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Darfur Genocide

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Sharon Nam

on 12 May 2014

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Transcript of Darfur Genocide

Darfur Genocide The Darfur genocide takes place internally in Sudan. Darfur is in the western region of Sudan. It borders the countries Libya, Chad and the Central African Republic. United Human Rights
Date - No date specified (Visited April 9th)
Title - Genocide in Darfur http://www.unitedhumanrights.org/genocide/genocide-in-sudan.htm
This Site is a reliable source, because it is a site dedicated to informing the world on injustice in the world.

Jewish World Watch
Date - No date specified (Visited April 9th)
Title - Sudan Genocide
This site is a reliable source, because it is a donation site dedicated to the genocide in Darfur and Congo. This means the information must be accurate to be recognized as reliable for those who wish to donate.

BBC News
Date- February 2010 (Visited April 9th)
Title - Q&A: Sudan's Darfur Conflict
This source is reliable, because it is from a huge news source trusted by many world wide.

BBC News
Date - March 2013
Title - Sudan Profile (April 10th)
This source is reliable, because it is from a huge news source trusted by many world wide.

Date - October 2004 (Visited April 10th)
Title - Darfur-Overview
This source is reliable, because it is an agency of the United Nations and is recognized world wide for charity.

Sudan Tribune
Date - March 2013 (Visited April 10th)
Title - A decade of Darfur
This source is reliable, because it is a site dedicated to reporting news in Sudan.

Date - June, 2007 (Visited April 15th)
Title - Google Earth Zooms in on Darfur Genocide
This source is reliable, because it is a big company which focuses on technologies such as google earth. They also have their own monthly magazines.

Hartford Courtant
Date - April 2011(Visited April 19th)
Title-Darfur Genocide Survivor Tells Enfield Students Of His Experience
This source is reliable, because it is a news site with many followers. It reports news on world events and entertainment.

University of South Florida
Date -No date specified (Visited April 20th)
This source is reliable, because it is from a well known university. Genocide: A genocide is when a large group of people are killed deliberately, especially those part of a particular ethnicity and/or nationality. The History of Sudan and Darfur: - The region of Darfur was always neglected by Sudan during British rule and after they had gained independence in 1956. - Civil war between North and South Sudan left the country with economical, political and social issues throughout the country. - Darfur has always been a very diverse area, made up of 90 tribes and 6 million people. It was an independent sultanate until the British ruled and incorporated it with the rest of Sudan in 1916. Northern Darfur was populated with tribes with Arab descent and had an economy of cattle and camel herding. Southern Darfur was populated with non arab tribes and had a strong farming economy. - In the 1980's drought and famine caused a large fall on the Darfuri society. With the desertion from the government of Sudan, violence for scarce land and food erupted.

-The drought affected the Southern Darfuri the most, as the lack of precipitation made farming impossible. Things Erupt (April 2003) - After many years of neglect, the non-Arab communities felt as though the government were biased towards the Arabs.

- In 2003, 2 rebel groups: The Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), went against the government of Sudan, voicing their dissatisfaction of neglect.

- These rebel groups attacked El Fasher, the capital of Northern Darfur, killing 72 soldiers and destroying many air force planes. TIMELINE OF EVENTS Government Reacts (2003) - The government responded with the campaign "to get the fish by draining the sea" which resulted in civilians of the same ethnic group (The non Arab ethnicity) becoming targets.

-President Omar al-Bashir lead the mass attacks, with the support of the military group, the Janjaweed (which translates into 'devil on horseback' Mass Killings (2003 - Present Day) - The mass killings of the Darfuri started off with air raid attacks by the government.

- Rocket like nails are shot from the air hoping to penetrate and kill the victims

- Right after the attacks, the Janjaweed ride into the target villages on horses and camels, slaughtering many, raping women and children alike and stealing anything worth of value.

- After, villages and any food sources are burned down with no mercy.

- Suffering from malnutrition and vulnerable to disease, those able to escape eventually die slowly with no source of help. Peace Agreement (2005 - 2008) - (January 2005) The government and rebels signed a peace agreement which includes permanent ceasefire and the sharing of wealth and power.

- This peace agreement was short lived, as food remained scarce and government neglect remained.

- (November 2008) President Bashir announces ceasefire once again

-Rebellions and mass killings continue today. El Fasher Sudan official Ghazi Salahuddin (left) and Al-Tijani Al-Sissi of the Liberation and Justice Movement (LJM) after the signing. A burning village in Darfur Darfur Genocide Today -The Darfur Genocide is not a thing of the past as it is an ongoing crisis.

