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5 Kingdoms Model of Living Things

My science project! :D
by

Greg Heffley

on 7 December 2012

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Transcript of 5 Kingdoms Model of Living Things

By : Greg THE 5 KINGDOMS Kingdom Monera 5 Kingdoms BIBLIOGRAPHY Kingdom Protista All living things are divided into 5 groups. They are called kingdoms which are based on the same and the different of living things. Scientist's are learning and discovering new things everyday.

They may find a better way to organize and categorize life. The 5 Kingdom's may change down the road. However, this wouldn't be the first time there was a change. The first classification system was made around 2,500 years ago by a Greek philosopher.

They are classified into 2 groups , scientifically they are called phyla. The 2 phyla are autorophs, and heterotrophs. Autotrophs ( remember auto as automatic ) can make their own food, like plants. Heterotrophs cannot create their own food, just like us humans, they rely on autotrophs for food.

Before, there were only 2 kingdoms, Plants and Animals. The animal kingdom were categorized into 3 groups, ones that fly, walk, and swim.

The 5 kingdoms to this date are... Kingdom Monera, Kingdom Protist, Kingdom Fungi, Kingdom Plant, and last but not the least, Kingdom Animal. Kingdom Monera. Scientists say that all things evolved from the kingdom Monera! Yes, including us humans. In addition, they say that they are the oldest life forms on Earth!


Monerans are unicellular which means they only have one cell and they also have a nucleus . Their cells are more basic than any other cells of other life forms. Monerans are BARELY related to other lifeforms but they still are.

Monerans get nutrients from outside of their body.

Fun fact : Bacteria are the most common in the Monera kingdom. Some can be good like the Bacillales ( bacilli ) they may be used as probiotics which helps the digestive system. However, bad bacteria’s like the escherichia coli ( e.coli ) which can be found in cows meat. According to http://www.nytimes.com/1993/02/06/business/company-news-jack-in-the-box-s-worst-nightmare.html , in mid January, the fast food company Jack in the Box left two children dead. Why? Because e.coli was found in their meat. Kingdom Fungi Fungi Kingdom made up of a variety of fungi.

For plenty of years we thought that fungi were plants, now we know they are different from plants in important ways. Unlike plants fungi can’t make their own food. They have to rely on other food sources.

Some other types of fungi are the, microscopic fungus, and truffles.

Usually fungi don't move.So they absorb nutrients to survive.

Fungi are multicellular and unicellular.
Fun fact : The most common type of fungi is the mushroom, just like the boletus edulis. Kingdom Plant The Plant Kingdom is made out of plants that you see everyday. Most plants are multi-cellular.

Just like trees, flowers, and type of algae.They are very important to us.

They get their green colour from chlorophyll which is found in their cells. They use chlorophyll to get energy from the light of the sun, which is called photosynthesis. While they do photosynthesis, it gives us air! We need air in order to live. That is why we need plants.

Fun fact : The bambusa textilis ( bamboo ) grow over 3 feet per day! Kingdom Animalia Animals are multi-cellular. Their cells come together making tissues and organ systems.

From elephants to snails, animals come in different shapes in sizes, all over the world. There are PLENTY of animals. For example, the blue whale, the bald
eagle, and the tiger.

They rely on other food sources. If they don't eat, they will die of hunger. There are more animals than any other kingdom combined.

There are omnivores (eat both meat and vegetables) , carnivores (eats only meat), and herbivores (eats only vegetables).

Fun fact : This new monkey was found in the republic of Congo. The cercopithecus lomamiensis (lesula) was found only in 2007. This monkey is very unique. According to John A. Hart, (the researcher who discovered the cercopithecus lomamiensis) he described the monkey as having a “ brilliant, blue bottom. “ Kingdom Protist. It includes of unicellular (one cell) lifeforms that have a nucleus. The difference between Monera and Protist is that the Protist are more complicated because of its nucleus.

They make their own food therefore, they are autotrophs.

They are like animals because they have moving body parts. Did you know, that biologists believe ancient protists were the ancestors of plants and animals.

Fun fact : Most of them live into the water. Just like the Diatoma ( diatom ) Which are one of the most common types of phytoplankton. This is my attempt at drawing the Cercopithecus lomamiensis. ( lesula) This is my attempt at drawing the bambusa textillis This is a CC image I found of the bambusa textillis This is a CC image I found of the Cercopithecus Lomaminensis. ( lesula ) This is a CC image I found of meat. If you eat meat that has escherichia coli in it, it can be deadly. Bacillaes can be used as probiotics found in yogurt to help the digestive system. ( CC image ) This is a CC image of Diatoma This is a CC image of Plankton from spongebob. I put this picture in because he is related to diatoma. This is a CC image of the boletus edulis. This is a drawing that a drew of the boletus edulis. This is a drawing I drew of echerichia coli. (e.coli) This is a drawing I drew of bacilliaes. This is a drawing I drew of diatoma. A 6th Kingdom? Some scientists say there is a 6th kingdom. Instead of just kingdom monera, they split it into 2. The archaebacteria and the eubacteria.

