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Copy of The Literary Elements
Transcript of Copy of The Literary Elements
What are the elements that make up a short story?
The time and place of the action
The time may be past, present, or future.
The place may be real or imaginary.
A struggle between opposing forces.
Establishes the setting.
Introduces the characters.
Gives the reader important background information.
The events in a story that move the plot forward.
Involves the conflict and builds toward the climax.
The turning point or point of greatest interest
The outcome of the story becomes clear.
A time when conflicts are resolved and any loose ends are tied up.
The problem may be solved or changed and the story ends.
The series of events in a story that center around a conflict.
The people, animals, or imaginary creatures who take part in the action of the story.
The meaning or moral of the story.
Develop themes to express their ideas about life or human nature.
Sometimes themes are stated directly, but often readers must figure them out.
Use this link to watch a video explaining theme.
when a character struggles with him or herself. (Nobody else.)
Man vs. Self
Main character in the story
sometimes seen as the "good guy"
Usually has conflicts with one or more people/theirself
opposing force of the Protagonist
can be more than one
think Joker vs. Batman
The process by which the personality of a character is revealed through the character's speech, actions, appearance, etc
The author SHOWS you things about the character(s).
“Bill sighed as he looked at the offer of a gym membership. He really should join. But just thinking about it made beads of sweat collect at the top of his bald spot.”
“I yawned, trying to keep my eyes open in the meeting. I reached for my coffee cup and was disappointed to realize it was empty.”
“As Jane walked past the box labeled ‘Free Puppies,’ she furtively glanced around her, then gave the box a swift kick.”
The narrator (or another character) specifically tells you something about a character.
“Bill was short and fat, and his bald spot was widening with every passing year.”
“‘Jane is a cruel person,’ she said.’”
“I looked in the mirror and saw how dark the circles under my green eyes had become.”
when a character struggles with another character or an outside force.
Man vs. Nature
Man vs. Man
Man vs. Society
External Conflict: Man vs. Nature
External Conflict: Man vs. Society
Internal Conflict: Man vs. Self
External Conflict: Man vs. Man
Stand up and push your chairs in,
it's time for a.....
Now, answer the multiple choice questions at the end of your notes.