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Technology needs assessments:

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Asher Lessels

on 21 January 2014

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Transcript of Technology needs assessments:

How developing countries are identifying ways to scale up action on climate change
Technology needs assessments:
Technology needs assessments
Technology action plans (TAPs):

A group of measures to address the identified barriers to a prioritized technology
Project ideas:

Concrete actions for the implementation of a prioritized technology

TNA process
What is a technology needs assessment (TNA)?
Deliverables of the TNA
I. TNA Report
III & IV. Technology action plans and project ideas
Most Parties identified and analysed barriers to and enablers for the development and transfer of their technologies
II. Barriers and Enablers
Provide or expand financial incentives for the implementation and use of the technology
Increase the financial resources available for the technology
Barriers to the development and transfer of technologies
Within the economic and financial category, the most common barrier were:
Inappropriate financial incentives and disincentives
Within the technical category, the most common barrier was:
System constraints / inadequate standards, codes and certification
Barriers to the development and transfer of technologies
Within the economic and financial category, the most common barrier was:
A lack of or inadequate access to financial resources
Within the policy, legal and regulatory category, the most common barrier was:
An insufficient legal and regulatory framework
TAP to address barriers to the development and transfer of a flood warning technology.

Measures include:
Investing in the procurement of high-quality devices used in conducting water source surveys
Providing knowledge and understanding on how the system operates to both managers and operators

Total estimated budget: US $2,170,000
Examples of technology action plans
TAP to address barriers to the development and transfer of a solar dryer technology.

Measures include:
Setting up local assembling industries for solar dryer parts and components and enhancing the research and development of the technology
Formulate enabling policy, legal and regulatory framework for solar dryer technology

Total estimated budget: US $29,380,000
Climate resilient crop production technology

Establish a special agricultural research and development centre.

The project’s objective is to develop a research centre to develop technologies, identify technological needs and establish coordination mechanisms.

The total estimated budget is USD 6.25 million.
Examples of project ideas
Sri Lanka
Modal change transport technology

Integrate non-motorized transport methods into the regular public transport system

Activities include: infrastructure measures; amendments to the national policies and legislation, and research and development.

Estimated budget of USD 28.42 million over a three-year timescale.
Budgets of technology action plans
In total, estimated:
USD $5.2 billion for mitigation
USD $2.4 billion for adaptation
What are they?
Real examples
Most common barriers
Most common enablers
Barriers for mitigation technologies reported by Party
Barriers for adaptation technologies reported by Party
What role does technology play in addressing climate change?
• Advances sustainable development
• Addresses climate change
• Accelerates low emission and low vulnerability pathway
• Achieves climate policy goals -> 2 degree target
A set of country-driven activities leading to the identification, evaluation, and prioritization of technological means for both mitigation and adaptation, in order to achieve sustainable development ends.
The TNA project
Originates from the Poznan Strategic Programme on Technology Transfer

Implemented by UNEP/UNEP Risoe Centre and funded by the GEF

Project provided funding (USD $120,000 to each country) and targeted technical and methodological support to 36 developing countries to conduct TNAs

Countries started activities in early 2010

Project ended in April 2013

In their TNAs, participating Parties:
Prioritized sectors and technologies
Identified barriers and enablers
Recommended an enabling framework(s) (Technology action plan)
Developed project ideas
The TNA project
Participating countries
Most common barriers:
Economic and financial
Most common barriers:
Economic and financial
Policy, legal and regulatory
Institutional and organizational capacity
Budgets of project ideas
World map of Party budgets for project ideas
For mitigation, largest budgets for energy industries and transport subsectors
For adaptation, largest budgets for water and agriculture sectors
In total, estimated:
USD $12.5 billion for mitigation
USD $12.2 billion for adaptation
Budget breakdown
Prioritization of technology needs
Criteria to prioritize technology needs based on development related issues

Compatibility between climate protection and economic/social goals, such as economic growth or poverty reduction

Mitigation - which sectors could achieve the largest GHG emission reductions and national development priorities

Adaptation – sectors’ vulnerability reduction potential and national development priorities

Included multi-criteria decision analysis, analytical hierarchy process, cost benefit and risk-benefit analyses, optimalization models, questionnaires, surveys, interviews, stakeholder workshops
Prioritized sectors
Most prioritized:
Energy (energy industries and transport)
Prioritized technologies
Within the energy sector, the majority of the technologies prioritized for the energy industries subsector were related to electricity generation.

Solar photovoltaic and biomass/biogas were the most prioritized energy sector technologies.
Within the agriculture sector, the majority of the technologies prioritized were related to crop management.

Biotechnologies, including technologies related to crop improvement, new varieties and drought-resistant, salient-tolerant and short-maturing varieties, were the most prioritized technologies.
Linkages between TNAs and other processes under and outside the Convention
Possible input of TNA results into other planning tools:
Regional analysis
Prioritized sectors in technology needs assessments by region
Prioritized sectors in technology needs assessments by region
Comparison of the findings contained in the second and third TNA synthesis report
For the third synthesis report, it was found that:
Stakeholders have been more involved throughout the entire TNA process

More Parties have stated their national development priorities as a starting point for their TNA processes

The prioritization of sectors and has remained similar

The prioritization of technologies has slightly changed

The barriers for technologies have slightly changed

The enablers identified by Parties have changed marginally

Parties have prepared comprehensive TAPs as part of the TNA process

More Parties have prepared project ideas with concrete actions for the implementation of their prioritized technology needs

Most prioritized:
Question: Which technologies (top-down vs bottom-up approach)?
Coordination of the TNA process was carried out by national ministry

All 31 Parties mentioned involving stakeholders in the TNA process, particularly through workshops and expert consultation.
What do the TNA results mean for scaling up action on climate change?
Basis for preparing requests for support to the CTCN
Inputs into NAMAs and NAPs
Provide information about the type of support expected from the CTCN
Basis for providing guidance on TNAs, barriers and enablers, TAPs and project ideas
Provide information about what to finance
Financial mechanism
What do the TNA results mean for scaling up action on climate change?
Provide information on how developing countries have identified pathways to scale up ambition on climate change, both pre 2020 and post 2020

TNA -> Roadmaps for policy making for priority sectors for mitigation and adaptation

The prioritization of adaptation technologies for the coastal zones is in line with priorities identified by the NAPAs
Examples of linkages
TNAs play two important roles within the country:

Firstly, TNAs support the formulation of domestic development strategies

Secondly, TNAs help identify NAMAs
Results of its TNA project could provide input to the NAMAs that will be formulated to help achieve national voluntary GHG reduction targets
Monday 4 November, 2013
Technology sub-programme
FTC programme
Bert Van der Plas
Vladimir Hecl
Asher Lessels

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