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Undocumented Youth

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Rachel Cope

on 29 November 2014

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Transcript of Undocumented Youth

Plyer v Doe
I came to this country from Mexico when I was 3 years old... While everyone was applying to college and financial aid, I was told that I couldn't attend college because of my status. -Betsy from California, born in Mexico
What is the Problem?
How Does it Affect the Person?
Federal Policy for Undocumented Students
add video...
Each year, 65,000 students in the United States graduate high school with severe social, financial, and legal limitations.

A high school diploma creates fewer opportunities for those entering the labor market.

For social and economic mobility, a college degree is becoming a growing necessity.
Supreme Court decision protecting undocumented students K-12
Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund sued on behalf of undocumented students
A Texas school district was charging $1,000 yearly tuition for undocumented students
The Supreme Court found that charging these students was a violation of the Equal Protection clause under the Fourteenth Amendment.
Thursday, November 20, 2014
Group 3
Who Are They?
Recommendations
UnDACAmented Youth
Undocumented Families living under the Radar
Current Conditions
C. Phillips, K. Reddick, E. Boatin, M. O'Brien, R. Cope
Those who haven't applied:
Application fee is financial barrier
Fear they may not qualify
Lack of education
Work and family responsibilities
Potentially Eligible:
Youth who did not meet the education requirement
Children eligible in the future when they turn 15
Youth will not
age out
of eligibility
Education Requirement
94% of youth from Mexico, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras did not meet education criteria
30% were older than 26, while only 12% of the immediately eligible group were over 26
38% had less than a 9th grade education

In Florida (Prop 300), unauthorized immigrants were required to pay higher, out-of-state tuition for adult education classes. This was repealed in July 2014

In both Georgia (House Bill 2) and Arizona, proof of legal residency is required to participate in adult education programs

Adult Education Programs lost 35% of their capacity in 2007-2008.

Expand eligibility to youth with U.S. residence since 2011 (versus 2007 under the current criteria) --would expand the population by about 90,000
Extend eligibility to youth arriving in the U.S. before age 18 (versus current age of 16) --would expand population by about 180,000
Eliminate maximum age of 30 (as of program's announcement in June 2012) while maintaining age-at-arrival would expand eligible population by 200,000
If all of these criteria were lifted, including education requirement, eligible population would be roughly 3.1 million
To better support students, schools need more wraparound support services and innovative academic programs
DACA loan programs
Mobile clinics to reach resource-limited communities; targeted outreach
More funding for Family Literacy programs (to help DACA eligible adults who need childcare)
Recommendations Continued...
Problem Continued...
For some of these students, they are at a higher risk for not achieving, truancy, and becoming dropouts
They feel there is no benefit in completing high school knowing that they face great challenges to go to college
These young people face the risk of engaging in illegal activities due to their unfortunate circumstances.
They are also banned from obtaining a driver’s license
Statistics of the Latino Population in America
There are 50.5 million hispanics in the United States, making up 16% of the total population.
57% of undocumented immigrants are Mexican with another 23% from other Latin American countries.
There are 17.1 million Latinos age 17 or younger, making them the largest minority group in America's public school system
.
Unfortunately, they have the lowest education attainment level of any group due to many different obstacles, mostly dealing with financial issues, fear of deportation or proper documentation.
Where Are They Now?
Conditions Continued...
Federal Policy for Undocumented Students
COMPREHENSIVE IMMIGRATION REFORM

Immigration is a family matter. While many undocumented youth are benefiting greatly from DACA, they still live in fear that one day someone close to them may be deported.
It is estimated that out of the 65,000 undocumented students who graduate yearly from high school, only 10% attend college
As a result of their legal status, undocumented students do not benefit from financial aid.
They are also restricted from obtaining admission from some universities.
For the majority who do not attend college, although they may qualify, are faced with a number of problems which include fear of deportation, depression, uncertain future and unemployment.
Quick Facts:
Nearly 590,000 people have been granted DACA
USCIS has accepted 25,000 renewal applications
55% of 1.2 million have applied for relief as of July 20, 2014
DACA 2 Years Later:
Increased opportunity for youth
Better job options
Ability to obtain driver's license
Ability to open bank account

