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The Controversies of Aristotle
Transcript of The Controversies of Aristotle
Physical and scientific views influenced medieval scholarship
Began with death of Aristotle
Influence extended into the Renaissance
He believed that everyone’s concepts and knowledge was only based on the perception of the human being.
His philosophy lies at the root of many common vocabulary words
The Life and Works of Aristotle
Influence on Church
Aristotleiansim influenced thought of theology during the Middle Ages, especially Catholic scholastic traditions the Church had
Aristotelianism continues to influence the Church even today
To the Islamic people, Aristotle is known as “The First Teacher”
He also influenced Jewish religious philosophy
Born in Stagirus, Greece 384 B.C.E
No fatherly figure; raised by guardian
At 18, joined Plato's Academy on Athens
Remained for 19 years
Requested by Philip of Macedonia to tutor his son, Alexander the Great
Between years 356 - 323 B.C.E.
Tutoring of Alexander gave him many more oppurtunities and resources than in Greece
Established library in Lyceum; aided production of his books
Pupil of Plato contributed to his use of Platonism
Following Plato's death, shifted from Platonism to Empiricism
Died March 7, 322 B.C.E. in Chalcis, Greece of a rare disease
Main points of the conflict:
His views contradicted the Christian doctrine on creation
Intellect conflicted with the immortality of the personal soul
His Latin interpreter thought his DOUBLE THEORY conflicted with Revelations
Eudemus, also known as On the Soul - comparing Aristotle and Plato's views on the ideas in a state of pre-existence before humans
Nicomachean Ethics- materialism is needed to live a happy life
Phadeo- the soul is not 100% connected to the body
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Aristotle vs. Neoplatonic Philosophy
Church theology previously only familiar with writings of Neoplatonic philosophers who followed Plato’s ideas
Neoplatonic writings had already been translated into Latin centuries before
These new ideas were based on Aristotle as well as Jewish Muslim philosophers
As a result, caused controversy in the universities because they challenge the old thinking.
Theology II - Ms. Morris - Period 4
Alex Miller - Mollie Becker