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Johann Amos Comenius

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tegan Miner

on 29 February 2016

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Transcript of Johann Amos Comenius

Tegan Miner's Theorist Timeline
Johann Amos Comenius
(1592-1670)
-Believed in three reasons for educating Children: (1)Faith and piety, (2) Uprightness in respect to morals, (3) Knowledge of language and arts
-Believed learning begins at birth
-Believed children learn through play
-Believed that music is instinctive to children
-Believed that a child's first lessons in music were vocalizations
Jean Jacques Rousseau
(1712-1778)
-Believed children learn through concrete materials
-Believed children learn though constructive play
-Wanted children to enjoy themselves through music and not worry about musical notation
-Wrote the book titles
Emilie
Johann Pestalozzi
(1746-1827)
-Swiss Educator
-Believed children learn through discovery and observation
-Believed children learn their own rate
-Believed in the roll of the mother in a child's education
-Believed music should leave children wanting to sing
-Believed that children should sing at a young age and be encouraged to compose their own songs
Friedrich Froebel
(1782-1852)
-Developed the first kindergarten
-Believed early education set a foundation for later learning
-Used music as a transition method as well as a teaching aid
-Believed in teachers singing simple songs to children and encouraging them to sing along
-Believed songs chosen should be simple and short
Maria Montessori
(1870-1952)
-The first woman doctor in Italy
-Believed children learn through their senses
-Believed in having children listen to music and produce it rather than teaching musical notation
-First began work with mentally disabled children
Jean Piaget
(1896-1980)
-Developed a theory of how children develop cognitively
-Believed children's development occurs in four stages: Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, and formal operations
-sensorimotor stage: birth-2 years (discoverig the world through senses)
-Preoperational stage: 2-7 years old (language and problem solving)
Erik Erikson
(1902-1994)
-Believed children develop through 8 stages
-The first four years account for the early childhood stages

1592
Lev Vygotsky
(1896-1934)
-Believed children instruct their own knowledge of the world
-Key element to his theory included the Zone of proximal Development
-Focuses on a child's development as he relates to his role in society (environment and culture)

Jerome Bruner
1915-Present

-Believed children use three different modes to obtain knowledge: Enactive, Iconic, and symbolic
-Believed in four major features of learning that should in addressed in his theory of instruction: a predisposition toward learning, a structure of the body of knowledge so that the information can be easily grasped, an effective sequencing of the material, and specific rewarding children
Present
Music in early childhood education week 2
Full transcript