References
Beadle, A. (2011, July 11). DREAMers Push for a Path to Citizenship (Web Log Comment). Retrieved from http://immigrationimpact.com/2013/07/11/dreamers-push-for-a-path-to-citizenship/

Batalova, J., Hooker, S., Capps, R., and James D. Bachmeier. (August 2014). DACA at The Two-Year Mark: A National and State Profile of Youth Eligible and Applying For Deferred Action. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute.

Capps, R., Rosenblum, M., and James D. Bachmeier. (September 2014). Executive Action For Unauthorized Immigrants: Estimates of The Populations that Could Receive Relief. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute

CNN. (2012, July 10). University pays tuition for 17 illegal immigrants [Video file]. Retrieved from YOUTUBE.

DACA immigration facts (2014 February 21) Retrieved November 17, 2014 from http://www.us-immigration.com/blog/daca-immigration-facts

The DREAM Act. (2010, November 18). Retreived November 15, 2014. from http://immigrationpolicy.org

References Continued...


DACA immigration facts (2014 February 21) Retrieved November 17, 2014 from http://www.us-immigration.com/blog/daca-immigration-facts

Education Pays - AHS Counselor & Social Worker. (2012). Retrieved November 18, 2014, from http://www.annawan226.org/counseling/college/education-pays/

Gonzales, R. and Angie M. Bautista-Chavez. (June 2014). Two Years And Counting: Assessing The Growing Power of DACA.
Immigration Policy Center.
Retrieved from http://www.immigrationpolicy.org/special-reports/two-years-and-counting-assessing-growing-power-daca

Gonzalez, R. & Terriquez V. (2013 August 1). How Daca is impacting the lives of those who are now DACAmented: Preliminary findings from the National UnDACAmented Research Project. Retrieved November 15, 2014, from www.immigrationpolicycenter.org

Guerrero, D. (2010). I told Harvard I was an undocumented immigrant. They gave me a full scholarship. Retrieved November 16, 2014, from http://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2014/09/24/i-told-harvard-i-was-an-undocumented-immigrant-they-gave-me-a-full-scholarship/

Hernandez, S., & Gildersleeve, R. E. (2013). No Undocumented Child left behind: Plyler v. Doe and the Education of Undocumented Schoolchildren. The Review of Higher Education, 36(3), 421-422.

Hooker, S., and Michael Fix. (September 2014). County Level View of DACA Populations Finds Surprising Amount of Ethnic & Enrollment Diversity. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute.

Hudson, J. (2012). Why Hasn't Jose Antonio Vargas Been Deported? Retrieved November 14, 2014, from http://www.thewire.com/national/2012/06/why-hasnt-jose-antonio-vargas-been-deported/53560/

Illinois Coalition for Immigrant and Refugee Rights. IL Dream Act: An Undocumented Students Guide to College. Retrieved from www.icirr.org

Kim, A., & Stephanie Stevens. (2014, October 2). Tuition Policies Harm Undocumented Students (Web Log Comment).
The Emory Wheel
. Retrieved from http://www.emorywheel.com/tuition-policies-harm-undocumented-students/


"Evelyn Rivera, who is originally from Colombia but grew up in Orlando, Florida, spoke about reuniting with her mother, who was deported six years ago, at the U.S.-Mexico border and only being able to hug her through a 16-foot fence. 'I believe in an America where I don’t have to choose between my home or my family,' Rivera said."
-Amanda Peterson Beadle
Continued...
Kim, C. (2013). Lost American Dream of Undocumented Students: Understanding the DREAM (Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors) Act. Children & School, Vol. 35, Issue 1 p. 55-58

Kim, E. & Diaz, J. (2013). Undocumented Students and Higher Education. ASHE Higher Education Report, Vol. 38, Issue 6 P. 77-90.

