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The Colonies

The three regions of Colonial America

Rhiannon Corgan

on 17 September 2014

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Transcript of The Colonies

The Three Regions of Colonial America
The Southern Colonies
The Southern Colonies were made up of Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, The Southern Colonies were the very first group of English Colonies . The first colony, Jamestown, is known to be very successful from tobacco crops. This basically started the Southern Colonies, and the rest of them were all contained large plantations that needed slaves and indentured servants. The Slave Codes were written as a set of rules for the slaves, and the Headright System was also invented in which it let people from England sail on a voyage across the ocean for free if they worked without pay for seven years or a set of years . Every servant that was brought over equaled 50 acres of land to the payer. This is basically how the colonies started out in America.

The Middle Colonies
The Middle Colonies were made up of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware, These colonies were started out by a group of Quakers in Pennsylvania who wanted to be free of religious persecution. So, they started this new colony, and it became very successful. In New Netherlands (now present-day New York), religious tolerance and generous land grants attracted many settlers. The English captured New Netherland in 1664 and renamed it New York. Soon after, part of Pennsylvania broke off and became Delaware. New York and New Jersey were originally Dutch colonies, but were then taken over by the English and became part of the Middle Colonies. Most of the profits in the Middle Colonies came from cash crops.

The Northern Colonies ( The New England Colonies)
The New England Colonies consisted of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire. These colonies started when a group of Pilgrims left England, and were headed for Jamestown, but wound up in the colony that they created, called Massachusetts, which was very successful,
Many other Puritans who wanted to
move away from England settled there. '
Although this colony was pretty successful, government and religion was tightly knit together, so dissenters started a new
colony called Connecticut in which you could vote
even if you were not part of the church. Roger Williams, a
man who was forced out of Massachusetts started Rhode Island where church and state were completely separate. New Hampshire was also made this way.
* Virgina: Jamestown was established in Virginia where cash crops flourished.The people had a hard time surviving the winter, but thrived later on. Jamestown was eventually was burned down by Bacon and his followers due to conflict on land owning with Native Americans.

* Maryland : Was a place for Catholics and was founded by Lord Baltimore. When protesants moved in, they passed the Toleration Act to protect prosecution of all Christians.

* North Carolina: Cash crops were grown in North Carolina and indentured servants were more useful to colonists than slaves.

* South Carolina : Grew lots of rice and used many slaves.

* Georgia: Was originally established for debtors, but became rich with cash crops.

New York was originally New Netherland that was founded in 1613 as a fur trading post. Land grants and religious tolerance attracted settlers. English captured New Netherlands in 1664 and renamed it New York. For New York fur tarde was very profitable.

New Jersey :The English took New Jersey away from the Dutch in 1664. Fur was very popular in a diverse population. New Jersey had a religious group called Quakers who supported non-violence and equality of men and women under god.

Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn in 1681 to provide a safe home for Quakers. William Penn established and elected an assembly ,and promised religious freedom to all Christians.The Capital of Pennsylvania is Philidelphia, which means "the city of brotherly love."

Delaware was originally part of Pennsylvania and was also established by Quakers. It became a seperate colony in 1776. The region grew rapidly due to religous tolerance and rich soil.
The Southern Colonies-
The Northern Colonies-
The 13 Colonies of Colonial America:
Once the 13 Colonies were established, they were each divided into three geographic areas/regions. Each of these places had specific economic, political and social developments unique to the region.

Religion- English Catholics were being persecuted in the Southern Colonies; therefore, Maryland was founded as a refuge in 1634.Protestants began to settle there, and the Maryland Assembly passed the Toleration Act of 1649 making it illegal to persecute Christians. It was the first law in the colonies that proposed religious tolerance.