Archaebacteria are found in extreme environments, such as boiling hot water.

Some eubacteria are good for you. Cobalamin or vitamin B12 are made by eubacteria. We need vitamin B12 because it strengthens our red blood cells. However, some like the streptococcus can give you strep throat, which causes sore throats, nasuea, tonsillitis, and gut pain. A CC image of streptococcus. Flag of the Republic of Congo ( CC ) ( the lesula was found first in the Republic of Congo. This is a CC image showing how big bamboo is. This is a picture I drew of streptococcus Kingdom Fungi The fungi kingdom is made up of a variety of fungi.

For plenty of years we thought that fungi were plants, now we know they are different from plants in important ways.

Unlike plants, fungi can’t make their own food. They have to rely on other food sources.

Some other types of fungi are the, microscopic fungus, and truffles. Usually fungi don't move.
Fungi are multicellular and unicellular.

Fun fact : The most common type of fungi is the mushroom, just like the boletus edulis. You can eat boletus edulis ( CC ) Kingdom Plantae Did You Like It? THE END. I hope you enjoyed it!

PHOTO’S
“ Bamboo. “ Photo. Frederic Poirot. www.flickriver.com 11 November 2012 <http://www.flickriver.com/photos/fredarmitage/132243780/>
“ Big bamboo “ Photo. Simon Booth. flickr.com 13 November 2012 . <http://www.flickr.com/photos/percysnoodle/752806526/>
“ Boletus Edulis. “ Photo. mongider. ( code name ) 11 November 2012. www.flickr.com <http://www.flickr.com/photos/28686807@N00/8166509080/in/photostream/>
“ Designer probiotic yogurts could help people lose weight. “ Photo. ( Doesn’t show author ) 11 November 2012 www.article,wn.com http://article.wn.com/view/2011/01/16/Designer_probiotic_yogurts_could_help_people_lose_weight/?section=SectionResults&template=cheetah-cfwb%2Fmeta-related-stories.txt>
“ Diatoms “ Photo. ( Doesn’t show author .“ 11 November 2012 www.flickr.com <http://www.flickr.com/photos/13964815@N00/galleries/72157622284070987>
“ File:Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg “ Photo. Nightstallion. enwikipidia.org 13 November 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo.svg>
“ It’s The Jungle Out There “ Photo. “ Virtual Ern. ( code name ) 11 November 2012. www.erniebufflo.wordpress.com <http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2079/2411796681_f12883d8ce.jpg>
“ Risotto, Boletus Edulis, Funghi Porcini secchi “ Photo. Victor Bayon. flickr.com 13 November 2012 <http://www.flickr.com/photos/formalfallacy/3518736263/>



“ Spongebob ( plankton)1. “ Photo. mikaplexus. ( code name ) 11 November 2012. Farm2.statickflickr.com.
<http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2079/2411796681_f12883d8ce.jpg>
- “ Streptococcus .“ Photo. adoniscamba ( code name ) 13 November 2012. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/28493924@N02/2659672681/>

INFORMATION

- Rowen, Beth. " Five Kingdoms of Life ". www.factmonster.com 6 November 2012.
<http://www.factmonster.com/science/biology/five-kingdoms.html> .
- Westbrook, Glen. “ Kingdoms “ . www.utahscience.oremjr.alpine.k12.ut.us/ 6 November 2012.
< http://utahscience.oremjr.alpine.k12.ut.us/sciber00/7th/classify/sciber/5king2.htm> .- ( doesn’t show ) “ Lesula. “ www.en.wikipedia.org 7 November 2012.
< http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lesula >

- ( Does not show author ) "The Five Kingdoms - Classification." . www.kidsbiology.com . 6 November 2012 .
< http://www.kidsbiology.com/biology_basics/five_kingdoms_life/classification1.php > . ( information )
- ( doesn’t show ) “ Lesula. “ www.en.wikipedia.org 7 November 2012.
< http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lesula > . ( information )
- ( Doesn’t show author ) “ The Six Kingdoms .” www.ric.edu 13 November 2012 . <http://www.ric.edu/faculty/ptiskus/six_kingdoms/index.htm?>.
- McKinley Health Center “ Vitamin B12 “ What Vegans Need To Know .“ www.mckinley.illinois.edu 13 November 2012 . <http://www.mckinley.illinois.edu/handouts/vitamin_b12/vitamin_b12.htm>.
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