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Johann Amos Comenius

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tegan Miner

on 29 February 2016

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Transcript of Johann Amos Comenius

Tegan Miner's Theorist Timeline
Johann Amos Comenius
-Believed in three reasons for educating Children: (1)Faith and piety, (2) Uprightness in respect to morals, (3) Knowledge of language and arts
-Believed learning begins at birth
-Believed children learn through play
-Believed that music is instinctive to children
-Believed that a child's first lessons in music were vocalizations
Jean Jacques Rousseau
-Believed children learn through concrete materials
-Believed children learn though constructive play
-Wanted children to enjoy themselves through music and not worry about musical notation
-Wrote the book titles
Johann Pestalozzi
-Swiss Educator
-Believed children learn through discovery and observation
-Believed children learn their own rate
-Believed in the roll of the mother in a child's education
-Believed music should leave children wanting to sing
-Believed that children should sing at a young age and be encouraged to compose their own songs
Friedrich Froebel
-Developed the first kindergarten
-Believed early education set a foundation for later learning
-Used music as a transition method as well as a teaching aid
-Believed in teachers singing simple songs to children and encouraging them to sing along
-Believed songs chosen should be simple and short
Maria Montessori
-The first woman doctor in Italy
-Believed children learn through their senses
-Believed in having children listen to music and produce it rather than teaching musical notation
-First began work with mentally disabled children
Jean Piaget
-Developed a theory of how children develop cognitively
-Believed children's development occurs in four stages: Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, and formal operations
-sensorimotor stage: birth-2 years (discoverig the world through senses)
-Preoperational stage: 2-7 years old (language and problem solving)
Erik Erikson
-Believed children develop through 8 stages
-The first four years account for the early childhood stages

Lev Vygotsky
-Believed children instruct their own knowledge of the world
-Key element to his theory included the Zone of proximal Development
-Focuses on a child's development as he relates to his role in society (environment and culture)

Jerome Bruner

-Believed children use three different modes to obtain knowledge: Enactive, Iconic, and symbolic
-Believed in four major features of learning that should in addressed in his theory of instruction: a predisposition toward learning, a structure of the body of knowledge so that the information can be easily grasped, an effective sequencing of the material, and specific rewarding children
Music in early childhood education week 2
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