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Native American Indians

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by

Sydney Goldstein

on 13 November 2013

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Transcript of Native American Indians

Native American Indians: A History
Indians in Colonial America
1492: Christopher Columbus first discovers the New World
Calls native people "Indians" because he thinks he landed in East Indies
1754-1763: French and Indian War against Great Britain
Indians fight on both sides
Introduction
http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/kids/history-kids/native-americans-kids/
Review Questions
How do scientists think that American Indians first reached North America?
How many Native Americans were living in North American when the settlers first arrived?
When did the US Government force Indians into reservations?
Give an example of a Native American cultural tradition.
Indians in the 19th Century
1830: President Andrew Jackson signs the Indian Removal Act
1838: The Cherokee are forced to march the Trail of Tears
North Carolina to Oklahoma
Thousands die
About 3 500km
Culture
Food
Vegetables: maize (
corn
), pumpkin, wild rice, tomatoes, potatoes & sweet potatoes,
squash
Meats: fish, duck, turkey, deer, rabbit, seal, whale
Other: nuts, fruit,
beans
, honey, salt, eggs
Art
Shirt by Nez Perce tribe (Pacific Northwest)
buckskin, feathers, fur
Woven basket by
Mono Pauite tribe (California)
Woven blanket by Navajo tribe
(Southwest)
Navajo sand painting
Mask by Yupik tribe
(Alaska)
Totem pole by Tlingit
(Pacific Northwest)
Religion
Guardian Spirit: In the Pacific Northwest, tribes believed each person had a natural guardian (tree, water, wind)
Great Spirit: Sioux and Algonquians believed in one "God"-like spirit
Medicine men and women: Magical doctors
Rite of Passage: Tests to prove adulthood. Sometimes resulted in a new name
Major Tribes
Full transcript