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Transcript of Louisiana Purchase
Louisiana is founded by France. 1718 1762 France cedes New Orleans and
Louisiana west of Mississippi to Spain. 1763 France cedes territories east of the Mississippi and north of New Orleans to Britain. 1783 1789-90 1799 Treaty of Paris gives newly
independent United States
free access to the Mississippi. Under the treaty of San Idelfonso, Spain gives secretly Louisiana back to France and its new leader, Napoleon Bonaparte. New Orleans becomes inaccessible to the United States. 1789: French Revolution begins. 1790: Slaves revolt on the Caribbean island of Saint Domingue, France's richest colony. Chronology Antonin Matero The USA wants New Orleans France's problems The negotiation The signing of the treaty and official sale The purchase and its impact The progressing of the purchase Slave rebellion in the Caribbean leads to loss of capital.
Napoleon decides to sell the Louisiana territory because he thinks it is useless. Thomas Jefferson saw that his country could not access to the port of New Orleans,an important port then.
He sent James Monroe and Robert Livingston to negotiate with France on buying New Orleans and they arrived in Paris in January 1803.
The price was estimated to be 2 million dollars. Livingston arrived in Paris to negotiate with the French Treasury Minister Francois Marbois about the buying of New Orleans.
Marbois talked about the deal to Bonaparte, offered the sale of the whole Louisiana territory. He requested them a price of 15 million dollars.
The two Americans agreed and asked Jefferson about the deal. The president decided to buy the territory.
Despite the unconstitutional right Jefferson was making about buying a territory, he still decided to acquire it so that the case of New Orleans could be over. Treaty signed April 30, 1803 Livingston, Monroe and Marbois in Paris, ceding Louisiana to the United States.
After the treaty, Jefferson asks approval from the House.
More than 80 % agreed, the Louisiana territory was officially acquired by the United States on October 20, 1803.
On the same day Napoleon came to Washington DC in order to confirm the acquisition of Louisiana. The Treaty United states doubles in size.
The territory is now divided into the states of Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, and parts of Minnesota, Texas, New Mexico, North Dakota, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, as well as a southern part of Saskatchewan, Canada.
Today, the United States has 50 states, and is the 3rd largest country in the world. Gallery Thomas Jefferson Napoleon Bonaparte Robert Livingston James Monroe Francois Marbois Sources -geographyabout.com
-loc.gov France sells the Louisiana
Territory to the United States,
more than doubling its size (828,000 square miles). Monroe, Livingston and
Marbois. 1803 Louisiana Territory