Relationship with Native Americans-
- No indians lived in Jamestown, Virginia when English settlers arrived there in 1607. Indians didn't live there because it was a swamp and indian- hunting ground. Colonists were given food and help by the Powhatan Confederacy of Indians. When John Rolfe married Pocahontas, peaceful relations were settled for a little while, but conflict between colonists and the Powhatan began in 1622 and lasted for 22 years.
-The Southern Colonies had a lot of cash crops and based very much on agriculture. Gems were located under the English settlement of Jamestown. North and South Carolina had many plantations and resources, as similar to Georgia. The Southern Colonies had warm weather, land grwoing seasons, and fertile soil.
The Southern Colonies had self-government and the English king and governor had the final say.The first law proposing religious tolerance in the colonies was the Toleration Act of 1649.
Most of the profit in the Southern Colonies was supported on cash crops and was settled under the London Company by King James.The settlement was very swampy, but tobacco grew very well with the good climate and fertile soil. Economy in The Southern Colonies was also based on plantations and slavery. The main crops that were grown were indigo, tobacco, wheat, and rice due to the easy irrigation from nearby rivers.
Labor Force (Slavery)-
The plantations in the Southern Colonies were initially worked by many indentured servants, but later, they were worked by slaves due to a shortage of indentured servants. Mainly, the colonies ran out of indentured servants and bought lots of slaves.
The Northern Colonies relied more on manufacturing and industry than on agriculture due its long winters and severe weather. The soil was rocky and thin, making farming and other agricultural things less of an option. Crops were barely able to grow; therefore, New England used other resources to make a living. They cut down many trees to make ships/boats and used whales for products.
Religion and government were closely linked in the New England colonies. Connecticut was founded by the Puritan minister, Thomas Hooker to make government more democratic. Men who weren't church members were allowed to vote. Rhode Island's government was based on the separation of church and state.
Relationship with Native Americans-

In Massachusetts, colonists met English- speaking Indians who taught them how to fertilize the rocky soil. Friendly relationships with each other helped the colony succeed, which resulted in the celebration of the 1st Thanksgiving. It was celebrated with the Wampanoag Indians.
Labor Force (Slavery)-
The New England Colonies made a profit from their trading with England and the West Indies. Due to the bad climate and rocky soil; farming, trade, shipbuilding, manufacturing, and fishing was an important contributor for the economy.
Due to harsh climate and rocky soil, there was little need for slaves, unlike the Southern colonies, the Northern Colonies mostly consisted of indentured servants . Slaves in New England were purchased by the rich as a way to show off.
The New England Colonies contained Puritans who wanted to reform the Anglican Church. They soon escaped religious persecution and founded the Plymouth colony. In the New England colonies, there was a court established that turned into a type of self-government. Government leaders were also church leaders. Dissenters that challenged the Puritan faith were punished or forced out of the colony. Most of the New England colonies were founded by Puritans.
Government in the Middle Colonies was similar to to New York's and New England's. The government was a county-town system. The Middle Colonies had counties governed by a board of supervisors elected by free men.
The Middle Colonies consisted of rocky soil and flat land. The soil was very rich, though. The winters were cold but farming was successful in the middle colonies. The geography here was different from the New England colonies because of its fertile soil.
The Middle Colonies depended on staple crops (crops that are always needed; such as, barley and wheats). Other parts of the Middle Colonies were highly profitable on fur trade. They had good climate and rich soil; therefore, the colony had good profits from staple crops ( crops that are always needed).
These colonies contained Quakers, members of the society of friends and a religious group that believed in non-violence, religious tolerance, and equality of men and women before God. They were persecuted in England. Religion grew rapidly due to Pennsylvania and Delaware's religious tolerance.

Labor Force (Slavery)-
The Middle Colonies had slaves, but most of the indentured servants made up the slave labor.
Relationship with Native Americans-
In the Middle Colonies, New York was set up as a fur-trading post with the Iroquis Indians, which helped settle peaceful relations.
The Middle Colonies-
The Original 13 colonies:
nothern colonies-
Background Information-
Background Information-
Background Information-
*New England- Is a synonym for the northern colonies. Many Puritans left England to seek religious tolerance. Their economy was based on trade and farming, but there was little need for slaves because famililies and indentured servants did most of the work. Education was important so that boys and girls could be able to read the bible; therefore their education was very religious.

Massachusetts- Many thousands of Puritans who wanted religious freedom left England in the Great Migration from 1629-1640 and established the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

Rhode Island- Established by Roger Williams, who was a dissenter that was forced out of Massachusetts. The governmant was based on the separation of church and state. It promoted religious tolerance and fair treatment to all indians.

Connecticut- Was founded by the Puritan minister, Thomas Hooker in 1636 to make government more democratic. Thus, Connecticut was founded by Puritans who disagreed with the laws of Massachusetts.

New Hampshire- Was founded by colonists spreading from other northern colonies.

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