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Lobotomy: Cure or Cause?
Transcript of Lobotomy: Cure or Cause?
Sigmund Freud's Theory
How we Deal with Mental Illnesses Today
The Incredible Case of Phineas Gage
Major Psychological Failures
Why Lobotomies were Not Smart What is Lobotomy? Surgery on Prefrontal lobes of brains
Performed to cure emotional disorders
First tested on dogs and monkeys
First Lobotomy in 1935 Lobotomy Earlier Beliefs Mental issues meant being possessed
Beliefs mainly found in England
Mostly women held with beliefs
Tested purity of the soul
Before idea of subconscious Woman accused of being a witch Sigmund Freud's Theory People have subconscious minds
consists of id, ego, superego id = desires
ego = satisfies the id
Superego = acts like a conscious Sigmund Freud How we Deal with Mental Illnesses Today Many more options
Psychiatrists, medication, therapies Psychiatrist Normal Life Gives patients a choice
Provides better alternatives
Patients can lead normal lives Walter Freeman Walter Freeman performing a Lobotomy The Incredible Case of Phineas Gage Railroad worker
Tamping rod caused explosion
Rod entered left cheek
Remarkable change in personality
Survived for twelve years after Phineas Gage Phineas Gage's Skull Rosemary Kennedy One of the greatest failures
Mood swings led to lobotomy
Lobotomized at age twenty three
Resulted in brain capacity of infant
Spent rest of life in institutions
Died at age eighty six Rosemary Kennedy Howard Dully Stepmother forced lobotomy
Nothing wrong with him
Lobotomized at age twelve
Went through institutions,rehab and jail
Whole life affected in few minutes Howard Dully Boy Howard Dully More Psychological Failures 1935- Anita McGee lobotomized for depression
Never the same again 1940s- Beulah Jones lobotomized for Schizophrenia
Lobotomy can not help Schizophrenia Schizophrenic Mind is Fragmented Statistics Do you believe that former methods, such as lobotomy, were better for treating mental illnesses than the methods used today? If so, why? If not, what method today is better or why? Why Lobotomies were Not Smart Too many side-effects and risks
Done for the wrong reasons
Used as last resorts today
Now called Cingulotomy
Scientific tests prove current methods
Mental illnesses can incorporate normal life That concludes the presentation.
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listening! Fifty-two people surveyed