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Liberty Tree

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Zeshan Khan

on 17 November 2014

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Transcript of Liberty Tree

Limited Government
Structure and Function
At the Constitutional Convention, the delegates created a new plan for the U.S. government built around
Where can you find the blueprint for our governments organization and function?
Basic Principles of the Constitution
Executive Branch
Constitution sets up govt. to protect "We the people" from a govt. with
too much power
like that of King George III.
Constitutional Goals
Where Stated:
Function = Carries out or executes laws
Elected by
: Elector College now based on the popular vote of the people vs. electors

Supported By:
1. Vice President
2. Cabinet - appointed group of advisers

Length of Term?
4 Years

Term Limit?
2 term limit
Judicial Branch
Function = Interprets laws (if constitutional)
Elected by:
Appointed by the President and approved by Congress

How Many?
9 Justices

Length of term?

Types of cases?
Civil & Criminal appeal cases

Other Federal courts?
district courts with judges by appointed by the President
Legislative Branch
Function = Make the Laws
Elected by: The people (voters in the state representing)

How does a bill become a law?
People share ideas with representatives in Congress
Ideas may become a
(proposed law) in House of
Bill becomes a law if approved by both houses and signed by the president

= made of two houses

Liberty Tree
The Story of the U.S Constitution
The Constitution
Limited Govt.
Separation of Powers
Checks and Balances
Popular Sovereignty
Individual Rights
Limited government in which elected representatives serve at the will of the people
Division and
sharing of powers
between the
National Powers
Maintain armed forces
coin money
declare war
make foreign policy
State powers
provide for education
conduct elections
provide public safety
regulate trade in state

Separation of Powers
Divides the operation of govt. into three equal branches
Powers Shared by Both
raise taxes
criminal justice
provide public welfare
charter banks
borrow money
Checks and Blances
Each branch checks and balances the other branches
Supreme Court
Popular Sovereignty
People rule (choose by voting)
Individual Rights
Basic liberties and rights guaranteed in the first 10 amendments to the Constitution, called the
Bill of Rights.
Freedom of Press
Freedom of Speech
Freedom of Religion
Freedom to Petition
The Preamble of the Constitution
Six goals
form a more perfect union
establish justice
ensure domestic tranquility
provide for the common defense
promote the general welfare
secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves, and our posterity
The U.S. Constitution
has seven articles that
explain the structure
and function of the
State Plan?
Small state/NJ Plan
Equal; 2 Senators per state
Unlimited 6-year terms, 1/3 stand for re-election
House of Representative
State Plan?
Large State/VA plan
Unlimited 2 year terms, all stand for re-election each term
Chief Justice - John Roberts
President Obama and his advisers
Article 5 = Amending the Constitution

What does it take?
Proposed by 2/3 vote by
both houses of Congress OR a special convention may be called by 2/3 state legislatures
Article 6 = National Supremacy

Who rules?
National government supreme power
Article 7 = Ratification

How did the Constitution get approved?
9 out of 13 state legislatures had to ratify (approve) before it became the new law of the land
Full transcript