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AP Biology Collection Terms

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Stephanie Schiller

on 27 September 2013

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Transcript of AP Biology Collection Terms

AP Biology Collection Terms
By: Stephanie Schiller
Period 2
1.) Animal that has a segmented body
Definition: A segmented body is a division of an animal’s body plan, whereby the body is divided into functional units. The three sections are the head, thorax, and abdomen.
* An ant is an example of and animal with a segmented body because it has the three sections.
2.) Ectotherm
Definition: An animal whose body temperature varies with the temperature of its surroundings.
* Frogs are an example of an ectotherm because their body temperature is regulated by the environment.

3.) Decomposer
Definition: An organism, that decomposes organic material.

* A worm is an example of a decomposer because they break down plants.

4.) Herbivore
Definition: An animal that feeds on plants.
* A rabbit is an example of a herbivore because they only eat plants.

5.) Insect
Definition: any small invertebrate animal with one or several pairs of legs.
* A spider is an example of an insect because it has several pairs of legs.
6.) Thorn of a Plant
Definition: a sharp excrescence on a plant, especially a sharp-pointed aborted branch; spine; prickle.
* This is a stem of a rose with a thorn on it.

7.) Endosperm
Definition: Nutritive tissue surrounding the embryo within seeds of flowering plants.
* Corn is an example of endosperm because it provides nutrition in the form of starch.
8.) Amniotic egg
Definition: Any of a group of vertebrates that have an amnion during embryonic development, including reptiles, birds, and mammals.
* A chicken egg is an example of a amniotic egg because it has a yolk that nourishes the developing organism.
9.) Long-day plant
Definition: A plant that flowers only after being exposed to light periods longer than a certain critical length, as in summer.
* Lettuce works as a long day plant because it doesn't need a lot of darkness.
10.) Fruit with fleshy seed
Definition: Fruit in which the cells of the pericarp are alive at maturity. A fruit that has a soft a pulpy wall.
* A tomato is a fruit with a fleshy seed because it has a soft a pulpy wall.

11.) Fruit with a dry seed
Definition: Fruits with dry seeds have a "seedpod" and can be opened to expose seeds or do not expose their seeds.
* An apple is an example of a fruit with a dry seed because it has a seedpod.

12.) Arthropod
Definition: An arthropod is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed appendages.
* A dragonfly is an example of a arthropod because it has a segmented body.

13.) ATP
Definition: For your muscles- the source of energy that keeps everything going.
* A muscle (bicep) is an example of ATP because it stores all the energy found in food. ATP is present in every cell.

14.) Keratin
Definition: A fibrous protein forming the main structural constituent of hair, feathers, hoofs, claws, horns, etc.
* Human nails are an example of keratin because they contain the protein keratin.
15.) Heterotroph
Definition: An organism deriving its nutritional requirements from complex organic substances.

* A cow is a heterotroph because they get carbon necessary for life by eating organic substrates.
Sister petting cow
Cow at Benton County Fair
16.) Frond
Definition: An often large, finely divided leaf, especially as applied to the ferns and certain palms.
* A fern is an example of a frond because its leaves are divided.
17.) Dicot plant with flower and leaf
Definition: Flowering plants whose seed typically has two embryonic leaves or cotyledons.
* This plant is a dicot plant with a flower and leaf because it has four to five pedals.
18.) Endotherm
Definition: An endotherm is an animal that can regulate it's own body temperature and keep it constant, or a warm-blooded animal.
* A cat is an endotherm because they are warm blooded animals.
Bunny
Sugar
19.) Adaption of an animal
Definition: An adaptation is a trait that becomes commonplace in a species because it benefits the survival of organisms in that species in someway.
* A dog is an adaption of an animal because they have fur to keep them warm.
Lola
20.) Ethylene
Definition: A gaseous plant hormone directly associated with the ripening of fruit.
* A banana is an example of a ethylene because they grow and change from green and hard to rip and ready to eat.

21.) Lichen
Definition: Symbiotic organism, associated with fungus or algae.
* This is an example of lichen because it's like fungus or tree moss.
22.) Vestigial Structure
Definition: A vestigial structure is an anatomical feature that no longer seems to have a purpose in the current form of an organism of the given species.
* The ear is an example of a vestigial stricture because there is an entire group of muscles attached to our ears that just sit there and move nothing.
23.) Stem- woody
Definition: a stem that is hard textured and has secondary xylem.
* A tree is an example of a woody stem because it's hard textured.
Sister Megan's prom
24.) Stem- Herbaceous
Definition: The stem of a plant that dies down to its roots every year during cold climates.
* This flower is an example of a herbaceous stem because it dies in the winter.

