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THEORETICAL BASIS OF A STATE

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Cydea Faye Marie Ylagan

on 7 January 2015

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Transcript of THEORETICAL BASIS OF A STATE

Bibliography
Objectives:

Summary of Report:
LYCEUM OF THE PHILIPPINES UNIVERSITY
COLLEGE OF DENTISTRY
1. Enumerate the theories states are based from.

2. Explain each of the theories.

3. Differentiate the theories from one another.


Up to this point of time, the true basis of state functions are unidentified as many theories support this concept but political scientists continue to look for evidence and facts to prove these. However, the principles of most theories of state function can be classified under three heads. First, the Individualistic Theory which enunciates that the state exists because crime exists. They consider the state "necessarily evil" that its function are and should be restricted to the narrowest possible limits. However, the Socialistic Theory is considered as the antithesis of the Individualistic Theory because it doesn't minimize the importance of the liberty of the individual. Instead, it considers the state as a positive friend of an individual. Lastly, the Welfare Theory of State is a scientific theory which is proper and a balanced combination of the last two theories. Thus, most of the modern states avoid both the extremes and strike the middle course between socialism and individualism.
$1.25
Tuesday, January 6, 2015
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Caricature:
Definition of Terms:
1. The political caricature shows a father who wants to be voted, a mother who wants to be voted next, a son who wants to be voted after his mother and a baby who wants to be voted after his brother. The family also has a statement saying, "Vote for our family for the next 50 years!"


2. The political caricature may be related to a monarchical type of government wherein the successors of the kings or queens are their closest family members however, it rarely happens in a voting manner. Most of the time, it happens automatically or through appointment.


3. The political caricature shows us how the political dynasty begins as one from the family sits in office, the next of the family members follow. It is believed that the reason for political dynasty is related to corruption as the family doesn't really aim to help the citizens but instead, get the money of the people and the government instantly.

1.
Aggregation
- a group, body or mass composed of many distinct parts or individuals
2.
Autonomous
- having the power or right to govern itself
3.
Gandhism
- having no faith in the state
4.
Individualism
- mild form of anarchism
5.
Laissez-faire
- policy that allows businesses to operate with little interference from the government
6.
Nation
- large area of land that is controlled by its own government
7.
Socialism
- advocating collective ownership of the means of production and distribution of goods
8.
State
- a politically organized body of people usually occpuying a definite territory
9.
Theory
- idea suggested as possibly true but is not known or proven to be true
10.
Varzea
- agricultural land of first quality

THEORETICAL BASIS OF A STATE
Name: Cydea Faye Marie C. Ylagan
Course/Year/Section: Pre-Dental 1-A
Subject/Date/Time/Room: Political Science 1/TTH 7:00 am-8:30am/ LEV 205
Course Title: Political Science with the Philippine Constitution
Professor: Dr. Leon R. Ramos Jr.
Topic: Theoretical Basis of a State

Political scientists have dealt with how the state began. They were compelled deduce diverse explanations for lack of sufficient historical and anthropological evidence. It is believed that it originated from God's will, the process of evolution, the family, development through social contract, the institutions of private property or through force or conquest. The state is believed to be an extension of the family. The family, the clan, the tribe and nation brought into existence to make certain the security of their members.
Serious theories of state origins are of two general types: voluntaristic and coercive. Voluntaristic theories hold that certain people voluntarily gave up their individual sovereignties and united with other communities to form a larger political unit called a state while coercive theories say that force and not enlightened self-interest is the mechanism by which political evolution has led, conflict to the voluntaristic theories.
Summary of Report:
Summary of Report:
Summary of Report:
When and where the state began is not known, but it has been surmised that perhaps along the road from savagery to civilization men must have thought of regulating their social existence as they occupied a permanent territory of their own to the exclusion of other people. As the communities became more populous, but more divided due to social stratification, there arose the need to maintain order and harmony through a system of authority to which all must submit.

Summary of Report:
There are seven major theories of the state. First, the Divine Right Theory which is the oldest theory and says that the political power of certain persons are decreed by God and are Heaven-descended. Second, the Social Contract Theory asserts that no political organization/laws govern men and the only laws which govern their actions are dictated by their instincts and nature itself. Third, the Instinctive Theory holds that political institutions are but the expression of the instinct of man for association. Fourth, the Paternalistic Theory affirms that the state evolved from the most basic political unit - the family. It may have been the expansion of the family and by natural stages, the family grew into a clan, then developed into tribes. Fifth, the Necessity and Force Theory articulates that the state is looked upon as the necessary result of man's desire for self-protection and self-preservation that the weak are drawn under the protection of the stronger ones. Sixth, the Economic Theory states that the state was created to take care of man's multifarious needs and enables him to be self-sufficient. Seventh and last, the Historical and Evolution Theory declares that the state was the result of the gradual and continuous development of the society out of unrefined and crude ways, to develop a human society towards a perfect and universal organization of mankind.

