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Global Development: Group 101 Imperialism in Japan
Transcript of Global Development: Group 101 Imperialism in Japan
- Due to japanese culture and nationalism (ex: kamikaze) Slides: Motives
http://sc6214.wetpaint.com/page/1.2.+Modernization%3A+Meiji+Period+(1869-1912) Slides: Glory days http://www.history.co.uk/explore-history/ww2/pacific-and-philippines.html
youtube.com/watch?v=t19kvUiHvAE Slides: Success Slides: Collapse Bombing of....
-Hiroshima (Aug.6th, 1945, killed 90-000-166,000)
-Nagasaki (Aug.9th, 1945, killed 60,000-80,000) - Speech by Emperor Hirohito on "enduring the unendurable and bear the unbearable" Japan surrenders...
- military disarmed
- industries sustained
- occupied land divided 1 - Economic reasons
2 - To keep a distance from Western influence
3 - To gain security
4 - To gain respect internally (Nationalism)
5 - General expansion .. Japans Imperialism and Korea Japanese Motives specific to Korea:
- To advance their economy
- Bring forced labour to Japan
- To have a base to attack China from
- To have a base for further expansion Duus, Peter. "Imperialism without colonies: The vision of a greater east Asia co-prosperity sphere." Diplomacy & Statecraft 7.1 (1996): 54-72. df. Web. 28 Sept. 2012.
JAPAN, 1914-1945. (2001). In The Encyclopedia of World History. Retrieved from http://www.credoreference.com.proxy.lib.sfu.ca/entry/hmencyclwh/japan_1914_1945
Scaruffi, P. (n.d.). A timeline of Japan. Retrieved September 26, 2012, from www.scaruffi.com/politics/japanese.html
THE PACIFIC ISLANDS. (2001). In The Encyclopedia of World History. Retrieved September 26, 2012 from http://www.credoreference.com.proxy.lib.sfu.ca/entry/hmencyclwh/the_pacific_islands "[W]hen it appeared that Japan had fulfilled its colonial dreams, it concocted more..." (Huffman 2010) -Compared to other imperialist nations, Japan's experience with imperialism is unique
-Adopted Western influence (as well as keeping it at bay) establishing a modest empire in under a century At its peak, the Japanese Empire was occupying over 7,400,000 square km of land. (Asia Empires Throughout History) Image source: http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/pacificwar/index.html At the time, Japan was conducting offensives on Hong Kong, British Malaya and the Philippines under a mandate called the
Pan-nationaIism: Political solidarity between nations using ties of "language, race, ethnicity, or historical tradition as common ground for identity" (Duus 57) -Did they succeed in resisting "Western" culture? Yes and no...
-The public expressed both nationalism and shame in the actions of the Japanese government and military in its imperialistic actions
-Although Japan took heavy losses following its defeat in WWII, its run with imperialism left long-lasting benefits such as the influx in infrastructure during this time
-Japan's ability to mend damaged relationships and gain international trust following WWII has been seen as miraculous It was "opportunism disguised as national mission ... to justify a new phase of expansion" (Duus 60). http://espressostalinist.wordpress.com/genocide/japanese-militarism/
Huffman, J. L. (2010). Japan and Imperialism, 1853-1945. Ann Arbor, MI: Association for Asian Studies, Inc. The mandate was first announced on the radio by Foreign Minister Arita Hachiro on June 29th, 1940. The Empire at its Height: The Glory Days “In order to realize [the establishment of world peace], it seems to be the most natural step that peoples who are closely related to one another geographically, racially, culturally, and economically should first form a sphere of their own for co-existence and co-prosperity. The countries of East Asia ... are destined to cooperate and minister to one another’s needs. The uniting of all these regions in a single sphere on the basis of common existence and assuring thereby the stability of that sphere is, I think, a natural conclusion" (Duus 58). Image source: http://www.froginawell.net/china/2006/01/raise-high-the-flag-whatever-it-stands-for/ Auslin, M. R. (2004). Negotiating with imperialism theunequal treaties and the culture of Japanese diplomacy. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press. Retrieved from http://proxy.lib.sfu.ca/login?url=http://site.ebrary.com/lib/sfu/Doc?id=10312816
Calman, D. (1992). The nature and origins of Japanese imperialism a reinterpretation of the greatcrisis of 1873. London; New York: Routledge. Retrieved from http://proxy.lib.sfu.ca/login?url=http://ckrntandfebooks.etailer.dpsl.net/home/html/moreinfo.asp?isbn=0203414802
Park, H. O. (2005). Two dreams in one bed empire, social life, and the origins of the North Korean revolution in Manchuria. Asia-Pacific: culture, politics, and society. Durham: Duke University Press. Retrieved from http://proxy.lib.sfu.ca/login?url=http://site.ebrary.com/lib/sfu/Doc?id=10217225
http://www.mrdowling.com/706-risingsun.html FEUDAL SYSTEM
FISCAL AND MILITARY AUTONOMY
A TYPE OF MILITARY RULE PASSED ON BY THE SAMURAI DESCENDENTS FOREIGN POLICY FLIPPED AROUND FROM SECLUSION TO INTERNATIONALIZATION
ABOLISHED SAMURAI, FEUDAL RULE
SLOGAN: KUNI NO TAME (FOR THE SAKE OF THE COUNTRY)
GOAL FOR NATIONALISM, NATIONAL STRENGTH
GOAL TO BECOME A MILITARY AND ECONOMIC POWER POLITICS AFTER REFORMATION What did the Japanese Empire Consist of... “Japan is a mountainous country subject to natural disasters and with no natural internal communication system. Korea is a far flatter country with a high percentage of good farming land.” “Japan hoped that migration and settlement of Koreans in Manchuria would neutralize Chinese resistance, making possible a gradual diffusion of japans power” Image source: http://www.froginawell.net/china/2006/01/raise-high-the-flag-whatever-it-stands-for/ GREATER EAST ASIA CO-PROSPERITY SPHERE. SEGREGATED ECONOMY
EXCLUDED SELF FROM ANY EUROPEAN TRADE
EXCEPTION OF DUTCH LIMITED TRADE WITH NAGASAKI
FEUDAL SYSTEM WITH SAMURAI LORDS
PEASANTS WORKING FOR LORDS, PAYING WITH HARVEST AND KEEPING SURPLUS
EVERY OTHER YEAR, THE LORDS SERVED THE SHOGUN, WHICH STIMULATED NATIONAL SPENDINGS ON ROADS, TOWNS, CULTURE, AND TRADE What did the Japanese Empire Consist of... ECONOMY BEFORE REFORMATION ECONOMY AFTER REFORMATION What did the Japanese Empire Consist of... TREATIES IMPOSED IN 1850 THAT LIMITED TARIFFS REMOVED
STANDARDIZED, INCREASED LAND TAX
LOWER, WORKING CLASS OVERWHELMED BY TAXES AND LOW WAGES, BUT DRIVEN BY NATIONALISM
ECONOMIC CRISIS 1880, PRICE OF RICE AND SILK PLUMMETED, MANY BANKRUPT
THOUSANDS OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN DRIVEN TO POVERTY WORKING IN FACTORIES
WILLINGNESS TO WORK FOR LOW WAGES IN UNPLEASANT CONDITIONS HELPED JAPAN COMPETE IN THE INTERNATIONAL MARKET
ALSO CAUSED MANY STRIKES AND UPRISINGS TOKUGAWA BAKUFU YOUNG LEADERS (EMPEROR MEIJI 15 YEARS OLD) Slides: Empire H. O Park, - Two Dreams One Bed H. O Park - Two Dreams One Bed