25.) Glycogen

Definition: a substance deposited in bodily tissues as a store of carbohydrates.
* Chicken is an example of glycogen because is has one of the highest amounts of glycogen in it.
26.) Gibberellins
Definition: Gibberellins are defined as a class of related plant hormones that stimulate growth in the stem and leaves, trigger the germination of the seed and breaking of bud dormancy, and stimulate fruit development with auxin.
* A seedless watermelon is an example of a gibberellins because it takes away the seeds.
27.) R-strategist
Definition: R-strategists predominate as the ability to reproduce quickly in unstable environments. Many offspring are produced but each offspring has a poor chance of survival.
* Flies are an example or r-strategists because they live a short life and have many offspring.
28.) Gymnosperm Leaf
Definition: Gymnosperms are plants in which the seeds are produced in open organs.
* Pine trees are an example of a gymnosperm leaf because they have cones to help them reproduce.
Brother Mark under pine tree
29.) Radial Symmetry
Definition: A basic body plan in which the organism can be divided into similar halves by passing a plane at any angle along a central axis
* A tiger lily can be used as radial symmetry because if you cut it anywhere, it would be the same on both sides.
30.) Genetically modified organism
Definition: An organism whose genetic material has been modified, especially by genetic engineering.
* Rice plants can be modified in DNA to generate nutrients or increase grain size.
31.) Modified Leaf
Definition: When leaves do more then just photosynthesis and transpiration.
* Scales of an onion bulb are actually modified leaves that provide protection.
32.) Niche
Definition: A Niche is a habitat where an organism has everything it needs to survive.
* A nest is an example of a niche because birds eat and live in there.
(nest found in friends tree- taken on my phone)
33.) Amylase
Definition: An enzyme, found chiefly in saliva and pancreatic fluid, that converts starch and glycogen into simple sugars.
* Saliva is an example of amylase because it breaks down carbs and starches into simple sugar.
34.) Autotroph
Definition: An organism that is capable of making its own food.
35.) Parasitism
Definition: The relation between two different kinds of organisms in which one receives benefits from the other by causing damage to it.
36.) Exoskeleton
Definition: A rigid external covering for the body in some invertebrate animals, esp. arthropods, providing both support and protection.
37.) Rhizome
Definition: A horizontal, usually underground stem that often sends out roots and shoots from its nodes.
38.) Fermentation
Definition: The chemical breakdown of a substance by bacteria, yeasts, or other microorganisms, typically involving effervescence and the giving off of heat.
39.) C3 Plant
Definition: A plant that turns CO₂ into CO₃ before going into the Calvin cycle of photosynthesis.
* Dandelions are an example of a C3 plant because they are a broad leaf plant and dandelions use this technique.
40.) Pine cone- female
Definition: Female cones tend to be rigid and more long lasting and don't provide pollen.
41.) Bilateral Symmetry
41.) K- strategist
Definition: Few offspring, nurtures each offspring thoroughly, long life span.
* Humans are an example of a K-strategist because we live long and take care of our children.
Uncle's wedding this summer!
(Dad, Mom, Jon, Mark, April, Amanda, Megan, me)
42.) Bilateral Symmetry
Definition: The property of being divisible into symmetrical halves on either side of a unique plane.
43.) Cuticle layer of a plant
Definition: A continuous layer of waxy substances covering over the outer surfaces of the epidermis of plants.
44.) Asexual Reproduction
Definition: A form of reproduction on which there is no exchange of genetic material.
45.) Angiosperm
Definition: A flowering, fruit-bearing plant or tree, the ovules of these plants develop within an enclosed ovary.
* Oranges are an example of a angiosperm because the seeds develop in an enclosed ovary.
46.) Phototropism
Definition: The growth response of plant parts to the stimulus of light, producing a bending towards the light source.
* A sunflower is an example of a phototropism because they grow toward the sun.
My plant
47.) Deciduous Leaf
Definition: Refers to a plant (usually a tree or shrub) that sheds its leaves at the end of the growing season

* A maple tree has an example of a deciduous leaf because they change colors and fall in autumn.
48.) Animal that produces uric acid as a waste product.
* A maple leaf is an example of bilateral symmetry because if you folded it in half it would be the same thing.
* This plant I found in my front yard is an example of a cuticle layer because it feels waxy and is shiny
* These leaves are an example of parasitism because an insect has chewed through them leaving minimal problems.
Definition: Uric acid is a heterocyclic compound of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen with the formula C5H4N4O3.
* A llama is an example of an animal that produces uric acid as a waste because they pee.
Baby llama at Benton County Fair-
Picture taken on my phone.
49.) Genetic Variation within a population
Definition: Genetic differences both within and among populations.
*Hair is an example of genetic variation within a population because no two humans are genetically the same.
* This pine cone is a female because its rigid and there's no pollen.
* This is an example of an exoskeleton because it's an outside covering of a body.
* Strawberries are an example of an asexual reproduction because once the strawberry plant hits the ground, it develops new roots and grows a new plant.
* Dough is an example of fermentation because it expands.
* Potatoes are an example of a rhizome because its main growth is happening underground.
* Grass is an example of an autotroph because it gets energy from the sunlight.
50.) Modified root of a plant
Definition: Modified roots are roots which change their structures to carry out vital functions such as photosynthesis, gather oxygen, store food or water, or support the stem.
* A carrot is an example of a modified root of a plant because its roots adapt to its environment.
Me at the fair!
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