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The Mayans

Tells about the ancient Mayas.
by

Samantha Giovannini

on 12 May 2016

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Transcript of The Mayans

By: Samantha G. and Nicole S. The Ancient Mayans Mayan Civilization The Ancient Mayan Civilization started in 500 B.C. and ended A.D. 900. Mayans dominated a large part of Mexico and Central America. What are now known as "lost cities" were once full, colorful cities built by the Ancient Mayan people. The farms they built were bursting with maize (corn) and people were all around. Mayan Government Religion The Mayans believed in many gods and goddesses, including a rain god, a moon goddess, and a sun god. They believed that the different gods and goddesses caused different things, such as the rain god caused rain and thunderstorms. The Mayans believed that their gods and goddesses liked sacrifices, especially human ones. Even though they had a priest, they did not have a church. Priests decided when sacrifices were necessary. If they were, the sacrificed body parts were tossed into a pit of some sort. Mayan Culture As you can now see, the Mayas were very unique people who led very interesting lives. You can still go see the ruins of the ancient Maya cities such as Copan and Tikal. They are found throughout Central America and Mexico. The Mayans still play a big part in our life today, and it should be obvious how and why. Each Mayan city had its own king, called a "K'uhul Ajaw". The king, with some help of the priests and nobles, ruled the city. To become a king, one had to be a successful warrior, ceremony conductor, and religious leader. Hopefully, if the person got the job, they would succeed, because if the king failed, the city failed, too. Economy For the Mayas, economy was a mixed system combining free market trade and direct government control. They functioned on a simple supply and demand system. It was centered mostly around food and drinks, but they sometimes included raw materials, manufactured goods, and services. Trade was a crucial part of Maya life. The Mayans built pyramids to be used as temples and tombs. The Mayans used hieroglyphics to read and write. They were some of the first people to make a successful calendar. Agriculture was a HUGE part of Mayan culture, too. After a quick breakfast of corn porridge, farmers would go work all day long in the fields harvesting maize. The women would grind the maize into flour to make tortillas, which were then served with meat and veggies. In their free time, they played a sacred ball game in the ball court. The game was a mixture of basketball, volleyball, and soccer. Mayans also sculpted pottery, wove cloth, and studied stars. Wrapping Up Bibliography Latin America and Canada-By: James A. Banks
Ancient Maya-By: Anita Ganeri
The Maya-By: Nadia Kirkpatrick
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trade_in_Maya_civilization Mayan Map
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