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Education

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Kristian Kurt Amaba

on 22 February 2017

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Transcript of Education

Education
Topic:
1. Meaning and importance of education in society: Formal and non-formal education.
2. Sociology perspective in education: Manifest and latent functions of education.
3. Goals and functions of education in the twenty-first century world: Productive citizenry and self-actualization.
4. Primarily education as a human right.
Meaning and importance of education in society: Formal and non-formal education.
“The illiterate of the twenty-first century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn.” By Alvin Toffler.
Formal Education
 is based in the classroom and provided by trained teaching and non-teaching personnel. It has an approved curriculum, which includes the course outline, the prescribed number of sessions to finish the lessons and authentic assessments and outputs.
Functions of education towards individual
Functions of education towards society:
Indian Constitution has introduced the term ‘equality’ because we are not getting equal opportunities in all aspects. Through education, we are taught the value of giving equal opportunities in all aspects regardless of caste, creed, color, sex, and religion.
Functions of education towards nation:
Education helps for bringing about total national development by developing all aspects i.e. social, economic, cultural, spiritual, moral, educational, etc.
Sociology perspective in education: Manifest and latent functions of education.
For example
Schools not only educate young they also provide mass entertainment.
In addition, Latent functions of an institution or partial structure may support the manifest functions for example the latent functions of religious institutions in the modern society include offering recreational activities and courtship opportunities to young people. Latent functions may be irrelevant to manifest functions for example the big functions organized by schools may not impact the purpose of the education.
Education
Is the social institution that formally socializes members of society. It remains a very important support pillar in society.
Also refers to the process through which skills, knowledge, and values are transmitted from the teachers to the learners.
 is an organized educational activity that takes place outside a formal setup. It is usually, flexible, learner-centered, contextualized, and even adults can take part in a non-formal education program.
Non-formal Education
Development of inborn potentialities
Education helps the child to develop the inborn potentialities of child providing scope to develop.
Education helps to modify the past behavior through learning and through different agencies of education.
Modifying behavior
Education aims at the all-round development of child-physical, mental, social, emotional, and spiritual.
All-round development
Preparing for the future
when a child completes his/her education from kindergarten to tertiary, s/he will be able to get a good-paying job where his/her knowledge and skills will be utilized. Here, his/her education would have eventually led to productivity and success at work.
Human beings differ from beasts. Men and women have the power to reason and think for themselves. We, as human beings, have the ability to adapt to our environment and even change it through education.
the whole personality of the child is developed physically, intellectually, morally, socially, aesthetically and spiritually. S/He is recognized in the society.
Helping for adjustability
Developing personality
Society is never stationary. It is progressive and dynamic. The child exists in society. It is in the social environment where the child’s personality develops. The old traditions, customs are preserved and transmitted with the situations, which are ever changing. We should not think or follow in the blind beliefs, which are hindrances toward our development. Education keeps us abreast with the advancements in science and technology.
Education is a life-long process. Life is education and education is life. Life is full of experiences. One cannot live with his/her past experiences which are unable to adjust in the society. So, education helps the individual to reconstruct the experience and adjust with the environment.
The lack or absence of education among members of the society can lead to narrow-mindedness. Here, they have the tendency to fend for themselves at any cost. In worst cases, people may behave ‘barbarically’ to achieve personal goals. This can be corrected through education. The reason is that it allows moral and social values (e.g. cooperation, tolerance, sympathy, love, respect, and compassion) to be instilled among members of the society.
Providing opportunity or equality
Development of social and moral values
Reconstruction of experiences
Social change and control
Education allows members of the next generation to understand their rights and duties as citizens in a democratic country.
An individual’s leadership qualities are developed when s/he participates in all spheres of social, political, religious and educational activities.
Training for leadership
Inculcation of civic and social responsibility
We are living in one country having differences in color, caste, language, diet, dress, habits and physical environment. Educational integration leads to emotional integration. Education trains people for unity, not for locality, for democracy and not for dictatorship. Education serves the most important end of educating the man.
Total national development
National integration
are those that are intended and recognized. These are functions which people assume and expect the institutions to fulfill.
For example
Schools are expected to educate the children in the knowledge and skills that they need. The manifest functions are obvious, admitted and generally applauded.
are unrecognized and unintended functions. These are the unforeseen consequences of institutions.
Latent functions
Manifest functions
Goals and functions of education in the twenty-first century world: Productive citizenry and self-actualization.
refers to the idea that a citizen by him/herself must create the environment and opportunities to become productive. It is based on the logic that a productive citizen contributes to the overall betterment of the community.
For example:
Having jobs allows individual to fulfill their duties to pay taxes, and having families allow the society to strengthen its basic social unites.
There are two important goals of education for the individual and society:
is a notion proposed by Maslow that sits at the peak of his hierarchy of need.
Refers to the need for personal growth and development throughout one's life. It is the highest level of Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
Example:
“What a man can do, he must be”
Maslow listed several characteristics of a self-actualized people.
Productive Citizenry
Self-actualization
Self-actualized people tend to view the world with a continual sense of appreciation, wonder, and awe. Even simple experiences continue to be a source of inspiration and pleasure.
Self-actualized people have realistic perceptions of themselves, others, and the world around them.
Self-actualized individuals are concerned with solving problems outside of themselves, including helping others and finding solutions to problems in the external world. These people are often motivated by a sense of personal responsibility and ethics.
Self-actualized people are not spontaneous in their internal thoughts and outward behavior. While they can conform to rules and social expectations, they also tend to be open and unconventional.
Another characteristic of self-actualized people is the need for independence and privacy. While they enjoy the company of others, these individuals need time to focus on developing their own individual potential.
Problem-centering
Acceptance and Realism
Spontaneity
Autonomy and Solitude
Continued Freshness of Appreciation
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that everyone has the right to education. Education has to be free and compulsory at least in the primary level, whereas higher education should be made available on the basis of merit. Technical and vocational should also be generally available.
Education is a human right since this is one of the few avenues that can allow social mobility for everyone regardless of their background. The UNESCO has also laid down the premise that education is a fundamental human right. In fact, education is an important requisite for the exercise of other human rights. This is because education enables the individual to enjoy freedom, and this is instrumental towards empowerment.
Primary Education as a Human Right
“Education is a right, not a privilege”
Effects of Education
•It gives knowledge.
• It leads to career progression.
• It builds character.
• It leads to enlightenment.
• It helps a nation progress.
• It develops productive citizenry.
• It enables an individual to have self – actualization.
• It serves as a human right.
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