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Yanomami Tribe

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Asvia Baskaran

on 28 January 2016

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Transcript of Yanomami Tribe

The Yanomami Tribe
By: Asvia, Ashmita, Ryden, Hamza
Who are the Yanomami?
Who Are The Yanomami People?
Here are some facts about the structure of the Yanomami shelter:
enclosed village where they live and garden
one large circular structure about 100 feet (30.48 meters) wide called a shabono
built with natural resources such as tree trunks, branches, leaves, vines, plants, straw and mud walls are supported with poles
village roof is made of dry leaves and branches
center of shabono has big open space used for many activities
play area for the children
area for feasts, rituals and ceremonies for the adults
each family has a small area called a nano in the covered part of shabono
nano is divided using support posts of shabono
nano has no walls and no rooms and people have little privacy
nano has personal items of a family such as hammocks and fire pit
Yanomami relocate every 1-2 years and have to rebuild their shelter. They move for many reasons, such as:
damage from rainstorms
damage from heavy winds
insect and rodent infestations
to find new and unused land to grow plants and crops
their houses are uprooted from loose and weak soil
frequent attacks by other Yanomami groups

plays an important part in the lives of the Yanomami
used to express themselves
no musical instruments except for the flute made from bamboo and animal bones

the main form of music
used to teach others about their history, religion and activities
used to communicate and tell stories and myths to children
done for enjoyment, celebrations and funerals by women
done by women at harvest feast and they sing late into the night which often can be just sounds and tones instead of words
important for religious and healing rituals by the shaman to connect to the spiritual world
performed for celebrations and funerals performed by women for harvest celebrations for hours
performed by men with weapons to show their power and strength
performed to stories
by shaman for religious and healing rituals to communicate to the spirit world

Face and Body Artwork
The Yanomami decorate their faces and bodies with things from nature such as:
dyes and paints - comes from trees, plants and soils
red paint - favourite dye that comes from red berry called onoto
black paint - symbolizes death that is made from crushed or chewed charcoal
feathers - worn by men and women on their ears, shoulders and headdresses
flowers and scented leaves - worn by women
wooden sticks - worn by men and women in nose, mouth and ear piercings

Jewellery Making
women make jewellery from things found in the rainforest
they use materials from plants and trees and animal bones

Tools and Weapons
men are in charge of the tools and weapons used for hunting
they make spears, canes, darts,bows and arrows and blow guns from wood
men make quivers that are containers used to carry weapons
young boys learn archery at an early age

Yanomami maloca
Inside a shabono...
Here are some facts about the Yanomami shelter:
they live in scattered villages throughout the Amazon rainforest
there are about 200-300 round villages called malocas
each village is independent and self-sufficient
each village supports 50-400 people
they live in large extended families - parents, children, aunts, uncles, grandparents and cousins

women weave hammocks and baskets
made with palm tree fibers and strings from roots and bark
baskets are used to carry food, crops and plants
baskets are decorated with red berry dyes (onoto) and charcoal designs
2 types of baskets - flat baskets and burden baskets
women are skilful basket makers

Yanomami woman
Yanomami man
blow gun
the Yanomami tribe are an indigenous group of people
they live in the rainforests/forests of Venezuela and Brazil
there are about 26,000-35,000 tribe members
there are different groups of Yanomami people who are not friendly to one another
they eat a variety of foods that the jungle can offer such as wild honey, plantains, corn, cassava, fruits, seeds, fowl, deer, armadillos, nuts, monkeys, snakes, wild pigs, jaguars, insects, larvae, fish, crabs, sweet potato, and palm fruits
the men hunt for meat while the women work in the gardens growing fruits and vegetables
80%-90% of what the Yanomami people eat are fruits and vegetables
The Yanomami people lack protein due to the fact that only 10%-20% of the food they consume is meat
By world health standards, the Yanomami enjoy a high standard of living
the people of the Yanomami Tribe wear largely symbolic and decorative clothing
they usually wear different clothing depending on each of their ranking in the tribe
people in the high ranking positions wear less but more decorative clothing
people in the lower ranking positions wear weave or woven clothing that cover more and are much more dull and much less decorative
women wear slightly more clothing than men
the average amount that a tribe member would wear is a thin cotton belt around their waist and chest
they believe that cosmos consists of four layers
cosmos is the universe seen in different layers or dimensions (depend on your faith/religion)
the Yanomami people believe that cosmos consists of four layers
the uppermost layer being a layer that is empty but was once use by ancient beings
the second layer is occupied by the spirits of the dead men and women
the third layer is earth
the last layer is the underworld occupied by the Amahi-Teri
they believe that death is just the line between life and afterlife
shamans are a group of Yanomami men who have been through a series of practices and rituals to become a shaman and are believed to be able to control demons from the underworld to cure their allies and sicken their enemies
shamans are also believed to create spells and potions from wild plants
flat baskets
burden baskets
the leading causes of the Yanomami death is violence
half of the male population die due to violence
yanomami men kill children while fighting enemy villages
woman are victims or being absued
today, population stands at around 32,000 people
What will happen to the Yanomami if the culture disappears?
If the Yanomami culture fades, I believe that they wouldn't leave the wilderness
When you love something, you wouldn't give up on it quite easily, so I think they wouldn't give up quick
Since they are one with nature, leaving isn't an option
May join another tribe with similar interests : Ninam
Thanks For Listening To Our Presentation!
What will the world loose if the Yanomami culture
Taught the world how to be careful on what we have and can use
By living in the forest, they learned that not everything they wish is given to them
They are very thankful for what they have and destroying the forest is not a possibility
Many medical treatments are made by the Yanomami but very natural- plant-based.
These cures have been passed down, generation after generation
For example: the fever, a heart ache and even a cold can easily be cured by a Yanomami
Where the Yanomai live? In Venezuela and Brazil of course!
- The Internatinal Campaign
- They support health and education as well
- They're lives are now at risk
- Medium-sized mining componies and large farming
Full transcript