Rocky Mountains is early fall. The weather is cooler in the fall than in the summer. You will see fewer people and more animals. The fall colors are the most amazing you will see throughout the year.
Definition
: Explains how one event leads to another
Clues
: Look for signal words like
since, because, if, due to, as a result of, consequently
CAUSE & EFFECT EXAMPLES
The minute we set up camp, the rain started to downpour. Our tent was soaked, and we had no firewood to use to cook dinner. The hotel room was sounding better and better!
Definition:
the author gives information about a problem and explains one or more solutions
Clues:
a problem is solved or needs solving,
problem
,
solution
,
solve
PROBLEM/SOLUTION EXAMPLES
In the early 1800s, the United States needed room to grow. The problem was most people lived in the East. The cities were crowded. New land was expensive. Young families couldn’t afford to buy farms.

Then, as a solution, the United States government purchased land from France. The government also acquired land from Mexico. Soon the country stretched all the way to the Pacific Ocean. People looked to the setting sun with outstretched arms and said, “Go west!”
Problem & Solution
CAUSE & EFFECT
Look at the signal words below. Can you identify which text structure they would go with?
Description
My grandma's hair was brown and wavy resting just below her shoulders. Her face, fair and smooth, was adorned with brown tinted glasses through which her beautiful brown eyes shown brightly when the light caught them jsut right. You could have mistaken her smile for a movie star's. It could have brightened a whole city! Her laugh could encourage anyone to laugh along with her.
DESCRIPTION
Definiton:
Provides several details of something to give the reader a mental picture
Clues:
Look for lots of
adjectives
,
characteristics
or
examples
Full transcript