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Transcript of Holocaust
Because Hitler committed suicide in 1945, the Germans decided to surrender and set free all of the Jews. Kindertransport The kindertransport first departed on December 2, 1938 in Harwich England. It brought 196 children over the Belgium and Dutch border to safety. Over 2 years, more than 10,000 children were sent without parents from Nazi Germany, Poland, Austria, and Czechoslovakia to Great Britain to safety. No children were accompanied with adults. Few babies came along, and they had to be carried by children. Almost every one of the children were Jewish. The last transport was made on May 14, 1940 from Ymuiden. Who Faught Against the Holocaust? The Jews created their own defense called the “Jewish Combat Organization” (Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa or ZOB). The ZOB first started July 22, 1942. Another organization started was called The White Rose. This organization had fought against the Nazis and Hitler as well. They were a group of students that got together from the University of Munich put on a graffiti campaign against Hitler, the Holocaust, and the Nazis. The students made leaflets saying why they were fighting for their own lives. Then, late at night they put the leaflets in doors and hung them around towns. Targets Many more groups of people than Jews were targeted: homosexuals, Poles (Polish people), Romanies (also known as Gypsies), transsexuals, the mentally retarded, mentally ill, the deaf, the physically disabled, and political opponents like social democrats. The Jews were the main focal point of the group because they were the largest to eliminate. Work Cited
"The Holocaust — How and when did the Holocaust end?." Hypertextopia. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2013. <http://www.hypertextopia.com/library/re
1945, the spring of, German leadership was dissolving amid internal dissent, with Goering, take power. In his last will, political testament, dictated in a German bunker that April 29, its helpers", urged the German leaders, with merciless resistance against the universal poisoners of all peoples"--the Jews. The following day, and he committed suicide. Germany's formal surrender in World War II. "The Holocaust — History.com Articles, Video, Pictures and Facts." History.com — History Made Every Day — American & World History. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/the-holocaust>.