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Craft Beers and Jesus

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Elizabeth Mortensen

on 8 October 2015

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Transcript of Craft Beers and Jesus

Racial and Ethnic Background
Age and Gender
Craft Beers and Jesus
Tuesday, October 28, 2014
Vol MMXIV, No. 5
Moderation is Key
Alcohol and Health
Is Alcohol Biblical?
Alcohol and Religion
Drinking is unique to every individual.
One drink a day for women. Two drinks a day for men.
Beer: 12 fluid ounces (355 milliliters)
Wine: 5 fluid ounces (148 milliliters)
Distilled spirits (80 proof): 1.5 fluid ounces
Alcohol's main physical effects take place on the brain, heart, liver and pancreas.
Over consumption and alcoholism.
Alcoholism-social drinker, psychologically addicted, physically addicted, hitting bottom
Binge Drinking
Alcohol and Depression
Two major explanations for alcoholism in sociology:
Individual Differences
Group Differences
Support for alcohol abuse.

Alcohol Consumption
Myths of Drinking and Culture
Americans like to drink. They are among the heavy drinkers in the world.

Americans of Italian or Chinese descent have one of the lowest rates of alcoholism in the United States because they rarely drink.

In the United States, the South has the highest level of alcohol consumption as well as the highest rate of drunkenness.

"Martin Luther's wife was a famed brewer of beer."
When it comes to drinking outside of the Biblical context, it typically tends to have a positive connotations.
-For all ages, drinking tends to be a social occasion.
However, one does not have to be religious in order to know when there is "too" much drinking.
- Religious or not, no one wants to have to deal with the negative consequences of drinking.

A Global Perspective on Drinking
Globally, liquor and beer have become more popular, leaving wine less desirable.

Alcohol consumption differs from one society to another.

More affluent societies consume greater quantities of alcohol compared to poorer societies.

Rich, high class societies use alcohol
, as oppose to poor, low status societies who use alcohol

Prosperous Western European and North American societies consume more alcohol than less developed countries in Southeast Asia and the Middle East.
Racial and Ethnic Differences
African Americans
- high rate of poverty, discrimination and deprivation, leading to low self-esteem and little racial pride. Less likely to drink, but more likely to become alcoholics.
Hispanic Americans
- higher rate of poverty causing heavy drinking.
Native Americans
- as a minority group filled with stress, they have more serious problems with alcohol and alcohol-related incidents.
Irish Americans
- highest rate of alcoholism in the U.S. that can be traced back to traditional Irish culture, where heavy drinking is normal and accepted.
Italian and Chinese Americans
- drink often, but have the lowest rate of alcoholism. They have an alternative to heavy drinking by consuming moderate, controlled drinks with meals.
Anglo Americans
- Hispanic value of machismo causes higher rate of alcoholism.
"People drink to socialize, celebrate and relax"
Secular Worldview of Alcohol Consumption
In the secular worldview, partying is seen as
something that is very enticing and appealing to be apart of.

College is typically the age where people really begin to get into the party scene.
-Peer pressure is consistently implicated in the excessive drinking of college students.

A major difference can be seen clearly between religious and secular view points within college campuses.

There are entire movies and TV
show series based upon partying
and drinking.
-It is seen as a glamorous life style
in most cases.
Social Learning Theory: When Drinking
and partying is seen in a good light people are more likely to learn that it is okay to behave like that.
Alcohol & Your Body (n.d.). In Brown University Health Promotion.
Retrieved October 26, 2014, from http://www.brown.edu
Bell, S., Britton, A., Kubinova, R., Malyutina, S., Pajak, A., Nikitin, Y.,&
Bobak, M. (2014, August). Drinking Pattern, Abstention and Problem Drinking as Risk Factors for Depressive Symptoms: Evidence from Three Urban Eastern European Populations. Plos One, 9(8), 1-10.
Capece, M. & Lanza-Kaduce,L. (2013) Binge drinking among college students: a partial test of Akers' socail structure-social learning theory. AM J Crim Just, 38, 503-519. doi 10.1007/s12103-013-9208-4
Crossway Bibles. (2007). ESV: Study Bible : English standard version. Wheaton, Ill: Crossway Bibles.
David, Hanson J., Dr. "Minimum Legal Drinking Ages around the World." Minimum Legal Drinking Ages around the World. Sociology Department,State University of New York, n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2014. <http://www2.potsdam.edu/alcohol/ LegalDrinkingAge.html#.VE-8cIefuOJ>.
Fawcett, B. G., Francis, L.J., Linkletter, J., & Robbins, M. (2012). RELIGIOSITY AND ALCOHOL AVOIDANCE: A STUDY AMONG CANADIAN BAPTIST YOUTH. Journal of Youth Ministry, 11(1), 45-63.
Fullwood, D. (2014, July 16). Alcohol-Related Liver Disease.
Nursing Standard, 28(46), 42-47.
Mayo Clinic Staff, . (2014, February 11). Alcohol Use: If You Drink, Keep
It Moderate. In Nutrition and Healthy Eating. Retrieved October 25, 2014, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/in-depth/alcohol/art-20044551
D. W. (2013). Reliance on God, Prayer, and Religion Reduces Influence of Perceived Norms on Drinking. Journal of Studies on Alcohol & Drugs, 74(3), 361-368.
Sprinkle, P. (2014, September). What Does the Bible Really Say About Alcohol?
Relevant. http://www.relevantmagazine.com/life/what-does-bible-really-say-about-alcohol
Thio, A., Taylor, J. D., & Schwartz M. D. (2013). Drinking and
Alcoholism. In C. Campanella, D. Musslewhite (Eds.),
Deviant Behavior
(pp. 330-360). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
Carey, K. (2001). Peer influences on college drinking: A review of the research. Journal of Substance Abuse, 13(4), 391–424-391–424.
Do Males or Females Drink More
Around the world, countries have varying age limits for drinking:
20 countries have no age limits
16 countries the drinking age is 16+
2 countries the drinking age is 17+
About 100 countries the drinking age is 18+
2 countries drinking age is 20+
8 countries drinking age is 21+

The prevalence of alcohol abuse (6.93%) and alcohol dependence (5.42%) among men is more than double compared to women (2.55% and 2.32%, respectively) (Grant et al., 2004).

