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Friedrich Froebel Contribution to Education
Transcript of Friedrich Froebel Contribution to Education
Part 4 1837-1852
In 1837, after a brief stay in Berlin, Froebel moved to Bad Blankenburg, near Rudolstadt and early childhood education. His Play and Activity Institute featured games, play, songs, stories, and crafts to stimulate imagination and develop physical and motor skills. The materials in the room were divided into two categories: "gifts" (gaben in German) and "occupations" or activities. Gifts were objects that were fixed in form such as blocks. The purpose was that in playing with the object the child would learn the underlying concept represented by the object. Occupations or activities consisted of material that children could shape and manipulate such as paper, clay, sand, beads, string etc. There was an underlying symbolic meaning in all that was done. Even clean up time was seen as "a final concrete reminder to the child of God's plan for moral and social order.". In 1839 the first wife of Friedrich Froebel died. In June of 1840, to mark the four hundredth anniversary of Gutenberg's discovery of movable type, Froebel officially opened the first Kindergarten. A long strip of land became an essential part of the Kindergarten where the children planted and nurtured flowers, fruit and vegetables. Kindergarten was a new word created by Froebel to express his vision for early childhood education. "Children are like tiny flowers; they are varied and need care, but each is beautiful alone and glorious when seen in the community of peers." In 1843 Froebel publicated "Mutter und Koselieder,", a series of songs designed to help mothers provide sensory stimulation and educational play for children from the first months of life. By 1847 seven kindergartens were established in Germany. In 1848 a further amount of forty-four kindergartens were opened throghout Germany. His first meeting with Bertha Marie von Marenholtz Bülow(his second wife) was in May, and the following year(1849) he begins training of kindergarten teachers. 21 June 1851, in Bad Liebenstein - at the age of 68, Froebel marries for the second time. Later on in September, the first England Infant Garden opens at 32 Tavistock Place, Hampstead. 21 June 1852, Marienthal, at half past six in the evening Friedrich Froebel after a short illness died.
The name Kindergarten signifies both a garden for children, a location where they can observe and interact with nature, and also a garden of children, where they themselves can grow and develop in freedom from arbitrary political and social imperatives. In 1837, having developed and tested a radically new educational method and philosophy based on structured, activity based learning, Froebel moved to Bad Blankenburg and established his Play and Activity Institute which he renamed in 1840 Kindergarten.
Part 1 1782-1807
Birth: April 21, 1782. Death: June 21, 1852. The sixth and youngest child of Pastor Johann Jakob Fröbel. Born at Oberweissbach in the Principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt within Thuringia. In 1792 a brother of his mother, who was Johann Christoph Hoffmann, took over the care of Friedrich when he was 10 years old. In the summer of 1797, when he was 15, Froebel moved to Hirschberg, a little town in the upper region of the river Saale in Thuringia at the border to Bavaria, to learn about forestry, valuation, landsurveying and geometry. In 1800 he became a student at Jena. 10 febuary 1802, Oberweißbach, death of the father of Friedrich, Pastor Johann Jakob Fröbel. Afterwards, Froebel works as a Forester at Bamberg. In 1804, Froebel studies Architecture at Frankfurt University. In 1805 Froebel began to teach in Anton Gruner's school at Frankfurt. In 1807 in a letter to his brother, he laid down his cherished plan of a school: "Not to be announced with trumpet tongue to the world, but to win for itself in a small circle, perhaps only among the parents whose children should be entrusted to his care, the name of a happy family institution;".
