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Transcript of Revolution Realized
his best troops to fight against Burgoyne
and his Native American allies Alliance With France
1777 On december 25th Washington and 5,400 troops crossed the Delaware river
The troops were split into 3 groups which crossed the river at different places, only the group of 2,400 soldiers led by Washington survived the crossing
On the 26th of December the surviving troops split into two groups and attacked the unsuspecting Hessians on the outskirts of Trenton
about 1,000 Hessians we're captured and only 4 American soldiers died Washington Crosses Delaware
1776 The "Common Sense" Pamphlet was
written by Thomas Paine, but he did not put
his name on the pamphlet "Common Sense" Pamphlet
1776 Washington's soldiers had to endure the tough winter at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania with little supplies to keep warm until the French arrived
Out of the 10,000 soldiers, one-fourth of them had died by spring
Baron Friedrich W.A. von Steuben and Marquis de Lafayette brought discipline and encouragement to Valley Forge and helped the army to regain their morale by spring.
Many other European nations lent financial and military support to Washington's troops with France Valley Forge
1777-1778 Battle of Yorktown
1781 Washington's original
plan was to attack New York,
but he was convinced to
attack Cornwallis at Virginia. The French and the
American troops cornered
Cornwallis and his troops, surrounding them a mile away and on October 10th 1781 they started the attack The fort was taken in a very short time and Cornwallis knew the end had come Britain surrendered, and everyone knew it was the beginning of the end The Americans surrounded Burgoyne's troops with nearly twice as many troops Unable to attain food or retreat, Burgoyne surrendered in October of 1777 This became a very important victory, as the British ministers offered the Americans large amounts of rights in self-government if they stayed part of the British Empire Knowing that this would not be good for them, France signed two treaties with the Continental Congress In the pamphlet Paine pointed out that the system of monarchy
was pointless the pamphlet encouraged American
colonists to declare independence immediately More than 100,000 copies were sold within
three months of publication The document was created to declare
that the 13 colonies were no longer a
part of Britain The Declaration of
1776 The first draft of this document was
written by Thomas Jefferson, later revised,
and the final document was adopted on
the 4th of July in 1776 The continental congress appointed a committee to explain why it was necessary for the colonies to separate from British rule The second continental congress was held on may 10, 1775 in Philadelphia
The congress decided to make George Washington commander in chief not only because of his experience, but also because he was from Virginia and that would keep the southern and middle colonies from believing it was New England's war
The American Revolution began, even though independence would not be declared until more than a year later Second Continental Congress
1775 The American soldiers could have been easily defeated if the British attacked them from behind the peninsula Breed's Hill, but the British commander ordered his troops to attack uphill from the front Battle of Bunker Hill
1775 The British surrendered after more than 40 percent of their soldiers became casualties Although the Americans ran out of
ammunition, they were still victorious The American soldiers were ordered to
not attack until they could see the "whites
of their enemies' eyes" Battle of Quebec City
1775 Montgomery attacked British in Quebec city while Washington and his troops were attacking Boston
The purpose of this attack was to get the Canadians on the side of America in the revolution
Montgomery was killed during the battle On April 18th Paul Revere made
his historic ride into Lexington Lexington and Concord
1775 Thousands of minutemen came from the countryside and killed 300 British soldiers, starting the war There were only 70 minutemen against the 700 British soldiers When the British heard of the attack
plans they knew they should destroy
the American's supplies The treaty was a great diplomatic victory, gaining America a large area of land, four times bigger than France and almost ten times larger than Britain
The treaty granted America land from the Atlantic ocean to the Mississippi river
Treaty of Paris
1783 The Cowpens started with 3,000 men on both sides but within an hour 110 British soldiers were killed and over 500 were captured
In January of 1781, Daniel Morgan received a letter from Nathaniel Green with no time to retreat
Morgan worked effortlessly to boost the morale of his troops but the British forces were destroyed The Cowpens
1781 During this battle, Cornwallis had control of the battlefield Battle of Guilford Courthouse
1781 The British fled at the end of this battle Although Cornwallis was in control, Green still accomplished his mission killing many British soldiers and keeping his troops in tact On January 3rd 1777, Washington and his 1,500 troops slipped away from where they pretended to be captured by Cornwallis and launched a surprise attack on the British troops at Princeton
After winning, Washington moved his troops to the highlands in New Jersey to be out of Cornwallis' reach
This victory was a huge morale booster, new troops joined Washington and Congress gave him more power Princeton
1777 Bragdon, Henry W., Samuel Proctor McCutchen, and Donald A. Ritchie. History of a Free Nation. New York: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 1998. Print.
"The Battle of Guilford Courthouse 1781." The Battle of Guilford Courthouse. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2012. <http://www.britishbattles.com/battle-guilford.htm>.
"The Battle of Quebec 1775." The Battle of Quebec 1775. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2012. <http://www.britishbattles.com/battle-of-quebec-1775.htm>.
"Washington Crosses the Delaware." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2012. <http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/washington-crosses-the-delaware>.
"11c. Lexington and Concord." Lexington and Concord [ushistory.org]. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2012. <http://www.ushistory.org/us/11c.asp>.
Some information also obtained from class notes: The American Revolution Part 2 Bibliography