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Ancient Chinese Civilization

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Cheyenne Brandt

on 16 September 2011

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Transcript of Ancient Chinese Civilization

Ancient Chinese Civilization Record Keeping The Shang dynasty was the first time period where writing was found in historical and archaeological records. Accounts of the Shang rulers correspond with the inscriptions on animal bones and tortoise shells ( found in the 20th century). Complex Institutions
5 social classes
Highest
Lowest
Important rulers
Slaves and outcasts
Despised by all.
Fa-Hie
Pollution to the environment The Chinese had settled in the Huang He, or Yellow River, valley of northern China by 3000 BC. By then they had pottery, wheels, farms, and silk, but they had not yet discovered writing or the uses of metals Fairly complex social structures
Worship their ancestors
Legendary rulers and significant leaders:
Kings and Nobles
Scholars
Peasants
Craftsmean
Merchants Like other ancient people, the Chinese developed unique attributes. Their form of writing developed by 2000 BC, was a complex system of picture writing, using forms called ideograms, pictograms, and phonograms. Such early forms of Chinese writing became known through the discovery by archaelogists of oracle bones. It is also one of the world's oldest written language systems. The system of writing used by the people in the Shang dynasty is very close to
the modern day Chinese writing system ( symbols and characters for each word).
To master this written language, it took many years to learn the specialized
skills required to be able to recognize and write the several thousand characters. What makes a civilized society? Systematic agriculture
Rules and enforced laws
Leadership
Religion or Place of Worship
Anvancing Technology Question and Answer Quiz 1. What is the highest form of political status? Kings and Nobles 2. Which dynasty was the first evidence of ancient chinese record keeping found? Shang Dynasty 3. What was one disadvantage to using bronze in metal work? It was very brittle
4. What is a city in China that has the most preserved architectural complexes? Tianamen Square "Forbidden City" 5. How many social classes were there in Ancient China? Technology The Shang used bronze more for purposes of ritual than war. Although some weapons were made of bronze, the great bulk of the surviving Shang bronze objects are cups, goblets, steamers, and cauldrons, presumably made for use in sacrificial rituals 5 Advanced Cities Specialized Workers During the Shang dynasty, Shang took control over the central provinces
of Henan, Hubei, Shandong, Anhui, Shaanxi, and Hebei.

Xi'an, previously know as Chang'an has been the capital of the Shaanxi province since the Zhou Dynasty. Xi'an was the starting point for the Silk Road back in ancient times and is still as important by being advanced in machine building and textile industries.
Tiananamen Square or the "Forbidden City" was bulit in the 1947 during the Ming Dynasty. During the Ming Dynasty, Tiananmen Square wasn't a public area. It was used to hold the offices of imperial ministries. To this day, it holds some of the most preserved architectural complexes from ancient times. Resources Ancient China. (2003-2005). Retrieved September 12, 2011, from Nabou.com website: http://www.awhistory.com/index.html

Major Cities in China. (2004, February 2). Retrieved September 13, 2011, from Embassy of The People's Republic of China In The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Copyright website: http://et.china-embassy.org/eng/zgxx/t61750.htm

Danser. (n.d.). The History of Tianamen Sqaure. Retrieved September 14, 2011, from Copyright www.chinatourdesign.com website: http://www.chinatourdesign.com/Tiananmen_Square/History_of_Tiananmen_Square.htm

China Employment and Labor. (2011). Retrieved September 13, 2011, from Focus Technology Co.,LTD website: http://www.made-in-china.com/Service-Catalog/Employment-Labor.html

"Ancient World History : Ancient China." Ancient World History : Home. Nabou.com, n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <http://www.awhistory.com/china

Guisepi, Robert. "Dawn Of Civilization." World History International: World History Essays From Prehistory To The Present. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <http://history-world.org/ancient_civilization.htm>.

"Exploring Chinese History :: History :: Ancient Chinese History :: Comprehensive." ibiblio - The Public's Library and Digital Archive. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <http://www.ibiblio.org/chinesehistory Around 1700 BC the uses of bronze were discovered in Ancient China.
Only the most skilled crafts men where able to use bronze make religious objects, weapons and tools.
Bronze did have it's disadvantages, being very brittle due to having a high carbon level it was easily damaged.
The Chinese soon discovered that by reducing the carbon content the metal became stronger. This metal was known as steel. The Chinese are given credit for many great inventions including,
The Compass- Invented in ancient China, it aided in navigation and geomancy, although origional compasses pointed south.
Paper and Printing-Made paper from pownding on linen fiber. Printed using slow wooden letters.
Porcelain
Silk- one of the largest objects of trade out of China.
The Crossbow-invented around 2500 years ago Bronze was used in many ways, creating an industry of its own.
The bronze industry required a large labor force to mine, refine, and transport copper, tin, and lead ores, as well as to produce and transport charcoal. It also required technically skilled artisans to make clay models, construct ceramic molds, and assemble and finish vessels, the largest which weighed as much as 800 kg (1,800 lb).

Other specialized workers include:
farmers
pattern/textile workers
merchants


Zhou Dynasty (about 1100 BC)
Heaven
Ruled over all the other gods
Mandate of Heaven Ancient China was one of the earliest centers of human civilization
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