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Six-phase schedule - Phase 1 - SAT sentence completion

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Kathleen Flynn

on 12 July 2013

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Transcript of Six-phase schedule - Phase 1 - SAT sentence completion

The six-phase schedule
Phase 1 - SAT Sentence Completion
You must memorize vocabulary words for the SAT
While this section offers proven strategies for tackling
SENTENCE COMPLETION
questions, the strategies won't help if you don't build a solid vocabulary
Commit yourself to the most boring - and most important - part of SAT preparation: vocabulary memorization
I will provide a general reading strategy that will be important to use along with the sentence completion strategies
The key to acing the SAT SENTENCE COMPLETION sections is to Write Your Personal Answer Down (WYPAD): Fill in the blank with your own word before you look at the answer choices. This strategy will keep you from being misled by enticing, but incorrect, answers. As you learn to master WYPAD for
SENTENCE COMPLETION
questions, keep three things in mind.

1. Cover the answer choices - cover answer choices (A) through (E) with your hand. Hiding potential answer choices from view forces you to come up with your own personal word.

2. Write - don't just think - your answer - There is a reason this strategy is called WYPAD, not TYPAD. Writing your own personal answer down shows that you really understand what the sentence needs, instead of merely thinking you understand what it needs.

3. Fill in any word - The word you write down doesn't have to be a single word, an SAT vocabulary word, or even a real word. Instead you can write down a phrase, a simple word, or even a made-up word. The whole point of WYPAD is to have a concrete idea of what idea belongs in the blank, even if the idea would not be a regular answer choice.

Strategy 1
Work one at a time

Have you heard the expression "take one step at a time?" Well, for double-blank
SENTENCE COMPLETION
questions, my advice is to take it one blank at a time
Treat each blank as its own sentence completion
In this way, you can concentrate on less information, and this will allow you to think more clearly
Remember, if one of the two words of a double-blank answer choice is wrong, the entire option is wrong
Strategy 2
Fill in the exact same word

Many
SENTENCE COMPLETION
questions contain ideas that are echoed in the blank(s)
What if you can't think of your own word to fill in the blank , but you see the same concept elsewhere in the sentence? Simply write down the exact same word(s) you see
WYPAD for
SENTENCE COMPLETION
questions doesn't require you to be creative; you just need to have a concrete answer written down to compare the choices to
Strategy 3
Fill in the exact opposite word

Some
SENTENCE COMPLETION
questions contain ideas that are contradicted in the blank(s)
What if you can't think of your own word to fill in the blank, but you see the opposite concept elsewhere in the sentence? Simply write down the exact opposite word you see
Just put "not" or "un-" in front of the word that needs to be opposite and use that as your WYPAD
Strategy 4
Fill in +/-

You may sometimes have a difficult time coming up with a word to fill in the blank of a SENTENCE COMPLETION question
Before skipping directly to the answer choices, try to decide whether the blank should be filled with a positive (+), negative (-), or neutral word
Sentences often provide enough clues to enable you to make this determination
Only as a last resort should you tackle the answer choices before you have a clue as to what the answer should look like
Golden reading strategy
Write your personal answer down (WYPAD)
You can use this strategy on every SAT Reading question
WYPAD
requires you to formulate your own solution to a question before you look at the answer choices
In this way, SAT can't distract you with enticing, but incorrect, answer choices
By using
WYPAD
, you focus on exactly what you are looking for and ignore the rest
You will use
WYPAD
on both
SENTENCE COMPLETION
and
PASSAGE-BASED READING
questions
Question format
Read the directions for SAT
SENTENCE COMPLETION
now so that you don't waste time reading them during practice and the actual test.
Five to eight
SENTENCE COMPLETION
questions appear at the beginning of each of the three SAT Reading sections. If there are four SAT Reading sections, one section is "variable" and will not count toward your score. The
SENTENCE COMPLETION
questions, which are either single-blank or double-blank, are almost always one sentence long.
Be aware of order of difficulty

SENTENCE COMPLETION
questions are arranged in order of difficulty, from easy to hard. In a set of five to eight questions, the first ones are easy, the next few are of medium difficulty, and the final ones are hard. Knowing this can help you identify correct answer choices even when you don't know what every word means
After you have narrowed the answer choices to two or three possibilities, choose easy words on early
SENTENCE COMPLETION
questions, and difficult words on the last few questions
An "easy" word is recognizable and familiar, whereas a "difficult word" is strange and unfamiliar. If you can narrow the possible answer choices to two, pick the more familiar ("easy") option if the question appears early in the set. If the question appears late in the set, pick the less familiar ("hard") option
Note:
The following strategies will help you tackle
SENTENCE COMPLETION
questions on the SAT. To score well on these questions, however, there is no replacement for learning vocabulary words.
Golden strategy - WYPAD
Strategy 5
Identify the double-blank relationship

On some double-blank SENTENCE COMPLETION questions, you won't be able to fill in your own words, no matter how hard you try. Why? Because SAT test writers sometimes don't offer context clues about the words that should fill the blanks. Sometimes you need the word in the first blank before you can decide what word should go in the second blank. The test writers provide context clues about the relationship between the blanks instead. There are three categories of double-blank SENTENCE COMPLETION relationships


Parallel - In this relationship, the two blanks should contain words that express similar ideas. Although you may assume two negative words should go in the blanks, two positive words could work as well. The relationship only needs to express similar ideas; the connotations (suggested meaning) of the words may vary.

Opposed - In this relationship, the two blanks should contain words that express contrasting ideas. Although you may assume that the first blank should contain a negative word, and the second blank a positive word, the opposite could work as well. The relationship only needs to express contrasting ideas; the connotations of the words may vary.

Progressive - In this relationship, the first blank should contain a word that is less extreme than the word that should go in the second blank.
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