-More than 100 people are killed each day (5000 each month)

-Darfur continues to be the worlds largest peacekeeping mission with over 20 000 authorized troops The United Nations (UN) and International Criminal Court (ICC) Steps in -(2007) Rebel leader Bahar Idriss was accused of planning to kill 12 African Union peacekeepers, but there was a lack of evidence to support a trial.

-(2008) The UN issued a United Nations-African Union Mission (UNAMID) in hopes of creating peace.

-Only 9000 of the projected 26 000 troops were sent to protect and the equipment needed to carry out their mission was lacking.

-Many peacekeepers sent were slaughtered.

-(March 4 2009) The international Criminal Court issued for the arrest of Sudanese President Omar Bashir, for crimes against humanity aid.

-(July 2010) A warrant for arrest and charges on genocide. The government of Sudan did not turn Bashir over and the major protests from the warrants has further increased violence. Since his warrant, Bashir has visited Qatar and Egypt, with both countries refusing to arrest him.

-China and Russia rely heavily on Sudanese oil and to protect their investment and block any attempt at obstruction by the United Nations How many lives were affected? -Over 400 000 lives were taken from this tragedy.

-Over 2.5 million fled to neighboring countries.

-It is estimated that 2.7 Darfuris remain in internally displaced persons camps

-4.7 million Darfuris are in need of humanitarian aid The Cover-Up Story -Unlike many genocides and atrocities, the crisis in Darfur is not very known to public.

-President Bashir continues to deny any alliance with the Janjaweed, although there is proof that his claims are false.

-Also, Bashir claims the death toll is only 10 000 and says the situation is being exaggerated.

-Musa Halil, a government adviser told CNN in an interview that "There is no genocide,"

-Russia and China, the countries 2 allies help to cover up and defend the mass killings committed. What is Being Done to Stop the Genocide? -As mentioned earlier, there are many peace troops being sent to the area to help refugees and to prevent attacks.

-There are many peace advocates such as JOHN GARANG who has been fighting for a ‘New Sudan’ since 1983. He believes replacing the president with representatives from all tribes and religions will help unify the country

-There are many organizations such as savedarfur.org which strive to stop the raise awareness of the genocide, through rallies, email updates and money donations. Summary- Those involved in the Genocide 1) The Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) -- Are 2 rebel groups who showed their dissatisfaction of the government by killing soldiers and destructing air force planes.

2) President Omar al-Bashir -- Many blame him for the genocide as he is the man leading and ordering all attacks

3) Janjaweed -- A very large military group working with the government to raid villages by killing, raping, stealing and burning everything / everyone in sight

4) John Garang -- An advocate for peace in Sudan who believes in unifying Sudan under a representative government. Current Status of Darfur Google Earth Evidence -The 'Crisis in Darfur' project created an
amazing tool for those who have Google Earth.
-You can read stories, see airiel views of burned down villages and zoom in to see 3D images of all the destruction. A Survivors Story Average Annual Income - $2,400
Life Expectancy – 50 years
The number of babies who die before their first birthday - 87 out of 1000
Quality of life indicator - 144 out of 177 on the UN Development Index.
Literacy rates – 69%
Type of government (Sudan) - Federal Presidential Representative (Democratic Republic)
Main Economic Industries – Agriculture and Oil Industry
Level of peace and freedom – Very low due to the Genocide El-Fadel who is a refugee and survivor of the Darfur Genocide told his story to a Junior High School.
"We were very peaceful people … farmers. We had no schools, electricity, phones. But even if we live that way, we are happy, but they don't want to leave us alone"
El-Fadel explains how soldiers came to his peaceful village one day and began to throw people into a burning building.
He was able to escape the flames and walked for days to find himself in a city and luckily reunited with his mother and left for America.
He says the screams of the war still haunts him.
"It was very difficult for me. But I felt like if I told my story, I would be able to move forward" Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir (R), Sudan's Janjaweed militia leader Mussa Hilal (2nd-L) and Abdullah Nagi (2nd-R), representative of Chadian President Idriss Deby, dance during an official ceremony celebrating the marriage of Hilal's daughter Amani to Deby in Khartoum on Jan. 20, 2012. (Ashraf Shazly/AFP/Getty Images) The Children of Darfur Back in 2007, Waging Peace went to Eastern Chad to visit the refugee camps there. They had gone to interview the displaced Chadian and Darfuri refugees who had managed to escape the war in Darfur.

When they gave the children (aged 6 - 18 years old) paper, pens, and crayons, and asked them to draw what they remembered from the war this is what they drew. Abducting women from a village in Darfur A dying village Ambushed while asleep Ambush from the tree tops Air attack on a village in Darfur VIDEO: Genocide in Darfur (pics and video footage) Citations
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