Marquardt, M., Steigenga, T., Williams, P., & Manuel A. Vazquez. (2011). Living Illegally: The Human Face of Unauthorized Immigration. New York: The New Press.

Passel, J., Capps, H., & Fix, M. (2014 January 12) from http://www.urban.org/publications/100587.html

Taurel, Patrick. (2014, June 5). The DACA Renewal Process: Everything You Need to Know (Web Log Comment). Retrieved from http://immigrationimpact.com/2014/06/05/the-daca-renewal-process-everything-you-need-to-know/

United States. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. Department of Homeland Security.Http://www.uscis.gov/humanitarian/consideration-deferred-action-childhood-arrivals-daca. N.p., n.d. Web.

Wessler, S. (2014, May 28). Old, Poor and Undocumented: Immigrants Face Grim Golden Years - NBC News. Retrieved November 16, 2014, from http://www.nbcnews.com/feature/in-plain-sight/old-poor-undocumented-immigrants-face-grim-golden-years-n116791
Isabel Castillo, a DREAM Act activist who graduated from a private college in Virginia with a degree in social work but is unable to practice her profession explained in an interview, 'I haven't been to [Mexico]... For many DREAMers, sending us back to our 'home countries' is sending us to a foreign country. We are used to this culture... Yes, I was born there, but I think my home is here.' -Marquardt, et al. (2011)
On the Road to Legalization
Educating the next generation
DACA V.S.
In 2004, over 6 million undocumented families had at least one working family member and could be potentially eligible for legalization.
Two thirds of undocumented workers earn less than minimum wage compared to one third of workers, making up 10% of low wage earners in America.

40% of undocumented kids live below the poverty line
The average income of undocumented families is 40% lower than their native born or legal immigrants.
In a survey completed by American Immigration Council 94% stated that they would apply for citizenship if they were eligible. At least 31% of current DACA eligible respondents have experienced the deportation of a loved one.
DACA was passed in Aug. 2012 as a program that offers the opportunity for people under the age of 30 to work and obtain legal documents such as: drivers licenses and social security numbers without the threat of deportation. Of the 673,417 who have applied 553,197 have been approved. Even if they are denied temporary legal status no information obtained during the application process may be used for deportation purposes.

Barriers of DACA and Dream Act
One day living the Dream Act
Each year 65,000 undocumented students graduate high school, many at the top of their classes but unable to attend college due to financial obstacles or they are not allowed to enroll. The Development Relief and Education for Alien Minors Act (DREAM Act) would provide a way to obtain legal status for undocumented students who graduate high school. This would allow them to be an investment to the U.S. economy. They are an estimated 2.1 million undocumented minors in the U.S. eligible for the DREAM Act.
At this point the DREAM Act has 32
co-sponsors in the senate and two in the House of Representatives but has not yet been passed. As for DACA, it only allows them to temporarily stay and work within the country but does not grant legal status It also must be renewed every 2 yrs and requires a $465 app/processing fee.
Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)
Request for protection from deportation for up to 2 years
Can apply for work authorization
Must have entered US before age 16
Must have been under 31 before June 15, 2012
Must be a current high school student, graduate, or veteran
Pay $465 processing fee!
IL State Policy for Undocumented Students
Private scholarship fund for undocumented students
Created after the federal DREAM Act failed to pass
Allows families to participate in state savings plans
Provides training to school counselors to prepare undocumented students for college
Illinois Dream Act
Dominican's Policy for Undocumented Students
Tonight, President Obama will give an address outlining his executive order regarding Immigration Policy
Rumored to benefit undocumented families who have children who are citizens
President Obama will utilize his power of executive order to bypass the House and Senate
Policy Change Happening Right Now!
Jose Antonio Vargas
Ricardo Perez
David Guerrero
Full transcript