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Battle of Antietam
Transcript of Battle of Antietam
The Battle of Antietam took place near Antietam Creek in Sharpsbug, Maryland.
The battle was fought on September 17 1862.
This was South's first invasion of a state in the North, although Maryland was a border state and many people of Maryland were unhappy about being part of the Union.
10 Facts and Main Idea
The Confederates were feeling very confident going into the battle because they had just defeated the Union at the Second Battle of Bull Run.
General Lee had hoped to defeat the Union on Union soil and force the North to give up on the war.
Most of the war had been fought in Virginia, at this point. Robert E. Lee thought that by fighting in Maryland, he could win support from the people of Maryland, as well as feed his troops with food from Maryland farms.
The Union won the Battle of Antietam, although both sides experienced heavy casualties.
With 23,000 casualties, this was the bloodiest single day of the Civil War.
General George McClellan was fired not long after the battle, despite the victory. President Lincoln was unhappy that McClellan let the overmatched Confederates retreat back to Virginia rather than destroying the army completely.
Union troops marched to Antietam from Washington, D.C. to stop Lee's Army of the Potomac.
Much of the fighting was done at close range. Most soldiers were within 100 yards or less of each other.
The Union victory gave President Lincoln the opportunity he was looking for to issue the Emancipation Proclamation in September 1862.
The Union victory also kept France and Great Britain from recognizing the Confederate States of America as an independent nation and providing aid to the South. They were close to doing so because they wanted to resume importing southern cotton.
The battle lasted about 12 hours and the front line of fighting was basically unchanged from when the battle began.
General Lee was planning to invade Pennsylvania. He had split his army into several parts, and managed to keep the enemy in the dark about his position. By pure chance, a copy of his orders had been dropped in the field, and they were found by Union troops and shown to their commander, General McLellan, who prepared to destroy each of the divisions, one by one.
The Battle of Antietam was fought on September 17, 1862 between the Union and the Confederacy during the Civil War. It took place near Sharpsburg, Maryland. The Southern forces were led by General Robert E. Lee and the Northern forces were led by General George B. McClellan. It resulted in a Confederate defeat
, with important implications for the outcome of the war, although McLellan was criticized for failing to pursue Lee after the battle.
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