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Transcript of JAPAN
A country whose boundaries are drawn according to common ethnic culture
Yes, every citizen speaks the common language, Japanese, and the sense of nationality is every strong, mostly due to the Crown's influence.
Much discrimination against the Japanese who were born in other countries (due to the immigration of Japanese in WWII) is occurring. Though considered an issue, no violent acts have been taken by either groups.
The dividing of the country have changed from difference in social class, to north, south, east, and west, to the distance from the capital, to the equal distribution of politicians, to today which combines some part of the past boundary divisions
The mountains would tend to make the making difficult but Japan has figured a way to create boundaries independent of the mountain range.
Fragmented and Elongated state.
Being mountainous causes opposite coast to keep in touch; which is why most of the main populous cities are on the coasts. Most of the population can be found in the cities.
Japan is a unitary government with a constitutional monarchy. They have a emperor, Executive Branch, Judicial Branch, and Legislative Branch. Almost all decision making is decided by the Cabinet with discussion from the Chief of State.
Current Emperor (Chief of State) - Akihito (1990)
Current Prime Minister - Abe Shinzo (2012)
Current Deputy Prime Minister - Aso Taro (2012)
-Chief of State
-Deputy Prime Minister
-House of Councillors (Sangi-in
-House of Representatives (Shugi-in
[Prime Minister has right to dissolve House of Representatives at any time with concurrence of Cabinet.]
242 seats. Elected for 6-year term
480 seats, elected for 4-year term
Hight Court: Supreme Court (Saikosaibasho)
-8 high high courts (Koto-saiban-sho), each with Family Court (Katei-saiban-sho)
-50 District Courts (Chiho Saibansho), with 203 additional branches
-438 Summary Courts (Kani Saibansho)
Consists of Chief Justice and 14 associates
*The supreme court has jurisdiction in constitutional issues*
Significant powers are allotted to local assemblies, which are chosen by direct public vote, as are their chief executive officers.
Dealt by Local Government
- Social Welfare
- Land Preservation
- Disaster Prevention
- Pollution Control
"More than one hundred seats in the Diet are held by second or third generations of a family, as voter loyalty to local political families is often stronger than a desire for qualified candidates." (CultureGrams)
Other Political Parties
Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) - Kaieda Bari
Japan Communist Party (JCP) - Shii Kazuo
Japan Restoration Party (JRP) - Ishihara Shinaro
Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) - Abe Shinzo
New Komeito (NK) - Yamaguchi Natsuo
People's Life Party (PF) - Ozawa Ichiro
Social Democratic Party (SDP) - Fukushima Mizuho
Tomorrow Party of Japan (TPJ) - Abe Tomoko
Your Party (YP) - Watanabe Yoshimi
ASEAN (Economic) - Dialogue Member: Asian countries promising to prospure together as a community. "One Vision, One Identity, One Community." -ASEAN motto.
PIF (Pacific Islands Forum) - Partner: "We seek a Pacific region that is respected for the quality of its governance, the sustainable management of its resources, the full observance of democratic values and for its defence and promotion of human rights." - PIF goals. (Political)
ICC (International Criminal Court) - National Committee: A court used to take the biggest crimes against the international community to trial. (Political)
OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe) - Partner: "The OSCE has a comprehensive approach to security that encompasses politico-military, economic and environmental, and human aspects." (Military)
JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency) - Founder: "JICA aims to contribute to the promotion of international cooperation as well as the sound development of Japanese and global economy by supporting the socioeconomic development, recovery or economic stability of developing regions." (Economic)
Interpol - Member: "Our role is to enable police around the world to work together to make the world a safer place. Our high-tech infrastructure of technical and operational support helps meet the growing challenges of fighting crime in the 21st century." - Interpol (Military)
"Japan." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2014. Web. 10 Jan 2014.
"Japan." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2014. Web. 10 Jan. 2014.
"Japan." Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 08 Jan. 2014.
By: Debie Alarcon
- Habomai Group