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surgery!

explaining steps to becoming a surgeon
by

Esther Aguayo

on 9 June 2013

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Transcript of surgery!

Surgery Surgery is a medical specialty that uses manual and instrumental techniques. Surgeries are done to treat or investigate any pathological condition the patient may be experiencing. They are also done to help a patients appearance. Surgeries aren't only for humans, they are also done on animals.
Surgeons are physicians that are certified to go through with this procedure. Elective surgery: would be scheduled in advance due to it not being a medical emergency. Some examples are Cosmetic surgeries, Vasectomy, and Hysterectomy.
Emergency: to save life or limb.
Exploratory: is to aid or confirm diagnosis.
Semi-elective: is when you must preform to avoid disability or death but can be scheduled to a closer date. Details Who will be in the O.R.? •Surgeons: known as the 'captains', there will be a 'senior' surgeon (a.k.a attending) and one resident surgeon(in process of completing residency training).
•Anesthesiologists: they are in charge with the level of consciousness, pain-medication, heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration.
•Nurses: (2-4) 'scrub nurse' they would be wearing sterile gowns and gloves, and help the surgeon during the operation by handing him/her the tools they will need next. 'Circulating nurse' they wouldn't be wearing 'scrubbed' gowns or gloves, they have the freedom of moving around the O.R. and outside the room. They keep all the paper work in order for that operation.
•Students(on some occasions): *Medical or nursing students will have the opportunity to observe and sometimes help with the operation.
**Medical students: will help the surgeon with simple tasks such as suctioning and 'scrubbing'. Educational Requirements Becoming a Surgeon will take a while.
-four years of undergraduate school and should be focused on the following courses:
-Anatomy
-Chemistry
-Math
-Biology
-Physiology
When you have accomplished to finish those four years of undergrad school you will be moving on to Medical school and pursue M.D. (medical doctor) or D.O. (Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine) degrees. The M.D. degree program curricula is generally divided into two years of foundational medical courses followed by two years of clinical clerkships. During clerkships, the students get to work directly with patients.
After medical school they go on to get their residency(3-10), and they get to get experience by licensed surgeons. These programs usually last 3-7 years, it all depends on the specialty that they have chosen. All surgeons have to obtain a medical licensure, and continue with their studies to keep up with the new medical advances. The typical day of a Surgeon The surgeons schedule depends on the number of doctors in that practice. They may be called 2-3 nights a week. They would wake up depending either to their daily schedule or if they are called in at 2 a.m., then they are on their way to help save a life.
The surgeon will consult with his/her patient before the operation to make sure they are feeling good enough to go through with it. Then the patient will be taken care of and be 'shipped' to the O.R., they will be put 'under' to help them feel no pain whatsoever.
The operation will run from 1-? hrs, it all depends on the operation being done.
Then they are off to save another life. Equipment in an O.R. The operating room can be a intimidating place, with unfamiliar equipment and people dressed in strange outfits.
-anesthesia machine; this helps the patient with their breathing during the operation
-anesthesia cart; contains medications, and other equipment the anesthesiologists may need
-Sterile instruments
-electronic monitor; record heart and respiratory rate
-pulse oximeter machine; measures the oxygen in the blood
-automated blood pressure measuring machine
-electrocautery machine; uses high frequency electrical signals to cauterize or seal off blood vessels and may also be used to cut through tissue with a minimal amount of bleeding.
1) $641,728 - Spine surgeon - Much like a neurosurgeon and trained similarly, except a spine surgeon probably handles more cases involving body deformities while neurosurgeons generally handle more surgery for tumors.
2) $580,711 - Orthopedic joint replacement - A subspecialty of orthopedic surgery gaining in popularity. Surgery involves removing the damaged joint, where two or more bones meet, and putting in a new one. Joins include the knee, hip and shoulder.
3) $548,186 - Neurological surgeon - Diagnoses and treats, both with surgery and without, disorder s in the brain, spinal cord, spinal column and peripheral areas.
4) $507,143 - Cardiac and Thoracic surgeon - Focuses on conditions of the chest and heart, including lung cancers and cancers in the chest wall and esophagus, coronary artery disease and abnormalities and congenital anomalies of the heart, its vessels and valves.
5) $476,083 - Orthopedic surgeon - Focuses on the treatment and restoration of the function of the extremities, spine and associated structures.
*salary per year Advancements in Surgery Salary Cardiology:
Median Salary; $272,000.00
National 6 yrs Practicing average;
$402,000.00
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