Part 2 1808-1816
Between 1808-1810 Froebel attended the training institute run by Johann Pestalozzi at Yverdon. Froebel left the institution accepting the basic principles of Pestalozzi's theory: permissive school atmosphere, emphasis on nature, and the object lesson. Froebel, however, was a strong idealist whose view of education was closely related to religion. He believed that everything in this world was developed according to the plan of God. He felt that something was missing in Pestalozzi's theory: the "spiritual mechanism" that, according to Froebel, was the foundation of early learning. "Pestalozzi takes man existing only in appearance on earth," he said, "but I take man in his eternal being, in his eternal existence." Froebel's philosophy of education rested on four basic ideas: free self expression, creativity, social participation, and motor expression. In 1811 Froebel studied at the University of Göttingen, and in 1812 Froebel traveled in Berlin in order to study mineralogy under Weiss and jurisprudence under Savigny. From 1813 to 1814 along with other Berlin students, Froebel joined the famous volunteer corps of Lützow's "Black Riflemen," in the Prussian army against Napoleon. He met there two lifelong friends, who supported him in all his educational endeavors; Langenthal and Middendorf. After the close of the war, Froebel claimed the fulfillment of the promise made to him of an appointment in the mineralogical museum at Berlin, and resumed his studies there, but always with the object goal of completing his own fitness for an educator, and even when offered a valuable post as mineralogist at Stockholm, he declined it as foreign to his educational purpose.
Part 3 1816-1836
In 1816 Froebel founded the Universal German Educational Institute at Griesheim. In 1817 he moved the school to Keilhau and is joined by his friends Langenthal and Middendorf. Froebel married Henriette Wilhelmine Hoffmeister in 1818. In 1826 Froebel published his first book, The Education of Man, which was translated into English in 1885. Froebel designed a large box of 500 woooden blocks, based on the one inch cube, including square columns between two and twelve inches long. Froebel was concerned that existing sets of building blocks discouraged discovery and creativity because they were highly decorated, realistic and lacked mathematical or geometric logic. Froebel also used these blocks at Keilhau to teach mathematics. In 1831 Froebel was invited to Switzerland to open schools and stays there for five years.
Friedrich Froebel 1782-1852 Timeline Part 1-4
Friedrich Froebel introduced the concept of gardens for children, where they could participate in all aspects of growing, harvesting, and preparing nutritious, seasonal produce. As educational tools, these gardens provide real world applications of core mathematical concepts. The Edible Schoolyard educates children about the connections between food, health, and the environment through activities which are fully integrated into the curriculum.
Quotes of Kindergarten
" There is substantial value in the exercises of the Kindergarten, which pleasurably bring out the active powers of the children - their powers of observation, judgement, and invention - and make them at once apt in doing as well as learning "
- Professor Payne 1874
Quotes of Kindergarten
"The kindergarten was essentially tri-partite:
toys for sedentary creative play (these Froebel called gifts and occupations)
games and dances for healthy activity
observing and nurturing plants in a garden for stimulating awareness of the natural world
It was a search for metaphysical unity, in which the potential growth to wholeness of the individual child within the natural world would fulfil an harmonious ideal within the mind of God."
- Peter Weston in The Froebel Educational Institute: the Origins and History of the College
Quotes of Kindergarten
" To Froebel belongs the credit for finding the true nature of play and regulating it to lead naturally into work.
The same spontaneity and joy, the same freedom and serenity that characterise the plays of childhood are realised in all human actiity.
The gifts and occupations are the living connection which makes both play and work expressions of the same creative activity. " - W N Hailmann
This star is called Fröbelstern in Germany. It is a popular decoration for Christmas trees, although not many peole know how to fold it from four strips of paper.
Beautifully presented in a triangular gift box, Swarovski’s sparkling Annual Edition Christmas Ornament for 2009 is a majestic eight pointed star.
The original building blocks designed by Friedrich Froebel for the first Kindergarten.
"The child at this stage of development strives to separate things, to take them apart, to change their form, but also to reassemble them. The child is intent on discovering inner properties of things and having discovered them, on recreating the whole. Nothing is more suited to this activity than the cube, subdivided into eight equal sized smaller cubes."
"The relations of form and size of the square and rectangle especially are here presented to the perception."
Froebel building blocks
Contribution to education
Friedrich Froebel is the founder of the famous Kindergarten system. Froebel was a devoted German educationist on the principles of pestalozzi, which combined physical, moral, and intellectual training, commencing with the early years of childhood, which is Kindergarten