Review of Related Literature:
"Miriam: Philippines is world's political dynasty capital" by Christina Mendez
Updated March 1, 2013 - 5:32pm
Conclusion:
1. The principles of most theories of state function are classified into three heads - the Individualistic Theory or Individualism, the Socialistic Theory or Socialism and the Welfare Theory of State.

2. Due to lack of sufficient historical and anthropological evidence, the true history on how the state began is unidentified however, the state is believed to be the extension of the family and as the community grows bigger, they secure each of the members making it a so-called state.

3. Serious theories of the state origins are of two general types: voluntaristic, meaning to voluntarily giving up their individual sovereignties, and coercive, meaning that it was made by force and not voluntarism.

4. As communities became populous, there was a need to maintain order and harmony through a system of authority.

5. There are seven major theories of the state namely the Divine Right Theory (made through God's will), the Social Contract Theory (only their instincts govern themselves), the Instinctive Theory (institutions are the expression of man's instinct), the Paternalistic Theory (began with the family), the Necessity and Force Theory (the weak are under the protection of the strong ones), the Economic Theory (created to take care of man's needs) and the Historical and Evolution Theory (result of the gradual and continuous development).
Recommendation:

1. The theories under the three heads must be classified and named.

2. More researches and investigations must be made to know the true history of the state.

3. Further studies must be made about the voluntaristic and coercive theories.

4. Historical evidences must be shown and proven about this.

5. Deeper studies on these should be made to at least know if one of these theories are close to the true history of the state.

1.
Analytical Study of Political Science
2.
Political Science Made Simple
by Abriel M. Nebres
3. Politics & Governance by Amable G. Tuibeo
4.
The State and the Constitution: from Precepts to Practice
by Atty. Anunciacion Chavez and Dr. Leon R. Ramos Jr.
5. http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2013/03/01/914637/miriam-philippines-worlds-political-dynasty-capital
6. http://www.cartoonstock.com
7. http://www.namfrel.com.ph/v2/news/bulletin-v2n14-anti_political_dynasty.php

MANILA, Philippines - Sen. Miriam Defensor-Santiago on Friday said that the Philippines is the world capital of political dynasties," with 178 active dynasties.

Santiago said that the voters should shun members of political dynasties whom she called "stationary bandits", "gluttons for power and privilege", the equivalent of Mafia crime families", and "monopolies and combination in restraint of opportunities for others.

"Some dynasties have ruled for eight years, some for the incredible period of 30 years. They have carved out a monopoly for themselves, as if only their families are qualifies for public office. Some are even running for the Senate," she said.

She lamented that the proliferation of political dynasties is a result of the 13 years of deliberate inaction by legislators on anti-political dynasty bills.

In the Senate, Santiago said 80 percent or 18 of the current 23 senators are members of political families. In the party list system, 91 percent or 52 seats are held by millionaires and multi-millionaires.

She said that of the country's 80 provinces, 94 percent or 73 out of 80 have political dynasties. In every province, there is at least two political families.

While the Constitution prohibits political dynasties, Santiago said Congress has failed to pass the implementing law.

"The Constitution is written in stone. And yet, congress deliberately and willfully refuses to pass a law. Each member of Congress took an oath to support and defend the Constitution. Why are we rewarding instead of punishing them?" she asked.

As she had a litany over political dynasties, Santiago spared former Las Piñas Rep. Cynthia Villar from her attacks. She said Mrs. Villar, who is seeking a senate seat, is different from the other candidates because her breed also comes from successful female entrepreneurs.

Santiago even endorsed Mrs. Villar's sensational bid, expressing belief that the scion of the rich Aguilar clan of Las Piñas can even be the next female president come 2016
EVALUATION
Mastery 40%
Content 30%
Visual Aid 20%
Personality 10%

TOTAL 100%
Submitted by: Submitted to:
YLAGAN, Cydea Faye Marie C. Dr. Leon R. Ramos Jr.
Pre-Dental 1-A Professor
FINAL GRADE
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