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Preterite vs. Imperfect

preterite & imperfect Spanish verbs information
by

nathan fishnick

on 26 February 2011

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Transcript of Preterite vs. Imperfect

Preterite & Imperfect By: Nathan Fishnick
& Drew Stevens similarities They are both forms of Spanish past-tense verbs.
Both keep the stem of the word (except for irregulars) Differences Preterite
Conjugation 'ar' verbs
Yo = é
tú = aste
usted/él/ella = ó
nosotros = amos
vosotros = asteis
ustedes/ellos/ellas = aron Preterite verbs involve actions that have been completed
Imperfect verbs were ongoing in the past. Preterite verbs have a specific beginning & ending time.
Imperfect verbs don't have definite beginnings or ending. 'Er,Ir' Verbs
Yo = í
Tú = iste
Usted/él/ella = ió
Nosotros = imos
Vosotros = isteis
Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas = ieron tener
Yo = tuve
Tú = tuviste
uster/él/ella = tuvo
nosotros = tuvimos
vosotros = tuvisteis
ustedes/ellos/ellas = tuvieron Irregulars in Preterite Ir
yo = fui
Tú = fuiste
usted/él/ella = fue
Nosotros = Fuimos
Vosotros = Fuisteis
Ustedes/ellos/ellas = fueron estar
yo = estuve
Tú = estuviste
usted/él/ella = estuvo
nosotros = estuvimos
vosotros = estuvisteis
ustedes/ellos/ellas = estuvieron Imperfect conjugation 'ar' verbs
yo = aba
tú = abas
usted/él/ella = aba
nosotros = ábamos
Vosotros = abais
Ustedes/ellos/ellas = aban 'er/ir' verbs
yo = ía
Tú = ías
Usted/él/ella = ía
Nosotros = íamos
vosotros = íais
Ustedes/ellos/ellas = ían irregulars in imperfect Ir
Yo = iba
tú = ibas
Usted/él/ella = iba
Nosotros = íbamos
Vosotros = ibais
Ustedes/ellos/ellas = iban ser
yo = era
tú = eras
usted/él/ella = era
Nosotros = éramos
Vosotros = erais
Ustedes/ellos/ellas = eran ver
Yo = veía
Tú = veías
Usted/él/ella = veía
Nosotros = veíamos
Vosotros = veíais
Ustedes/Ellos/ellas = Veían Imperfect example sentences I used to be nice when i was little =
era amable de niño. preterite example sentences I worked yesterday =
trabajé ayer bibliography
http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/pretimp1.htm
http://www.drlemon.com/Grammar/pretvsimp.html
http://spanish.about.com/od/verbtenses/a/two_past_tenses.htm
http:// I ate cereal at five =
Comí el cereal a las cinco. I used to go to the library once a week when i was five =
Iba a la biblioteca una vez por semana cuando tenia cinco años Summary El Fin Preterite & imperfect verbs have only a few similarities.
Their differences determine when to use them.
Preterite conjugations have only minor changes in all verb endings. Irregular preterite verbs include tener, ir, and estar.
Imperfects will end in either 'ia's or 'aba's.
Imperfect irregulars include ver, ir, and ser. The imperfect tense is used to set a scene.
Preterite is used to name completed actions in the past.
Stories in the scene will use preterite. Preterite and imprefect verbs both deal with the past.
Imprefect is used to set a scene and is ongoing.
Preterite is used when you are listing completed actions and are finished.
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