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The Political System in the UK

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Nadine Boguk

on 28 March 2017

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Transcript of The Political System in the UK

The Constitution
No constitution as a single document.
Written part:
different laws (Acts of Parliament) and conventions (judgements in a court), but they are not specified as such.
Oral part:
precedent, custom and conventions, unwritten rules and assumptions.
The Political System in the UK
Monarchy and its Functions
The monarchy is hereditary.
The monarch is:
head of the executive and of the judiciary,
head of the Church of England,
commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
The remaining powers are:
to summon, suspend and dissolve Parliament;
to give royal assent to legislation passed by Parliament;
to appoint government ministers, judges…;
to confer honours, such as peerages and knighthoods;
to remit sentences passed on convicted criminals;
and finally to declare war on or to make peace with an enemy power.
Government and Prime Minister
The Queen invites
the leader of the majority party
represented in the Commons, to form a government on her behalf.
The essential core is
the Cabinet
, the
20 or so most senior ministers
invited by the Prime Minister to belong to it.
Cabinet government demands
collective responsibility and confidentiality
Within the Cabinet the Prime Minister is meant to be
the first among equals
Parliament and its Functions
Parliament’s functions
today are:
to pass laws,
to raise enough money through taxation to enable the government to function,
to examine government policy and administration, particularly its financial programme,
to debate or discuss important political issues.
Usually it serves a 5-year term.
How a bill becomes a law
The Branches of Power
Elizabeth II
Theresa May
Buckingham Palace
10 Downing Street
Palace of Westminster
House of Commons
consists of 650 members,
is headed by the Speaker,
includes Her Majesty’s Government and Her Majesty’s Opposition (the Shadow Cabinet).
House of Lords
consists of about 1200 members (hereditary and “life” peers, the Law Lords and the Lords Spiritual)
is headed by the Lord Chancellor.
Nowadays the Lords are only able to delay the legislation, other than financial, but not prevent it.
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