Theories of Cultural Drinking
Merton's Strain Theory/Stress Theory- Individuals who experience stress, pressure, or strain from society to perform, can fall into drinking as a way of relieving stress.

Social Learning Theory- Individuals who interact with peers who drink moderately or heavily will most likely indulge in the same customs.

Sociological Theory(Group Differences)-
Three factors create high rates of
Culturally produced inner tensions.
Cultural attitude that says liquor is
great for relieving stress/problems.
Culture cannot find another method
of resolving tensions.
Evidence of Social Learning Theory can be found in the following article written by Michael Capece and Lonn Lanza-Kaduce, "Further, high rates of binge drinking correlate with high rates of vandalism, and verbal, physical, sexual and family violence."
"John Calvin had a stipend of 250 gallons of wine per year written into his church contract."
Biblical References
"Throughout Scripture, the production and consumption of beer and wine are often connected to the covenant promises of God" (Sprinkle, 2014).
Old Testament (Old Covenant):
Wine is a blessing
Deuteronomy 7:13 "He will love you, bless you, and multiply you. He will also bless the fruit of your womb and the fruit of our ground, your grain and your wine and your oil..."
Deuteronomy 11:13-14 "And if you will indeed obey my commandments that I command you today, to love the LORD your God, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul, he will give the rain for your land in its season, the early rain and the later rain, that you may gather in you grain, and your wine and your oil."
The absence of wine is a curse
Deuteronomy 28:39 "You shall plant vineyards and dress them, but you shall neither drink of the wine nor gather the grapes, for the worm shall eat them."
Deuteronomy 28:51 "it shall eat the offspring of your cattle and the fruit on your ground, until you are destroyed; it also shall not leave you grain, wine, or oil, the increase of your herds of the young of your flock, until they have caused you to perish."

New Testament (New Covenant):
Isaiah 25:6 "On this mountain the LORD of hosts will make for all peoples a fest of rich food, a fest of well-aged wine, of rich food full of marrow, of aged wine well refined."
Amos 9:14 "I will restore the fortunes of my people Israel, and they shall rebuild the ruined cities and inhabit them; they shall plant vineyards and drink their wine, and they shall make gardens and eat their fruit."
Joel 3:18 "And in that day the mountains shall drip with sweet wine..."; 2:19 "The Lord answered and said to his people, 'Behold, I am sending to you grain, wine, and oil, and you will be satisfied..."; 2:24 "...the vats shall overflow with wine and oil."
John 2:1-10 "The Wedding at Cana"
Luke 22:14-23 "Institution of the Lord's Supper" (Crossway Bibles, 2007)
"Although a good beer and rich wine are blessings from God, they should be consumed with caution" (Sprinkle, 2014).
"But moderate, intentional, celebratory and reflective drinking of wine and beer, which contemplates the crucified and risen King and anticipates our future glory, is rooted in the grace that poured from Christ's veins on Calvary" (Sprinkle, 2014).
{"The Hebrew word for 'strong drink,' shakar, refers to fermented barley, which is why some translations call it 'beer'" (Sprinkle, 2014).}
However, in moderate levels of consumption, wine and beer was encouraged.

There are clear instructions to NOT get drunk off of wine or beer (strong drink):
Isaiah 5:11 "Woe to those who rise early in the morning, that they may run after strong drink, who tarry late into the evening as wine inflames them!"
Isaiah 5:22 "Woe to those who are heroes at drinking wine, and valiant men in mixing strong drink,..."
Ephesians 5:18 "And do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery, but be filled with the Spirit."
Titus 2:2-3 "Older men are to be sober-minded... Older women likewise are to be reverent in behavior, not slanderers or slaves to much wine."
Isaiah 28:7 "These also reel with wine and stagger with strong drink; the priest and the prophet reel with strong drink, they are swallowed by wine they stagger with strong drink, they reel in vision, they stumble in giving judgement."
Proverbs 20:1 "Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler, and whoever is led astray by it is not wise."
Present Day Christian Perspectives
“For instance, whereas mainline United Methodists withdrew their opposition in the use of alcohol in 1968, the Southern Baptist Convention in 2006 reiterated its ‘total opposition to the manufacturing, advertising, distributing and consuming of alcoholic beverages’” (Fawcett, Francis, Linkletter, & Robbins, 2012).
Early Christian History Alcohol Usage:
"...the Guinness family created their renowned Irish Stout as an act of worship to Jesus."
Social Learning Theory
Differential Identification
: "...an individual’s behavior is governed more greatly by the groups the individual identifies with or refers to in seeking appropriate normative behavior" (NEIGHBORS, C., BROWN, G. A., DIBELLO, A. M., RODRIGUEZ, L. M., & FOSTER, D. W, 2013)
--Therefore, “The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health found that public (i.e., religious attendance and affiliation) and private (i.e., private prayer and personal importance of religion) religiousness served as a protective mechanism against substance use”.
--There remains to be a negative association, by both the Christian church and the secular culture, between the drinking of alcohol in relation with scriptural teachings of the Bible.
---Traditional associations remain imbedded within society
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