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Experiments Performed in Auschwitz

World War 2 project
by

Cassandra Griffing

on 27 February 2014

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Transcript of Experiments Performed in Auschwitz

Who performed these experiments?
Dr. Josef Mengele
Prof. Dr. Carl Clauberg
Dr. Horst Schumann
Dr. Johann Paul Kremer
Prof. Dr. August Hirt
During World War 2, Nazi doctors working in Auschwitz did human experiments for medical research.
Questions for Reflection
1. What possible situations exist in the world today that resemble this situation?
2. How did the experiments affect World War 2?
3. How do you think the survivors were able to move on after these horrific experiences?
Sources
http://www.auschwitz.dk/eva.htm
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2279410/How-seven-dwarfs-Auschwitz-fell-spell-Dr-Death-The-hideous-experiments-carried-Nazi-Josef-Mengele-seven-trusting-brothers-sisters.html
https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/Clauberg.html
Dr. Josef Mengele
Experiments Performed in Auschwitz
By: Cassandra Griffing
Hour 6
What kinds of experiments were done?
Organ operations and removals
Blood experiments
Methylene blue drops put in patients' eyes (to make their eyes blue)
Removal of women's breasts
Sterilization
Injected diseases in patients
Electric shock therapy
Genetic experiments
Experimented on
Twins (mostly children)
People with physical disabilities and dwarfism
People with heterochromia (two different colored eyes)
Changing the patient's eye color to blue
Twins
When families came to Aushchwitz Mengele would look for twins. After he found children that looked unusually alike, he (or one of the Nazi gaurds) would ask the parents if the children were twins.
Eva and Mariam Mozes were one of many twins that were used for experiments by Mengele, but one of the few to survive. Later, Eva recalled:
"When the doors to our cattle car opened, I heard SS soldiers yelling, "Schnell! Schnell!", and ordering everybody out. My mother grabbed Miriam and me by the hand. She was always trying to protect us because we were the youngest. Everything was moving very fast, and as I looked around, I noticed my father and my two older sisters were gone. As I clutched my mother’s hand, an SS man hurried by shouting, "Twins! Twins!" He stopped to look at us. Miriam and I looked very much alike. "Are they twins?" he asked my mother. "Is that good?" she replied. He nodded yes. "They are twins," she said.

Once the SS guard knew we were twins, Miriam and I were taken away from our mother, without any warning or explanation. Our screams fell on deaf ears. I remember looking back and seeing my mother's arms stretched out in despair as we were led away by a soldier. That was the last time I saw her ..."

Mostly every day the twins had blood taken and sometimes injected with strange substances. Later, Eva describes injections:
"I was given five injections. That evening I developed extremely high fever. I was trembling. My arms and my legs were swollen, huge size. Mengele and Dr. Konig and three other doctors came in the next morning. They looked at my fever chart, and Dr. Mengele said, laughingly, 'Too bad, she is so young. She has only two weeks to live ..."
As adults, Eva and Miriam suffered serious health problems. Eva suffered from miscarriages and tuberculosis. Her son had cancer. Miriam's kidneys never fully developed and she died in 1993 of a rare form of cancer, probably caused by the unknown medical experiments and injections she was exposed to at the hands of Josef Mengele.
Since the twins were Mengele's favorite subjects they had special privileges that other prisoners didn't. They got to keep their hair and their own clothes and were fed extra rations so that they could stay healthy for the experiments.
Twins were one of Mengele's main focuses. He made experimental surgeries without anesthesia, transfusions of blood from one twin to another, isolation endurance, reaction to various stimuli. He made injections with lethal germs, sex change operations, and the removal of organs and limbs. He would often do this to one and not the other. If one twin died, he would still have almost an exact copy still alive. Once the experiments were done, the subject was either sent to the gas chambers or Mengele killed them himself with an injection.
Prof. Dr. Carl Clauberg
He did this by placing two x-ray machines aimed at their reproductive organs and repeatedly x-raying for several minutes.
The subjects were either sent to the gas chambers and later sent to a lab to be autopsied or died from the radiation burns eventually.
In June 1943 Clauberg wrote to Himmler about his experiments:
"The non-surgical method of sterilizing women that I have invented is now almost perfected . . . with an appropriately equipped office and the aid of ten auxiliary personnel, will be able to carry out in the course of a single day the sterilization of hundreds, or even 1,000 women."
Since he was part of the Nazi party, Clauberg's ambition was to exterminate all the jews, so he "helped" by performing sterilization experiments.
After they died (or this could have happened when they were still alive) their organs were removed and sent out to be examined.
Dr. Horst Schumann
Also worked with sterilization and did experiments similar to Clauberg.
Clauberg also did injections in women's reproductive systems.
These injections caused horrible pain, bleeding, and bursting spasms in the stomach.
The injections seriously damaged the ovaries of the victims, which were then removed and sent to Berlin.
The Nazi doctors saw the Holocaust victims as scientific subjects rather than human beings.

http://en.auschwitz.org/h/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=12&Itemid=10&limit=1&limitstart=1
http://www.websteruniv.edu/~woolflm/deathcamps.html
Pictures of Experiments
Eva, one of the twins experimented on is shown in this picture of children in audult size clothes.
These two twins were sewn together in one of Mengele's experiments.
These horrific experiments performed by Nazi doctors in Auschwitz made the Jews seem less than human. Not only did the experiments have to do with medical research, but all tied into the Final Solution (mass killing of the Jews.)
Schumann did similar experiments to Clauberg, but with men.
Full transcript