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War in Sudan
Transcript of War in Sudan
A History of Sudan
Arabs in the North often captured the
blacks in the South to sell as slaves.
The Arabs of the North would often come into the South to steal the cattle. The Arabs could not raise their own cattle as they lived in the desert and did not have the proper grass and water resources to raise the cattle.
How do these images depict the differences between the North and the South?
In an attempt to unify the country, the Northern controlled government implemented Sharia law in the hopes of converting everyone to Islam.
Under Sharia law, citizens are subjected to corporal punishment for breaking any tenant of the Qur'an.
The South did not conform to Sharia law as Islam was
not conducive to their lifestyle.
Southern Sudanese are subsistence farmers. Which of these tenants of Islam would make it difficult for them to convert?
Following the resistance, the Sudanese army set out to destroy the population that would not conform. They set fire to their villages, raped and kidnapped their women, and murdered remaining civilians.
It was against Dinka tradition to use
any firearms. They were unable to fight off the Sudanese army with their spears.
The Dinka villages were easily torched.
Young boys out tending cattle would hear the attack on their village and run into the bush or desert to escape. These boys became the "Lost Boys." Alone in the desert with no family, some were as young as four.
In a desperate attempt to fight off the Sudanese government, a group of rebels known as the Sudanese People's Liberation Army (SPLA) formed. They would often manipulate and kidnap the "Lost Boys" into their ranks.
Sudanese who survived the attacks continued risking their lives by making a long and dangerous journey across Sudan to refugee camps in Southern Sudan and bordering countries.
Poor sanitation and lack of basic necessities claimed the lives of many.
Life in the refugee camps was difficult.
After decades of fighting, North and South Sudan came together to sign the Nairobi Comprehensive Peace agreement in 2005. The South was given a promise of autonomy for six years.
Despite the peace agreement, conflict continued, and the South rallied for succession.
In July of 2011, Southern Sudanese voted to officially become an independent country. South Sudan was formed.
Khartoum - Capital of Sudan
Juba - Capital of South Sudan
South Sudan still faces several challenges. Poverty, lack of infrastructure, land mines and corruption run rampant throughout the country.