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Transcript of Liberty Tree
Structure and Function
At the Constitutional Convention, the delegates created a new plan for the U.S. government built around
Where can you find the blueprint for our governments organization and function?
Basic Principles of the Constitution
Constitution sets up govt. to protect "We the people" from a govt. with
too much power
like that of King George III.
Function = Carries out or executes laws
: Elector College now based on the popular vote of the people vs. electors
1. Vice President
2. Cabinet - appointed group of advisers
Length of Term?
2 term limit
Function = Interprets laws (if constitutional)
Appointed by the President and approved by Congress
Length of term?
Types of cases?
Civil & Criminal appeal cases
Other Federal courts?
district courts with judges by appointed by the President
Function = Make the Laws
Elected by: The people (voters in the state representing)
How does a bill become a law?
People share ideas with representatives in Congress
Ideas may become a
(proposed law) in House of
Bill becomes a law if approved by both houses and signed by the president
= made of two houses
The Story of the U.S Constitution
Separation of Powers
Checks and Balances
Limited government in which elected representatives serve at the will of the people
sharing of powers
Maintain armed forces
make foreign policy
provide for education
provide public safety
regulate trade in state
Separation of Powers
Divides the operation of govt. into three equal branches
Powers Shared by Both
provide public welfare
Checks and Blances
Each branch checks and balances the other branches
People rule (choose by voting)
Basic liberties and rights guaranteed in the first 10 amendments to the Constitution, called the
Bill of Rights.
Freedom of Press
Freedom of Speech
Freedom of Religion
Freedom to Petition
The Preamble of the Constitution
form a more perfect union
ensure domestic tranquility
provide for the common defense
promote the general welfare
secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves, and our posterity
The U.S. Constitution
has seven articles that
explain the structure
and function of the
Small state/NJ Plan
Equal; 2 Senators per state
Unlimited 6-year terms, 1/3 stand for re-election
House of Representative
Large State/VA plan
Unlimited 2 year terms, all stand for re-election each term
Chief Justice - John Roberts
President Obama and his advisers
Article 5 = Amending the Constitution
What does it take?
Proposed by 2/3 vote by
both houses of Congress OR a special convention may be called by 2/3 state legislatures
Article 6 = National Supremacy
National government supreme power
Article 7 = Ratification
How did the Constitution get approved?
9 out of 13 state legislatures had to ratify (approve) before it became the new law of the land