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Chapter 14: Learners with Physical Disabilities and Other He

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Tara Jermine

on 7 April 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 14: Learners with Physical Disabilities and Other He

Chapter 14: Learners with Physical Disabilities and Other Health Impairments
Neuromotor Impairments Cnt'd.
CP can also include motor and psychological dysfunction, seizures, emotional/behavioral disorders.

There are two classifications for CP, Quadriplegia and Paraplegia.
-Quadriplegia involved all four limbs in having a motor dysfunction.
-Paraplegia involved only the legs in having a motor dysfunction

Along with these classifications, there are classifications in movement that apply as well.
-Spasticity refers to the stiffness of muscles with involuntary movement.
-Choreoathreriod involved abrupt, involuntary movements that make maintaining balance difficult.
- Atonic refers to the lack of muscle tone, making the limbs move like jello.

Other Conditions Affecting Health or Physical Disabilities
-Muscular Dystrophy
-Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
-Scoliosis
-Asthma
-Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
-Acquired Immune Deficiency
Syndrome
Characteristics of children with Physical Limitations or Health Problems
Children with physical disabilities may also possess a special talent or gift which makes the characteristic vary.

Children may have congenital anomalies, an acute illness, chronic condition, an episodic condition or a progressive condition.
Classifications
-A congenital anomaly is a defect when the baby is born or though an accident or disease after birth.

-An acute illness can be very serious and severe,but with treatment (medication or hospitization), the person recovers. Generally is caused by a person with a serious infection or accident.

- A chronic condition is ongoing. With no cure even with treatment.

- An episodic condition occurs repeatedly with normal functions. it does not become more or less severe over time. Asthma is an episodic inflammation or air passages.

-Progressive conditions are those that become more serious and sever over time. It usually involves multiple complications.
Neuromotor Impairments Cnt'd
Epilepsy is a chronic neurological condition of a person who has recurrent seizures. It is caused by damage to the brain, the most common cause is hypoxia hypoglycemia infections and physical trauma.
With medication, seizures can be controlled.

-A seizure can last a few seconds to several minutes and can occur every few moments or once a year. Certain stimuli can onset seizures, but seizures can still occur unexpectedly.

-Seizures may cause specific movements such as blinking or twitching.
Neuromotor Impairments Cnt'd.
Categories
Neuromotor impairments are caused by injury to the brain or spinal cord. The injury could happen before, during, or after birth.
-It affects the ability to move parts of the body.
-Traumatic Brain Injury involves brain damage by an external cause.
-Brain injury can also be acquired through hypoxia- reduction in oxygen to the brain or its lining stroke, metabolic disorder or toxic chemicals/drugs.

When a child's nervous system is damaged, muscular weakness and paralysis are symptoms to the damage.

Cerebral Palsy is an example of a neuromotor impairment. it is a disorder,not a disease of movement and posture. It is caused by brain injury before, during, or after birth. it hinders the ability of the brain to deliver messages properly to the muscles. It causes difficulty in learning basic motor skills like crawling and walking.
By Tara Jermine and Adrianna

Children whose physical limitations or health problems interfere with school attendance or needing accommodations for learning such as special services, training, equipment, materials and facilities.
In about half a million children and youths, roughly 1% are classified as having physical disabilities. Of that, 75,000 are orthopedic disabilities
Spinal cord injury can occur before, during or after birth and can affect the ability to move/control the body below the site of the injury.

Spina Bifida is a congenital midline defect that is the result of the spinal columns failure to completely close during fetal development. It may occur towards the head or down towards the end of the spine. Since the column is not close, the nerve fibers (which is our spinal cord) can be pushed forward.

Spina Bifida often results in paralysis of the legs and sphincters in the bladder and anus from the lack of function. Catheterization is a way to control these functions. Neuromotor impairments are caused by injury to the brain or spinal cord. The injury could happen before, during, or after birth. It affects the ability to move parts of the body.
Educational Considerations
We forget that many people with physical disabilities can learn to do many or all of the things that most non disabled people do.

·Design adaptations in buildings, furniture, household appliances, and clothing
·Create a learning space that can accommodate wheelchairs and students using other assisted devices to navigate around the classroom
·Children with physical disabilities want to be self-sufficient and they should be encouraged to do so
·They should be taught skills they need to take care of themselves to the maximum extent possible
·Use textured mats under worksheets and manipulatives to stabilize work area
·Use drawings and real-life examples such as lunch counts and class lists
·Use adaptive equipment for posture: booster seats, arm rests, etc.
Websites
http://www.pva.org/site/apps/nlnet/content2.aspx?c=ajIRK9NJLcJ2E&b=8195739&ct=11939237 Resources for Educators http://aspecialkindofclass.blogspot.co.uk/ ­- This teacher’s blog features lesson ideas that come from her own classroom which is a special class for children with severe physical disabilities. It shows how to modify lessons for students with physical disabilities.

http://aspecialkindofclass.blogspot.com/2012/03/calendar-time.html- From same teacher’s blog from above—this is how she does calendar time in her classroom.
http://www.pva.org/site/apps/nlnet/content2.aspx?c=ajIRK9NJLcJ2E&b=8195739&ct=11939237 Resources for Educators http://aspecialkindofclass.blogspot.co.uk/ ­- This teacher’s blog features lesson ideas that come from her own classroom which is a special class for children with severe physical disabilities. It shows how to modify lessons for students with physical disabilities.

http://aspecialkindofclass.blogspot.com/2012/03/calendar-time.html- From same teacher’s blog from above—this is how she does calendar time in her classroom.
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