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The Controversies of Aristotle

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Alex Miller

on 21 February 2014

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Transcript of The Controversies of Aristotle

The philosophy of Aristotle discusses natural science, poetics, metaphysics, politics, and the logic of everyday life

Physical and scientific views influenced medieval scholarship

Began with death of Aristotle

Influence extended into the Renaissance

He believed that everyone’s concepts and knowledge was only based on the perception of the human being.

His philosophy lies at the root of many common vocabulary words
The Life and Works of Aristotle
Influence on Church
Aristotleiansim influenced thought of theology during the Middle Ages, especially Catholic scholastic traditions the Church had

Aristotelianism continues to influence the Church even today

To the Islamic people, Aristotle is known as “The First Teacher”

He also influenced Jewish religious philosophy

Born in Stagirus, Greece 384 B.C.E
No fatherly figure; raised by guardian
At 18, joined Plato's Academy on Athens
Remained for 19 years
Requested by Philip of Macedonia to tutor his son, Alexander the Great
Between years 356 - 323 B.C.E.
Tutoring of Alexander gave him many more oppurtunities and resources than in Greece
Established library in Lyceum; aided production of his books
Pupil of Plato contributed to his use of Platonism
Following Plato's death, shifted from Platonism to Empiricism
Died March 7, 322 B.C.E. in Chalcis, Greece of a rare disease
Main points of the conflict:
His views contradicted the Christian doctrine on creation

Intellect conflicted with the immortality of the personal soul

His Latin interpreter thought his DOUBLE THEORY conflicted with Revelations
Aristotlelian Works
Works Cited
Eudemus, also known as On the Soul - comparing Aristotle and Plato's views on the ideas in a state of pre-existence before humans

Nicomachean Ethics- materialism is needed to live a happy life

Phadeo- the soul is not 100% connected to the body
“250px-Jupiter.jpg.” Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Web. 21 Feb. 2014.

Aristotle, and Richard McKeon. The Basic Works of Aristotle. New York: Modern Library, 2001. Print.

Boersema, David, and Kari Middleton. The Facts on File: Guide to Philosophy. New York: Facts On File, 2012. Print.

Carson, Thomas, Joann Cerrito, and Catholic University of America. New Catholic Encyclopedia. 1, 1,. Detroit; London: Thomson/Gale in association with the Catholic University of America, 2003. Print.

Copleston, Frederick C. A History of Philosophy. New York, N.Y.: Image Books, 1985. Print.

“Hst_mars_opp_9709a.gif.” NSSDC Photo Gallery Mars. Web. 21 Feb. 2014.

Katz Cooper, Sharon. Aristotle: Philosopher, Teacher, and Scientist. Minneapolis, Minn.: Compass Point Books, 2007. Print.

“File:Sanzio 01 Plato Aristotle.jpg.” Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia. Web. 17 Feb. 2014.

“Mercury.jpg.” Alpcentuari. Web. 21 Feb. 2014.

“Neptune.jpg. NASA. Web. 21 Feb. 2014.

“Saturnx_thumb.gif.” NASA. Web. 21 Feb. 2014.

“Uranus_voy2.gif.” Uranus Fact Sheet. Web. 21 Feb. 2014.

“Venus_clouds.jpg.” HD Paper Wall. Web. 21 Feb. 2014.

Aristotle vs. Neoplatonic Philosophy
Church theology previously only familiar with writings of Neoplatonic philosophers who followed Plato’s ideas

Neoplatonic writings had already been translated into Latin centuries before

These new ideas were based on Aristotle as well as Jewish Muslim philosophers

As a result, caused controversy in the universities because they challenge the old thinking.
Theology II - Ms. Morris - Period 4
Alex Miller - Mollie Becker
Jen Pennington
Full transcript