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1984 by George Orwell
Transcript of 1984 by George Orwell
English novelist, Essayist, and Famous Critic
Born: June 25, 1903
Died: January 21, 1950
1984 by: George Orwell
Joseph Sepulveda, Chaice Weatherly, Grace Rogers, Doc Kassner
He entered Eton, the famous boys' prep school in England, as the recipient of a prestigious King's Scholarship
A distinctive feature or dominant idea in an artistic or literary composition.
Other Books by Orwell
A Clergman's Daughter
Keep the Aspidistra Flying
Coming Up for Air
The English People
A main idea or an underlying meaning of a literary work that may be stated directly or indirectly.
Hope Can Be Found Where Least Expected
Words are a part of one's identity and history
First literary success was a poem published in the local newspaper at the age of eleven
Composed his first poem at the age of four
Became fond of writing because of childhood sickness
Excelled in school
Orwell passed the entrance exam and joined the Indian Imperial Police
In 1936, Orwell fought in Spain for the Republicans against Franco's Nationalists. The experience turned him into a lifelong anti-Stalinist, inspiring his books:
Won the Retro Hugo Award for Best Novella in 1996 for his book, Animal Farm
Awarded the Prometheus Hall of Fame Award in 2011 for Animal Farm and in 1984 for 1984
Showing how a goverment could control absolutely every aspect of life, in their population.
Something used for or regarded as representing something else.
Shmoop Editorial Team. "George Orwell Timeline of Important Dates."
Schmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. 6 May 2015
Upper Class - Inner Party makes up 2% of the Oceania population.
Middle Class - Outer Party makes up 13% of the Oceania population.
Relates to the theme "Words are a part of one's identity and history"
Relates to the theme, "Words are a part of one's identity and history".
"War is Peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is Strength" (Orwell 6).
Winston says that the proles are the only hope for a better future
Julia and Winston's love affair becomes a sign of hope. Even though that was never anticipated.
Hope was found in O'Brien's face because it made Winston think he was apart of the Brotherhood.
Born in Motihari, Bengal
A recurring idea in the novel
Relates to a theme
Fear and Pain Can Be Used to Push People Past Their Moral Limits
The ideas of Newspeak take away words that one would use to describe their feelings.
"If there is hope it lay in the proles" (Orwell 241).
"Much more it was because of a secretly held belief...merely a hope-that O'Brien's political orthodoxy was not perfect" (Orwel 86).
"Here and there under the dirt there were the red scars of wounds, and near the ankle the varicose ulcer was an inflamed mas wit flakes of skin peeling off it" (Orwell 297).
Orwell was an anti-stalinist, which is where he got the inspiration for
to show what life would be like if totalitarianism were to become worldwide
Symbolizes Winston's difference.
The only difference between Winston and everyone else in the beginning was his varicose ulcer.
"Given, for instance, the word
good, there was no need for such a word as bad.." (Orwell 330).
Relates to the theme "Fear and pain can be used to push people past their moral and physical limits"
The Gin symbolizes the ways in which Winston is the same as everybody else in Ingsoc.
Winston drank the Victory Gin when he was the same as everyone else.
Winston stopped drinking the Gin when he rebelled with Julia.
As Winston rebelled, his ulcer disappeared.
Lower Class - Proles make up the rest, 85%
Ministry of Peace - Deals with war and defence.
Ministry of Plenty - economic affairs (rationing & starvation).
Ministry of Love - Law and order (torture & brainwashing).
Orwell mocks dictators with Big Brother.
Big Brother is always spoken of but never seen. The same occurs with dictators.
"Of course he exists. The Party exists. Big Brother is the embodiment of the Party" (Orwell 284).
"Of course not. How could he die?"(Orwell 284
"BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU" (Orwell 3).
"DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER" (Orwell 21).
Ministry of Truth - Art, entertainment, & history (propaganda, & falsification of records/history).
Refers to holding two contradicting beliefs
Give a better understanding of the author's message.
The underlying message of the novel.
"If there is hope...it lies in the proles" (Orwell 77).
Characters in 1984, such as Big Brother, symbolize figures in totalitarianistic government
Shows how the Party controls every aspect of life.
Shows how the Party has warped the truth.
doublethink is the exact opposite of what is said
O'Brein uses fear with Winston to make him love the Party and Big Brother
The Party uses fear to control its citizens
Give more insight to the characters.
The purpose for the novel.
Because of Newspeak, it becomes understood the imprtance of words
The Party causes the citizen's to be afraid so that they will obey even if it is against their morals
O'Brien uses a combination of fear and pain to cause Winston to abandon his beliefs
"I could float off this floor like a soap bubble if I wished to" (Orwell 290).
“Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past" (Orwell 35).
Author, George. "Nineteen-Eighty-Four." Nineteen-Eighty-Four. 8 June 1949. Web. 19
"Winston kept his back turned to the telescreen. It was safer, though, as he well knew, even a back can be revealing" (Orwell 5).
Children are used to inflict fear in their parents
"With those children, he thought, that wretched woman must lead a life of terror. Another year, two years, and they would be watching her night and day for symptoms of unorthodoxy" (Orwell 28).
