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Edgar Allan Poe

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Marina Sánchez Moreno

on 13 February 2015

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Transcript of Edgar Allan Poe

Edgar Allan Poe.
The criminal and the detective

The Tell-Tale Heart
Structure
Setting
Narrator and point of view
Literary devices
Structure
Setting
1843
Narrator and point of view
1st sing. person narrator

Unnamed, unreliable

Subjective, contradictory viewpoint

Paranoia & mental deterioration

Excess detail > murderer’s obsession

Reader as an accomplice
Criminal madness Vs Detective stories
House
Bedroom
Themes
Writing Style
Night 5
Night 6
Night 7
Night 4
Night 3
Night 8
Night 1
Night 2

Present
Confession

Flash back
Writing Style
Context
Characters
The Purloined Letter
Structure
Setting
Narrator and point of view
Literary devices
Style
Context
Characters
Style
Lenguage
Tone
Tense
Literary devices
Narrator
Setting
Structure
Characters
Characters
Dupin's house
Mr. D's hotel
Place
Time
Evening
Context
Introduction
Literary market
“Open and bitter feuds among the writers not only raged in the periodicals of the 1840s, but reverberated unwholesomely in writer’s physic lives and spilled easily into private encounters (…) This charged, volatile culture of mutual and self-abasement, which issued from conditions in the market.” (Tomc, 2002).
Poe's life
Detective fiction influences
Influences on Poe
Detective fiction influences
Temporal disorder
Stereotyped characters
Logical rationing by the detective
Evil interest (not always with madness) by the criminal
Intellects duel
Characteristics of the modern detective genre
Intertextuality
Coleridge

Fastination for puzzles
Temporal disorder
First Scene: one conversation
1st Purloining
2nd Purloining
Second Scene: two conversations
1st sing. person

Unnamed narrator

Not participant of the action Reporter

Realistic event
1. Secret information
2. Unknown characters

Story's importance Detective work
Context
C. Auguste Dupin
Three tales:
The Murders in the Rue Morgue (1841)

The Mystery of Marie Rogêt (1842)

The Purloined Letter (1844)
January 1843, Pioneer magazine.
Gothic fictional story
Short stories:
The Black Cat
The Fall of the House of Usher
The Tell-Tale Heart
Monologue
Unity of effect
Beginning in extremis
Rethorical judicial speech
Questions
2nd person
Plot in three acts
Suspense
Main information
How he did it?
Flashback
Narrator > murderer
The Unknown
Vagueness
Place
Time
Closed
Fear
Midnight
Eight nights
Obsession
The murderer:
Old man
Three policemen
"Villains" > Hypocrisy
"They were making a mockery of my horror"
Vulture's eye > evil > blind
Ingenuous
Money
Ambiguity
Perverse and
Proud of himself
Hypersensitivity
Son - Father
Imagination - Reason
Cain's sadism
Fear
Love and Hate
Time
Doppejgänger
Madness
Morality and guilt
Unity of effect
Gothic literature influence
"blood", "darkness", "mad", "corpse, agony, shadow...
Anxiety (repetitions)
"-oh, so cautiously- so cautiously
Musicality
Sexual content of the language
Heart beat
"stealthily, stealthily"
Literary devices
Metaphors and similes
“vulture’s eye”
(dehumanization)
“his room was as black as pitch with the thick darkness”
“a single dim ray, like the thread of the spider"
“one of his eyes resembled that of a vulture -a pale blue eye, with a film over it”
Description
Repetitions (Musicality)
Parallelisms and anaphoras
“Object there was none. Passion there was none”
“with what foresight-with what dissimulation I went to work!”
“nervous- very, very dreadfully nervous I had been and am”,
“it was the low stifled sound”, “stealthily, stealthily”
Synecdoche
Apostrophes
Hyperbole
Themes
Royal apartments
C. Auguste Dupin
The Narrator
The Prefect: Monsieur G.
The Minister: Monsieur D.
The Royal Lady
The witness
Seneca
Renaissance
Chamfort
Bryant
Catalani
Cebrillon
Symbolism
Even or odd
Puzzles game
Language contact
• Related to the letter:
Fight of power.
Mystery.
• Related to the deduction:
Cleverness.
Critic.
Themes
1st
Full transcript