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Constructivist Learning Theory
Transcript of Constructivist Learning Theory
Learning Theory: Constructivism
Materials: Tape and construction paper strips in 4 colors (blue, yellow, green, red)
you are not allowed to ask questions
In a group of 3 and 4 people constuct a chain so that you have 4 links of each color.
"Education, therefore, is a process of living and not a preparation for future living"
Construction paper strips in four colors
Blue - Constructivism
Red - Collaborative
Yellow - Hands On
Green - Scaffolding
Make a one complete chain that includes four (4) links in every color; 4 blue, 4 red, 4 green and 4 yellow
You cannot ask the facilitators any questions
Make 10 groups of 3 to 4 people
David & Roger
Is the following statement True or False:
When applying a constructivist approach the teacher should not tell students anything directly, rather they should allow the student to construct knowledge for themselves.
most intrigued with developmental psychology
Coined the concept of the Zone of Proximal Development,
acquisition of new knowledge is dependent on previous learning,
New learning is dependent on things learned in the past, a
Learning is universal,
The best learning happens when “internalized” by language and culture
Hands on /experimental
American education and philosopher
Democracy and Education (1916)
Students allowed to think and articulate for themselves
An active learning environment filled with experience.
Students learn by pulling information from meaningful experiences
Assessment of knowledge better determined by creativity and collaboration than traditional assessments
“Every great advance in science has issued from a new audacity of imagination”
The Quest for Certainty: A Study of the Relation of Knowledge and Action
In class labs
Based on students actively participating in their learning
Students take that first active step.
Teacher acts as a facilitator
“learners construct knowledge for themselves---each learner individually (and socially) constructs meaning---as he or she learns”
Modeling a task
Carvin, A. (n.d.). Exploring technology and school reform: John Dewey and Lev Vygotsky. Retrieved from
Danielson. C. (2007). Enhancing professional practice: A framework for teaching (2nd ed.) Alexandria,
VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
Educational Broadcasting Corporation. (2004). What is the history of constructivism, and how has it
changed over time? Retrieved from http://www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept2class/constructivism/index_sub4.html
Hein, G.E.(1991). Constructivist Learning Theory. Retrieved from
Holt, L. C., Kysilka, M. (2006). Instructional Patterns: Strategies for Maximizing Student Learning.
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
Lam, F and Norman, A. (2011). The socratic method as an approach to learning and Its benefits. Thesis.
Retrieved from http://repository.cmu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1126&context=hsshonors
Marzano, R.J. (2007). The art and science of teaching: A comprehensive framework for effective
instructions (1st ed.). Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and curriculum Development.
OTEC (2000). Learning Theories and Transfer of Learning. Retrieve from
PBS Online. (2000). Only a teacher schoolhouse pioneers: John Dewy. Retrieved from
Warrick, W. (2005).Constructivism: pre-historical to post-modern. Retrieved from
Stems from Cognitive psychology
Not universally accepected, but is now recognized by cognitive psychologists as providing the most powerful framework for understanding how children learn.
Learning is an active process
Learners construct new ideas or concepts based on their current and past knowledge
Learning by making sense of the world based on information gained from interacting with the environment
Allows students to discover concepts, principles, laws, and ideas by themselves
Knowledge of Students
Knowledge of Learning Theories
students work with their peers to accomplish a shared or common goal
requires teachers to structure cooperative interdependence among the students.
5 Components of Cooperative Learning:
Roger & David W. Johnson
Cooperative Learning: A specific kind of collaborative learning
Socrates (469 BCE- 399 BCE)
Prior knowledge based questioning
Developed Critical thinking
Scientific inquiry used to test hypotheses and propositions
Beneficial for testing misconceptions
Sophists (5th century BCE)
Knowledge acquired through lecturing and modeling
Coined the term “constructivist”
Treatise published 1710
Arguably considered the original constructivist.
Theory of knowledge 1954
The child is a “lone scientist”
Roots in cognitive psychology and biology
What is Constructivism?
In your own words describe what you understand about constructivist theory and how you might apply this in your classroom.
mutual respect for peers and teachers
dialogue between peers and teachers
Student driven and inquiry based
ask thoughtful and open ended questions
Constructivist learning is based on students' active participation in problem-solving and critical thinking regarding a learning activity which they find relevant and engaging. They are "constructing" their own knowledge by testing ideas and approaches based on their prior knowledge and experience, applying these to a new situation, and integrating the new knowledge gained with pre-existing intellectual constructs
From Oregon Technology in Education Council