"A world of fear and treachery is torment, a world of trampling and being trampled upon, a world which will grow not less but more merciless as it refines itself. Progress in our world will be progress towards more pain" (Orwell 292).
"Doublethink is the power of holding two contradictory beliefs in one’s mind simultaneously, and accepting both of them” (Orwell 234).
“The Ministry of Peace concerns itself with war, the Ministry of Truth with lies, the Ministry of Love with torture and the Ministry of Plenty with starvation. These contradictions are not accidental , nor do they result from from ordinary hypocrisy: they are deliberate exercises in doublethink” (Orwell 237).
"TWO AND TWO MAKE FIVE" (Orwell 303).
is George Orwell’s projection of a world in which democracy has failed and totalitarianism has taken control.
Orwell feared that World War II would chagne the West and eventually the world into a totalitarianistic state
is an expression of Orwell’s great fear
"The word well, for example, was replaced by goodwise" (Orwell 330).
"You think, I dare say, that our chief job is inventing new words. But not a bit of it! We’re destroying words — scores of them, hundreds of them, every day. We’re cutting the language down to the bone" (Orwell 57).
"Oldthinkers unbellyfeel Ingsoc. The shortest rendering that one could make of this in Oldspeak would be: ’Those whose ideas were formed before the Revolution cannot have a full emotional understanding of the principles of English Socialism" (Orwell 333).
"if all records told the same tale – then the lie passed into history and became truth" (Orwell
WWII has just ended.
George Orwell brought up the concept of a free democratic country becoming totalitarian.
"The flat was seven flights up, and Winston, who was thirty-nine and had a varicose ulcer above his right ankle, went slowly, resting several times on the way" (Orwell 1).
"His veins had swelled with the effort of the cough, and the varicose ulcer had started itching" (Orwell 7).
Quotes that stood out to our individual perspective of the novel.
Humans will attain the most power possible.
"The Party seeks power entirely for its own sake. We are not interested in the good of others; we are interested solely in power, pure power" (Orwell 287).
"Freedom is the freedom to say that two plus two make four. If that is granted, all else follows ."(Orwell,90)
"There's no telescreen!" (Orwell 107)
"Who wields power is not important, provided that the hierarchical structure remains always the same" (Orwell 229).
"I love you."(Orwell 119)
"The object of power is power" (Orwell 288).
Orwell creates the Party to show the intention of humanity as a whole.
The following quotes coincided with many motifs, symbols, and themes.
The fear caused by the Party resulted in Julia turning herself in.
The Party attempted to control every aspect possible of human life such as sex, love, their diets, and actions.
Winston rebeled with the sole purpose of gaining more autonomy or power over himself.
By controling words, personal identities couldn't be formed or history preserved.
"The gin was wearing off, leaving a deflated feeling."(Orwell 29)
"It isn't only the synonyms; there are also the antonyms. After all, what justification is there for a word, which is simply the opposite of some other word? A word contains its opposite in itself" (Orwell 57).
"And a sourish, composite smell of bad gin"(Orwell 66)
"All that they did was to keep alive in him the belief, or hope, that others besides himself were the enemies of the Party" (Orwell 21).
“I understand HOW: I do not understand WHY" (Orwell 80).
"Don't you see that the whole aim of Newspeak is to narrow the range of thought? In the end we shall make thoughtcrime literally impossible" (Orwell 58).
"the sight or even the thought of Goldstein produced fear and anger automatically" (Orwell 16).
"Today there were fear, hatred, and pain, but no dignity of emotion, no deep or complex sorrows" (Orwell 34).
"In the face of pain there are no heroes, no heroes, he thought over and over as he writhed on the floor, clutching uselessly at his disabled left arm" (Orwell 262).
Had great historical influence ranging from political to social issues.
"Two gin-scented tears trickled down the sided of his nose." (Orwell 326)
Orwell used the novel to instigate change in the world.
Many of the predictions came true in some way.
Many quotes were chosen because of the power and role in instigating change in our world.
"1946 Retro Hugo Awards." Thehugoawards.org. Web. 17 Apr. 2015.
"Prometheus Awards." Libertarian Futurist Society. 1 Mar. 2015. Web. 17 Apr. 2015.
"Biography of George Orwell." George Orwell. 2003. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.
"George Orwell." Bio. A&E Television Networks, 2015. Web. 25 May 2015.
"George Orwell | Biography - British Author." Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2015. Web. 13 May 2015.
"We shall meet in the place where there is no darkness." ( Orwell 25 )
"No emotion was pure, because everything was mixed up with fear and hatred." ( Orwell 126 )
" If you want a picture of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face forever." ( Orwell 267 )
Countries of 1984
Oceania - Iogsoc - North America, South America, British Isles, Australasia, and Southern Africa
Eurasia - Stalinism - Continental Europe, Russia
Eastasia - Death worship, Obliteration of the Self - China, Japan, Korea
NOICE JOB DOC
Disputed area - where the war takes place - Northen Africa, India, Indonesia