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Transcript of Medieval
On October 1347 the ships returned along with a crew dying from the plague.
The disease was spread by rats, fleas, other infected humans and quickly infected Europe, killing one-third of Europe’s population. Battle of Hastings The Battle of Hastings was caused by a dispute over the thrown.
When Edward, the King of England died, Harold Godwinson was given the thrown that Edward had offered William shortly before his death.
On October 14 1066 William landed his troops on the beach of Pevensey where him and his troops defeated the Saxon army.
William was then crowned King of England on Christmas day 1066 and continued his rule for the next 21 years.
His rule lead to many changes in culture, customs, and in changes in language. Beginning of Feudalism The Crusades Religious war between the Catholics and Muslims, largely fighting for the holy land of Jerusalem.
Sacred city to those in Christianity, Judaism, and Islam
First crusade started in 1095, the last major crusade ended around 1272
Catholics were successful during the first couple of crusades, but began to falter in the later crusades.
Had a great impact on trade, possible way that art/music from different cultures were exchanged Magna Carta 1215, required the King John of England to proclaim certain liberties as well as limit his power by forcing him to operate within the law.
Forced upon the King by his barons during a rebellion in which they fought for their liberties opposed to rallying around another potential replacement king
Significant influence on the future United States Constitution Prior to 1400s Medieval Period Began during the middle ages after the battle of Hastings in 1066.
It was established by King William the Conqueror.
In the Feudal system the King handed out land to his most important nobles, barons, and bishops in exchange of land for military service and allegiance.
The Peasants were offered protection in exchange for working in the kings lands Significant Historical Events Composers Giotto Di Bondone Phillippe de Vitry 1291-1361
Born in Paris, France
French music theorist, poet, and composer
New innovations made in music
new method of measuring rhythm (Ars Nova)
Highly involved with politics
served Charles IV, Phillipe VI, Jean II Johannes Ciconia 1370-1411
Franco-Flemish (French Speaking
Composer of vocal music
most of this happened in Italy
He composed in many music in all the genres of music (mass movement, motets, canons, virelais, madrigals, ballatas, etc...)
Transition between Medieval and Renaissance Artists Cimabue Hildegard Von Bingen 1098-1179
Born in Germany
Founded her own Monastery
Wrote poems, books, songs, and a play
considered "one of the most important 1291-1361 Characteristics Important figures were usually shown as larger than others Before 1251-1302
Born in Italy
Painter and Mosaicist
Considered to be last Italian artist in the Byzantine style 1267-1337
Born in Italy
Cimabue was his mentor
He was part of the movement away from Byzantine style. John Dunstable 1390-1453
He was an English composer that was known for creating sweeter harmonies and gentle, asymmetrical rhythms during the Middle Ages and into the Renaissance.
He was a great influence on continental European music and inspired work of other leading medieval composers such as Guillame Dufay and Gilles Binchois. Perotin
(Perotinus Magister) Lived from around the end of the 12th century to the beginning of the 13th
Only known to day because of an English student at Notre Dame (Paris) known as Anonymous IV
Key Characteristics: His music featured multiple voices apposed to previous music that only had one main voice Lorenzo Ghiberti 1378-1455
Main work was a a sculpture
Named the Gates of Paradise
Created for the Baptistery of the cathedral in Florence, Italy
The 10 panels are based on the Old Testament
Key Characteristics: Use of the Bible within his work Andre Beauneveu 1335-1403
Sculptor and painter
He made the tombs for King Charles V (1336) and his effigies
Later employed by King Charles's brother Jean, Duc de Berry
His work was in Gothic style Simone Martini 1280-1344
His paintings were known for showing three-dimensional space
His work was also known for showing great emotion
Gothic style artist 1. 2. Figures look stiff with little sense of movement 3. Fully clothed 4. 7. 5. 10. 6. 8. 9. Faces were serious and showed little emotion Flat and two dimensional Backgrounds were usually one color Sacred
Masses Secular Ars Nova Music didn't really have many similarities References http://www.britannica.com/