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indefinite

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by

Daniela Martinez

on 11 July 2013

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Transcript of indefinite

Indefinite Pronouns
¡Let's compare!
An indefinite pronoun does not refer to any specific person, thing or amount. It is vague and "not definite". Some typical indefinite pronouns are:

all, another, any, anybody/anyone, anything, each, everybody/everyone, everything, few, many, nobody, none, one, several, some, somebody/someone.mucho, muchos; mucha, muchas, poco, pocos; poca, pocas, tanto, tantos;, tanta, tantas, bastante, bastantes, demasiado, demasiados; demasiada, demasiadas, alguno, algunos; alguna, algunas, ninguno; ninguna, algo, nada.
An additional or different person or thing
That ice-cream was good. Can I have
another
?
Ese helado estaba bueno. Puedo tomar
otro
(adjective)
?
Not one and not the other of two people or things
I keep telling Jack and Jill but
neither
believes me.
Sigo diciéndole a Jack y Jill pero
ninguno
me cree.
An unspecified or unknown thing
Listen! I just heard
something
! What could it be?
¡Escucha! ¡Acabo de oír
algo
! ¿Qué podrá ser?
Indefinite pronouns
Note that many indefinite pronouns also function as other parts of speech. Look at "another" in the following sentences:

She has one job in the day and another at night. (pronoun)
Ella tiene un trabajo en el día y otro en la noche.

I'd like another drink, please. (adjective)
Me gustaría otra bebida, por favor.
No matter what person
Can
anyone
answer this question?
Puede
alguien
responder esta pregunta?
No matter what thing
The doctor needs to know if you have eaten
anything
in the last two hours.
El doctor necesita saber si has comido

algo
en las últimas dos horas.
A small amount
Little
is known about his early life.
Poco
se sabe de sus primeros años.
A large amount
Much
has happend since we met.
Ha pasado
mucho
desde que nos conocimos.
A large number of people or things
I phoned many times but
nobody
/
no-one
answered.
Llamé muchas veces pero
nadie
contestó.
No single thing, not anything
If you don't know the answer it's best to say
nothing.
Si no te sabes la respuesta mejor no digas
nada.
An unspecified or unknown person
Clearly
somebody
/
someone
murdered him. It was not suicide.
Evidentemente
alguien
lo mató. No fue suicidio.
The majority; nearly all
Most
is lost.
Most
have refused.
La
mayoría
está perdido.
La
mayoría
se ha rehusado.
A greater quantity of something; a greater number of people or things
There are
more
hot dogs over there.
Hay
más
perros calientes allá.
No matter how much or how many
Is
any
left?
Are
any
coming?
Queda(n)
alguno
(s)?
¿
Van
a venir?
The whole quantity of something or of some things or people
All
is forgiven.
All
have arrived.
Todo
está perdonado.
Todos
han llegado.
Of the type already mentioned
He was a foreigner and he felt that he was treated as
such
.
Él era un extranjero y se sintió tratado
como tal.
Singular or pluraL
Not any; no person or persons
They fixed the water so why is
none
coming out of the tap?
I invited five friends but
none
has come
.
Ellos arreglaron el agua pero, ¿por qué no sale
nada
del grifo?
Invité a cinco amigos pero
ninguno
ha venido.
An unspecified quantity of something; an unspecified number of people or things
Here is
some
water.
Some
have arrived.
Aquí hay
algo
de agua.
Algunos
han llegado.
Singular
Every one of two or more people or things, seen separately
Each
has his own thoughts.
Cada

quien
tiene sus pensamientos.
One or the other of two people or things
Do you want tea or coffee? / I don't mind.
Either
is good for me.
¿Quieres té o café?/No me importa.
Cualquiera
está bien para mí.
Enough as much or as many as needed
Enough is
enough.
Ya es
suficiente.
All people
We can start the meeting because
everybody
has arrived.
We had to obviously speak to volvo to make sure
everyone
clear about what had happened.

Podemos empezar la reunión porque
todos
han llegado.
Obviamente tuvimos que hablar con Volvo para asegurarnos de que a
todos
les haya quedado claro lo que pasó.
All things
They have no house or possessions. They lost
everything
in the earthquake.
Ellos no tienen casa o pertenencias. Perdieron
todo
en el terremoto.
A smaller amount
"
Less
is more" (Mies van der Rohe)
It takes
less
than ten minutes walk to the university.

"
Menos
es más"
Toma
menos
de diez minutos caminar hasta la universidad.
An unidentified person
Can
one
smoke here?
All the students arrived but now
one
is missing.
¿Puede uno fumar aquí?
Todos los estudiantes llegaron pero ahora hace falta
uno
.
An unidentified person (informal)
And
you
can see why.
Y puede ver por qué.
Plural
Two people or things, seen together
John likes coffee but not tea. I think
both
are good.
A John le gusta el café, no el té. Yo creo que
ambos
son buenos.
A small number of people or things
Few
have ever disobeyed him and lived.
Pocos
le han desobedecido y han vivido.
A reduced number of people or things
Fewer
are smoking these days.
Cada vez
menos
fuman ahora.
A large number of people or things
Many
have come already.
I have eaten
many
french fries.
Muchos
ya han venido.
He comido
muchas
papas a la francesa.
Other people; not us
I'm sure that
others
have tried before us.
Estoy seguro de que
otros
lo han intentado antes que nosotros.
More than two but not many
They all complained and
several
left the meeting.
Todos se quejaron y
varios
se fueron de la reunión.
People in general (informal)
They
say that vegetables are good for you.
Dicen que los vegetales son buenos para ti.
THANKS!!!!!
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