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Lobotomy: Cure or Cause?

Why Lobotomy was Not the Smartest Way in Dealing with Mental Illnesses
by

Srobona Podder

on 8 June 2011

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Transcript of Lobotomy: Cure or Cause?

Lobotomy: Cure or Cause? Why Lobotomy was Not the Smartest Way in Dealing with Mental Illnesses Table Of Contents What is Lobotomy?
Earlier Beliefs
Sigmund Freud's Theory
How we Deal with Mental Illnesses Today
The Incredible Case of Phineas Gage
Major Psychological Failures
Statistics
Why Lobotomies were Not Smart What is Lobotomy? Surgery on Prefrontal lobes of brains

Performed to cure emotional disorders

First tested on dogs and monkeys

First Lobotomy in 1935 Lobotomy Earlier Beliefs Mental issues meant being possessed

Beliefs mainly found in England

Mostly women held with beliefs

Tested purity of the soul

Before idea of subconscious Woman accused of being a witch Sigmund Freud's Theory People have subconscious minds
consists of id, ego, superego id = desires
ego = satisfies the id
Superego = acts like a conscious Sigmund Freud How we Deal with Mental Illnesses Today Many more options
Psychiatrists, medication, therapies Psychiatrist Normal Life Gives patients a choice
Provides better alternatives
Patients can lead normal lives Walter Freeman Walter Freeman performing a Lobotomy The Incredible Case of Phineas Gage Railroad worker
Tamping rod caused explosion
Rod entered left cheek
Remarkable change in personality
Survived for twelve years after Phineas Gage Phineas Gage's Skull Rosemary Kennedy One of the greatest failures
Mood swings led to lobotomy
Lobotomized at age twenty three
Resulted in brain capacity of infant
Spent rest of life in institutions
Died at age eighty six Rosemary Kennedy Howard Dully Stepmother forced lobotomy
Nothing wrong with him
Lobotomized at age twelve
Went through institutions,rehab and jail
Whole life affected in few minutes Howard Dully Boy Howard Dully More Psychological Failures 1935- Anita McGee lobotomized for depression
Never the same again 1940s- Beulah Jones lobotomized for Schizophrenia
Lobotomy can not help Schizophrenia Schizophrenic Mind is Fragmented Statistics Do you believe that former methods, such as lobotomy, were better for treating mental illnesses than the methods used today? If so, why? If not, what method today is better or why? Why Lobotomies were Not Smart Too many side-effects and risks
Done for the wrong reasons
Used as last resorts today
Now called Cingulotomy
Scientific tests prove current methods
Mental illnesses can incorporate normal life That concludes the presentation.
If you have any questions, you may
ask them now before I hand out the
quiz. Comments about the presentation
will be accepted as well. Thank you for
listening! Fifty-two people surveyed
Full transcript